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Wednesday, July 24, 2013

***EARLY LAFAYETTE SUGAR REFINERY/SUGAR INDUSTRY

The Cane Crop.
[La. Planter.]

 Heavy rains have characterized the week which has elapsed since of last issue and these have retarded the operation of the factories which are still conducting the campaign, operating against the successful prosecution of it. Such fair weather had as been utilized to the utmost, but the fields and roads were rendered so heavy rainfall that the delivery of cane was very much retarded even during the fair portion of the week. While a short crop is reported from almost every section it is nevertheless true that some factories will be grinding until nearly the end of January.  From the Louisiana Planter and in the Lafayette Advertiser 1/3/1906.




CANE STEALING.

 "Farmer" Complains of An Abuse Which has Become Very Serious to the Cane-growers.

  To the Editor of The Lafayette Gazette:

  The-grinding season for cane is  now about over. I finished shipping to-day, and whilst the tonnage is satisfactory, it is the reverse as to the price  received -- nearly sixty cents per ton less than we received last year. Yet, we have paid more for labor than in former years, which still brings us to a farther loss than last year,  and as I made an average of twenty tons per acre it means a loss of fifteen dollars per acre to myself, and the same in proportion to all other cane-growers. The question now is how much more of this can we stand, and if there is a remedy, and will the farmers apply it. In my opinion there is no success without organization. Through the cowardice or inefficiency of the law we are subject to another heavy  loss that comes from the stealage  of cane from the fields and in transit to market. From the time cane begins to ripen until the
season closes there is a continual loss from this stealage.  We, that control switches are entrusted by the farmers and refineries to weigh
their cane correctly, etc To show you the extent of this stealage in reports received from the refinery, the loss in weight on one car sometimes is from one to five thousand pounds. In your town negroes not only carry it off by the armfuls, but have been seen hauling it off in wagons.  I write this to ask your assistance in helping to break up this crime against a poor. tired and inert set ot farmers, such as we are, that won't help or protect themselves.
selves. Can we not go in a body before the Police jury and ask P them to pass an ordinance making it a misdemeanor punishable by fine and imprisonment to take cane from the fields or cars, and that any one seeing this stealage may report it and that the justices and constables will
be asked to enforce the ordinance?
 

 If there is no law to cover this case then we must ask our representative to be elected next spring to work for legislation to this effect. Then, finally, if there can be no protection under the law, we are brought face to face with a serious proposition, for  self-preservation is a powerful factor when men realize they have no protection save that which they themselves can enforce. This is an evil which can and ought to be remedied by law.

With a hearty endorsement for, much that you have said and done a
during this closing year, and with
best wishes for the coming new year. I am, yours truly,
FARMER



Gazette replies....


 The Gazette is satisfied that "Farmer" does not exaggerate the extent of the loss caused to the cane-growers by the stealing of cane either in the field or in transit. It is a well-known fact that some people do not hesitate to help themselves from the fields and cane-cars and the abuse has grown to such proportions that the law applicable to it should be enforced. We understand that the taking of cane from the cars constitutes the crime of larceny and that there is a statute covering the other offense -- that of taking the cane while in the fields. If these laws are permitted to be violated with impunity the farmers are at the mercy of a large class of people who seem to think that sugar-cane is not entitled to the protection of the laws which regulate the right of property. We hope that by calling attention to this evil, "Farmer" will secure for the cane growers the protection which they should receive at the hands of the authorities. Lafayette Gazette 1/4/1902.




The Lafayette Refinery.

 The Lafayette Sugar Refining Company closed a few days ago after a most successful season. Considering that so much cane has been lost elsewhere, it is certainly to the credit of this company that it has been able to fulfill all its contracts before the disastrous freeze. The farmers who sold their cane to the Lafayette Refinery are no doubt aware of their good fortune.

 It should not be overlooked by the people of this section that the Lafayette Refinery does not raise a stalk of cane, but depends exclusively upon the small cane-growers to feed its mill. In this way a large number of farmers are afforded a ready market for their products, and as the capacity of the mill is very large farmers are enabled to take advantage of the favorable weather in the earlier part of the season.

 We believe that this refinery is one of the few refineries - if not the only one in the State - which saved all its cane.
Lafayette Gazette 1/4/1902.    


It has been reported that the cane growers near Carencro have sustained serious losses caused by the cold weather. The extent of the damage done to the crops can not yet be ascertained, but it is considerable. Laf. Gaz. 1/4/1902.


From Mr. Thos. S. Singleton, the well known planter of this parish, we get some interesting information concerning the results to be obtained from the cultivation of cane. He planted this year twenty acres of cane which yielded an average of twenty eight and one quarter tons per acre, and which he sold for twenty four hundred ninety one 35,100 dollars. Mr. Singleton's experience only demonstrates the absolute truthfulness of statements heretofore made by us as the adaptability of our soil for cane culture. There is no better land in the State for cane growing than ours, and we know of no place better suited for a sugar refinery than any one of the points on the Southern Pacific railroad, such as Broussardville, Carencro, Scott, Duson or Lafayette.
Lafayette Advertiser 1/6/1894




1894 Probabilities for Lafayette. 

 A central sugar factory.

 A railroad to Breaux Bridge.

 An ice factory.

 A graded school in complete operation.

 A better system of public roads.

 Water works for the town.
 

Lafayette Advertiser 1/6/1894



Let Us Have A Sugar Mill.
 A question, the importance of which increases as often as it occurs to us, is the erection here of a mill for grinding our cane in the coming season. It seems to us to be no stupendous undertaking, requiring no very large amount of capital, while on the other hand the effect locally would be to benefit every one. Who knows but what the owners of the Central Refinery at Franklin would undertake this work if the true condition of affairs here were presented to them? We are convinced that the advantages offered by no locality in the State for a refiner are superior to those of Lafayette, and we think the correctness of this statement can be demonstrated mathematically, but if the hope of one be deferred, let us try for the other. Lafayette Advertiser 1/6/1894.



 Col. Gus. A. Breaux and Wife departed for their home in New Orleans, Thursday, Col. Breaux had been here for several days attending to the final shipment of his cane to the Barbreck refinery. He is a strong votary of sugar and, on a number of different occasions, had endeavored to interest capital in a central sugar factory at Lafayette, to-ward the construction of which has shown a willingness to assist that is worthy of emulation by other cane growers of this section.   Lafayette Advertiser 1/6/1894.   



DIVERSIFY THE CROPS.
 That an exclusive crop of cotton has been one of the principal drawbacks to the prosperity of the farmers no one will deny. Recent years have demonstrated to the satisfaction of the most obstinate that cotton is too unprofitable to be entirely depended upon. It is a fact that well known to all of us that the prosperous farmer is the one who has diversified his crops and did not persist in the suicidal policy of planting cotton exclusively. In this parish those who were in a position to abandon cotton and replace it with cane have done it, and with favorable sugar legislation it is only a question of time when cane will be the principal crop of this section. But in the meantime let the farmers who can not plant cane, direct their energies toward the cultivation of other crops, if not marketable, for their own use. This is thought by many to be the only way to thwart the speculator and gambler in futures, and to put into effect the law of supply and demand. With a reduction in the crop the prices would necessarily be enhanced. It strikes us that it is more profitable to raise your own pork than to raise cotton and sell it at 6 1/4 and 7 cents and buy pork at 10 cents a pound. Instead of diversity of crops being the exception in this parish let it be the rule. Lafayette Gazette 1/6/1894.


(Vermilionville, La.)

We would call the attention of our planters to the article "subscriber" in our last number; if they had read the short article and weigh it well, they will readily perceive the importance of the move proposed, they will readily understand the necessity of regulating free labor by fixed rules, and how far the interests of all would be benefited by concert of action on the part of inhabitants holding real estate. We then again invite the planters of the Parish, to answer call made upon them, but in so doing, and to carry out the objects and purposes aimed at, they must be unanimous as to the rules of labor to be established, and these once established they must be unanimous in the enforcement of them, otherwise, the attempt to ameliorate our condition, and improve the country, would prove abortive. Lafayette Advertiser 1/9/1869.



Awarded Gold Medal. - Mr. Alex Mouton has received from the Commissioners of Awards of the World's Fair a beautiful tanner announcing the award to him of a gold medal for pure cane syrup. The banner is on exhibition in the window of P. Krauss' jewelry establishment. Laf. Adv. 1/11/1905.


It is reported that the cane growers near Carencro have sustained serious losses caused by the cold weather. The extent of the damage done to the crops can not yet be ascertained, but it is considerable. Laf. Gaz. DATE???




To Promote the Cane Industry.
 A corporation has been organized with the purpose of building a tramway through the parish intersecting the Southern Pacific near the refinery and running North and South from this point. Active steps have been taken to obtain the necessary right-of-way from the farmers whose lands the proposed road will pass. Such a means of easy transportation of the cane crop will undoubtedly develop that great industry in Lafayette parish. During the out-going season the cane raised here was not adequate for consumption of our local refineries. A great deal of it was shipped to other parishes. The road will run to Carencro North and in the direction of the Verot place South. We do not know the exact directions but were informed that the above would be about the sections visited. Our soil is unsurpassed for the cultivation of sugar cane, and this undertaking will, we hope, prove beneficial both to the farmers and the company instrumental in its organization. 
Lafayette Gazette 1/12/1901.





The Ferris Failure.

The failure of the Ferris Sugar Manufacturing Company has caused considerable annoyance if not decided loss to a large number of our cane growers, many of whom had contracted to sell cane to this company. We are informed that nearly all the parties who have shipped their cane to the Ferris Company have already been paid with the exception of perhaps $400 or $500. Fortunately the manager of the Caffery refinery at Franklin has consented to buy the balance of the crop in this parish, and last Wednesday contracted to take the remaining crop of Alf. Hebert, C. A. and Jno. O. Mouton, P.Caillouet, J. A. Chargois, J. P. Revillon, L. Ames and several others who went to Franklin for the purpose of making contracts. Not less than 12,000 tons are yet to be shipped from this section. We understand that some of our planters have perfected arrangements to sell their cane to the Calcasieu refinery. Lafayette Gazette 1/12/1895.



Decidedly "Knappy."
The Gazette was informed by a gentleman of this town who went to Barbreck last Monday that considerable excitement prevailed among the laborers who had failed to get their pay. These people have worked hard for their wages and unless they are paid, their families will doubtless suffer great hardships. Some things connected with this Ferris business look decidedly "Knappy." Lafayette Gazette 1/12/1895.


Adding Insult to Injury.
The following letter has been received by a number of cane growers in this section who had contracted to ship their cane to Barbreck before the failure of the Ferris Company. It will be seen from this letter that the receiver proposes to pay the planters $1 per ton for their cane. We don't know what is the object of the receiver in offering to buy cane at $1 per ton, for it can not be with the hope of buying some at this price? Surely not. Experience shows that it costs the planters about 85 cents per ton to cut, haul and load his cane, and adding 50 cents for freight, the expense per ton, without counting cultivation, amounts to $1.35. Therefore, it is clearly evident that the planter who sells his cane at $1 per ton delivered at Barbreck, does so through a sense of philanthropy felt for Mr. Ferris in his misfortune, or else he is a fit subject for the lunatic asylum.

Here is this remarkable document:
 

BARBRECK, LA. Jan. 10 1895.
 

Dear Sir -- The United States Circuit Court has instructed me to operate the works without loss, for the remainder of the season. Calculations show that it will be unsafe for the receiver to pay more than one dollar ($1.) per ton for cane delivered at this depot. I propose to take part or all of your cane at this price as long as same is uninjured and of required sucrose content and purity, said requirement to be determined by me, and satisfactorily cut, or until I am otherwise instructed by the court, and furnish you cars as applied for as far as practicable. Please advise me by return mail estimate quantity of cane which will be able to deliver on the above terms and in what period of time. Yours truly, A. S. RANLETT, Receiver. Lafayette Gazette 1/12/1895.


Worth More to Lose It. - A prominent shipper of sugar cane who lately received a formal offer of one dollar per ton for cane delivered at the Barbreck sugar mill calculated that he would make exactly 40 cents a ton by not shipping, but losing his cane, instead, because it would cost him precisely $1.40 a ton to deliver it at Barbreck. This appears to be a case of making money by losing money.  Lafayette Advertiser 1/12/1895.

  

The Ferris Debacle. - The Ferris Sugar Manufacturing Co. refinery at Franklin, La., and mill at Barbreck, were placed in the hands of receivers, by order of court, on the 4th. instant, the affairs of the company being in a condition that made this step necessary in the interest of its creditors. The two plants will continue in operations, it being the purpose of the receivers to protect all creditors to the greatest extent possible against loss. A failure to get bounty on the cane crop of 1894, it is likely, may cause their refineries to go to the wall, on account of obligations and contracts incurred at a time when there was no reason to doubt the payment of the bounty by the government.
Lafayette Advertiser 1/12/1895.






The Lafayette Refinery.

 The Lafayette Sugar Refining Company closed a few days ago after a most successful season. Considering that so much cane has been lost elsewhere, it is certainly to the credit of this company that it has been able to fulfill all its contracts before the disastrous freeze. The farmers who sold their cane to the Lafayette Refinery are no doubt aware of their good fortune.

 It should not be overlooked by the people of this section that the Lafayette Refinery does not raise a stalk of cane, but depends exclusively upon the small cane-growers to feed its mill. In this way a large number of farmers are afforded a ready market for their products, and as the capacity of the mill is very large farmers are enabled to take advantage of the favorable weather in the earlier part of the season.

 We believe that this refinery is one of the few refineries -- if not the only one in the State -- which saved all its cane.
Lafayette Gazette 5/4/1902.









OUR LAST CHANCE.


 Our last chance for this year at least, to secure a Sugar Refinery in Lafayette parish near the site of the town, lays in a disposition to establish a plant, manifested by an outside capitalist who was in our midst a few days ago.

 At this writing the undertaking is assuming shape of an encouraging nature but it is far from being an assured fact and the merchants and business men of the town are acting wisely in favoring the establishment of a convenience so sorely needed in our parish at this time, by offering as a bonus to the refinery a $3,000 site, free. The location that is offered leaves nothing to be desired as it is a natural site for a central sugar factory, affording every convenience that it is in the power of any plot of ground in the parish to give, besides possessing the decided advantage to the town of Lafayette, of being within a most suitable distance.


 It is to be hoped that this offer to donate so valuable a site will meet with proper appreciation and serve to more strongly induce the establishing of a refinery available for the present season. It is an unmistakable evidence of the good sentiment and friendly spirit in which our people regard the proposed undertaking, and even though the tender be not accepted it will go on record to the credit of Lafayette that it holds within its borders, citizens who are not altogether dead to the welfare and advancement of its interests, and the knowledge of this fact alone, will cause our citizens to view kindred matters with broader minds and give germ to that kind of spirit of cooperation which alone can build up communities and make thriving cities of small and apathetic towns.
Lafayette Advertiser 6/2/1894.




The Ferris Debacle.
The Ferris Sugar Manufacturing Co. refinery at Franklin, La., and mill at Barbreck, were placed in the hands of receivers, by order of court, on the 4th. instant, the affairs of the company being in a condition that made this step necessary in the interest of its creditors. The two plants will continue in operations, it being the purpose of the receivers to protect all creditors to the greatest extent possible against loss. A failure to get bounty on the cane crop of 1894, it is likely, may cause their refineries to go to the wall, on account of obligations and contracts incurred at a time when there was no reason to doubt the payment of the bounty by the government. Lafayette Advertiser 1/12/1895.



From the Sugar Cane State to the Golden Gate.

 A ride of Three Thousand Five Hundred Miles (3,500) made in five days in a Pullman Tourist Sleeper through the great States of Louisiana, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California, to Portland, Oregon, with only one change of cars. 

 This is what the Traveler, Sight-seer or Home-seeker can do. Sights of mountain grandeur, superior in vastness to any in the known world, open upon the vision, changing with kaleidoscopic rapidity from the last beautiful bit of scenery to to new ones even more so. The Southern Pacific Railroad is the artery over which the finest trains run over the best track of steel rails in the South, reaching from Gulf to Ocean. Her equipment is modern, her road-bed magnificently ballasted, and her motive power is unequaled south of the Ohio river. All these qualifications are facts. Her employes always courteous. A trip from "The Land of Sugar Cane, Rice Fields and Cotton" to the Pacific Coast is an education in itself never to be regretted. Write for any information to the nearest representative of this great system of railroads and steamship lines, and receive in return your question answered, reliable and to the point. Any of our readers contemplating a trip will do well to inquire of the nearest Southern Pacific System's Agents before buying elsewhere. S. F. B. Morse, G. P. & T. A., New Orleans, La.
Lafayette Gazette 1/12/1895.     

Jake Pefferkorn, J. W. Johnson, E. Triay and Walter Scruggs, who were employed at the Barbreck yards, have returned to Lafayette owing to the lack of business at that point since the failure of the Ferris refinery.
Laf. Gaz. 1/12/1895.


TIME FOR ACTION.

That Lafayette should have one or two refineries it is clearly evident to all all who appreciate the serious predicament in which many of our cane-growers are at the present time. The great loss, (and in some cases the total loss) sustained by the cane-growers shows most conclusively that no one can plant cane with any degree of safety unless there is a refinery in close proximity to his field. During the last year two or three movements were on foot to build a refinery in or near Lafayette, but due to some cause or other, they were not carried to a successful termination. But because we failed last year should not prevent a more determined effort this year. Now that the people, the merchants and business men of the town as well as the farmers, have been forcibly impressed with the necessity of a refinery, it is hoped that every person whose success depends upon the prosperity of the whole community, will be more than willing to do his share, however small that may be. The situation is indeed serious and unless the people get together and decide upon some plan of action to build a refinery, the fact is painfully apparent that cane growing in Lafayette will have to be considerably decreased if not entirely abandoned. The loss in cane alone this year, we believe, would be nearly enough to build a refinery, and yet a movement last year having that purpose in view met with very little encouragement. Another loss like the one sustained would cause irreaparable injury to the general trade. Our merchants and other business men should concentrate all their energies to secure the capital to build a central refinery in or near Lafayette - it matters not on whose lot. In the language of the street, "get a move on yourselves," gentlemen. The time is ripe for action. You must do something to help the farmers, and by helping them yourselves. Their prosperity means your prosperity. Their ruin means your ruin. Lafayette Gazette 1/19/1895.



A Delusion.
The affair of the Ferris Sugar Manufacturing Company, Limited, would seem to be all on one side and nothing on the other. It is composed from all appearances largely on liabilities, the assets being purely nominal. This thieving institution has pocketed the hard earnings of needy people and sought safety behind laws intended for the protection of the honest but unfortunate debtor. There is something wrong about laws that permit such unblushing rascality perpetrated in this so-called unsolvency, and for one thing it looks like the limited liability law should be done away with as soon as possible.

It appears to us, however, very much like obtaining goods or property under false pretenses for a purchaser to refuse to pay for a thing used and disposed of, the possession of which was obtained under the express agreement that the price was to be paid cash. The next grand jury ought to investigate the doings of the Ferris company in this parish. It is very pertinent to enquire, in this connection, what disposition has been made of the product of the 40,000 tons of care that has passed through the hands of this concern this season. Lafayette Advertiser 1/19/1895.



We Must Meet the Issue.


 In all seriousness, the people of this country are about to enter upon one of the most trying experiences it has been their fate to encounter for many years. A chain of circumstances for which no one in particular is responsible had brought about a condition of affairs that has served to throw the entire country out of joint, and, as men, everywhere, look the issue squarely in the face they cannot but feel apprehensive of the future for some months to come, at least. It is but natural, then, that in a contemplation of the unusual demands each one fears may be made on him by this new condition of affairs, everyone should be planning temper the wind of the approaching storm.

We, of Lafayette, form a part of the vast universe affected by the present order of things, and must submit to the common lot philosophically, if not willingly. One of the most bountiful harvests of which we have a recollection has brought money into our country, and in certain instances has been the means of plunging some of our people into debt. Whilst the resulting condition is not one of actual want, yet it presents an outlook that is far from being encouraging, and even when viewing the subject in its not darkest light, we feel called on to give a most careful consideration to the "what's to be done under the circumstances?" How can we best lighten the immediate burden as well as bring about an early and permanent improvement in our condition? That is the problem each one is now revolving in his mind, in the hope of discovering a logical solution. Men are so sensible of the gravity of the situation that they assemble in conventions to exchange views and make be undone, and without endeavoring to explain what causes may have operated to culminate the condition now calling so loudly concerned are satisfied to deal with the condition itself, and, accordingly propose certain plans appearing in their very nature capable of affording relief. One of the suggestions in the interest of the Southern States now largely devoted to the raising of cotton, is to make a positive decrease in the acreage for the crop of 1895, so as to reduce the world's supply of cotton and cause an advancement in the market value of the staple on account of its greater scarcity.

The advocates of a smaller acreage know that the cotton states cannot hope to control the world's supply of cotton and do not advise an adoption of the course proposed other than as expedient, and intend that future developments shall govern future action in this regard. There is every reason to believe that, as a palliative measure, the proposition is desirable one to enforce. If it accomplished no other good its adoption would have the effect of placing unused time and land at the disposal of the farming class, to be employed in other ways than raising cotton. The spare time and would be devoted to the cultivation of other crops, or to the pursuit of avocations bringing direct results in cash, or its equivalent. The cotton raiser would learn, under this new policy, the great error of depending almost entirely on the proceeds of his early crop for all the necessities of life. He will know the immense advantage of producing on the farm the commodities of life that, heretofore, he has always deepened on the North, East and West to furnish. Then cotton will be a surplus crop and, as much, can be profitably cultivated at 5 cents a pound, in Lafayette parish if no where else. The needs of the Lafayette Farmer, aside from what he can readily raise of produce of home, may be supplied without and great strain on the purse, and it is this end he should direct his mind and energies.

While it is our purpose to make no reference to the disastrous experience lately suffered by this industry, we proceed at once to the discussion of that feature of the sugar interests on which its emancipation from present thraldom principally depends. And again, we intend that our remarks shall find our most direct, if not exclusive, application to our immediate section of country. Naturally we feel a strong sympathy for other people in distress, but our own requirements have a first claim on us, and, besides, a policy that would be of advantage to one locality might not be so applicable to another in affording a remedy for a common evil. As regards sugar the problem confronts us: Is it possible to produce it at a profit, if the industry be stripped of every vestige of protection? Purposely, we take an exterior view of the subject. It is conceded on all sides that a bounty will never again be placed on sugar by any political party. It is contrary to American sentiment. And protection by tariff may not be of long continuance, although there is a general impression that sugar, being the ideal article for raising governmental revenue, will not be removed from the dutiable list by succeeding administrations. It will answer our purpose best, though, in the present consideration of the subject to treat of freesugar. It is maintained by persons of long and practical experience that under economical management and the system of factories, the culture of sugar cane can be profitably carried on in the sugar district of Louisiana, without bounty or protection. We have undoubted assurance that cane can be cultivated in Lafayette parish at a minimum cost. Central sugar factory facilities, then, is the only essential requirement to place can safely on a paying basis in Lafayette. That is the great desideratum, and it is a plane that can be easily attained by the co-operation of the business men and sugar planters of the parish.

We conclude, then, with the many things in our favor, we, of Lafayette, have much reason to base hope for better times. The hard lesson of the present is not void of redeeming features. If light is to come our of darkness, as there is every indication will happen, we will owe a large debt to the conditions we now bewail so loudly. The times have set us to thinking in a way we have never been compelled to do before. From the train of thought in which we find our mind engaged, fruitful action should result. The period of transformation should prove a rather trying one to the people, but the lesson learned will be of inestimable value hereafter. Our lot may not be such a bad one after all. Let us look at the bright side of it and act with intelligence and good will for a stable improvement in our ideas and our methods, and we shall not be disappointed in the end.


 Lafayette Advertiser 1/26/1895.  






Sugar Refinery.

 We have not heard any body talk refinery lately. Perhaps this apparent indifference on the part of the people is due to the uncertainty of future sugar legislation. It is a matter of utter impossibility to say what Congress will do with sugar. At any rate let the people of the parish, and especially those living near this town, keep their eyes wide-open. The Gazette is in receipt of a letter from a gentleman engaged in the manufacture of sugar, who visited this parish several times and expressed himself as most favorably impressed with the advantages offered by this section for a sugar refinery. Among other encouraging words the letter contains the following: "Expect to be in your town at an early date, and we will talk refinery again. Do not let the interest in that direction die out. Congressional action and inaction will cause delay, of course, but need not prevent success, if we do our part. Your section is too fine a one to be longer overlooked." Lafayette Gazette 1/27/1894.


Attention Planters. - The Lafayette Sugar Refinery Co. Ltd., are now ready to contract for cane. In addition to market prices, they are now paying a bonus of 25c per ton for cane delivered by wagons. Advances are made on cane. Lafayette Advertiser 2/2/1901. 



Sugar Refinery Owner Shot. 

An incident of unusual interest was the shooting of Mr. Ferris at Franklin, last Tuesday, by Mr. Payne, of Barbreck. The latter had become exasperated at the great monetary loss occasioned him by the failure of the Ferris Sugar Refinery Co. and sought to obtain satisfaction of some kind from the person he regarded as the author of the whole affair. At the meeting that took place between the two men Mr. Payne became excited to the pitch of drawing a pistol which he began firing at Mr. Ferris, with deadly intent. One bullet only took effect, inflicting a painful flesh wound. Lafayette Advertiser 2/2/1895.

Our Main Hope. - There is a perfect unanimity of opinion among the people of Lafayette, that a central sugar refinery would prove a most powerful factor in bringing about an immediate and a general amelioration of this section of country. This impression is as deep-rooted as it is universal and is supported by every rational argument. It has come to a point where no one has the patience any longer to discuss the merits of demerits of the measure, but there is a significant demanding for action. An experience of several seasons greatly intensified by the woeful lesson of the one just past, should suffice to force the recognition of a fact by even the dullest minded people. The time for words has passed; ideas must be made to crystallize henceforth, if our people expect to emancipate themselves, in a business or commercial sense. What needs to be done will have to be done by people, and that too, without unnecessary loss of time. We may as well take the bull by the horns now, for there can be only disadvantage in waiting. Let those most deeply interested decide on a leader and two or three trusty lieutenants, and let all others tie to this leadership, for better or for worse. It should not be of extreme great difficulty to settle on a few, the fewer the better, home persons possessing a fair supply of sound business tact and worthy of the confidence of their fellow men, to whom could be entrusted the management of such an enterprise. This point once gained would go far to-ward placing the movement on a sound footing and we could then look forward with confidence to the accomplishment of the object in view.
Lafayette Advertiser 2/2/1895.
 
 







A GRAND MEETING

Of Business Men to Consider the Proposition Made by Mr. T. H. Leslie.

Almost an Assured Fact that a Railroad Will Be Built from Lafayette to Abbeville This Year.


A BUSINESS MEN'S ASSOCIATION PROPOSED.


Mr. T. H. Leslie, President and General Manager of the Stuttgart and Arkansas River Railroad, from whom we published a letter in last week's ADVERTISER, arrived in Lafayette Thursday afternoon, and called at this office. We soon discovered that Mr. Leslie meant business, and was a man who talked "straight from the shoulder."

He stated that he could remain only a short time in our city, and as he had several propositions to make to the people, requested us to call a meeting of some of our representative citizens to meet him at 11 o'clock Friday morning, which we agreed to do. Our own time was fully occupied, but we saw as many as was possible, and as possible, and as a result a number of business men congregated to the director's room of the People's State Bank, who kindly granted the use of the room for a meeting. Mr. Leslie submitted the following written proposition which was read to the meeting.

Lafayette, La., Feb. 3, 1893:
A. C. Ordway, Esq.,
Editor Advertiser,

DEAR SIR: - I would be pleased to submit through you, confidentially to some of your representative citizens, the following co-operative proposition.

In the event of your people being induced to vote the aid requested by me, I will at my own expense have issued a satisfactory pamphlet setting forth your advantages and resources ; and will offer a bonus of $20,000 to anyone who will establish a cotton factory, employing not less than 150 people, and $10,000 bonus for a good No. 1 sugar refinery, which I will pay upon the erection of one or both of the above-named plants. I will agree to bring about a reduction of an average of at least 10 per cent on all freight rates to and from this town, and also these representative men to select the Treasurer and two Directors of the road, thus ensuring many direct benefits to your city.
T. H. Leslie.


It may be well to explain here that the aid requested by Mr. Leslie and referred to in the above proposition is a 5 mill tax for ten years from the town and an 8 mill tax for the same period from the parish.

After the reading of the above proposition Mr. Leslie was introduced and spoke as follows:



"GENTLEMEN: In the event of your advocating and securing the aid requested by me, I will obligate myself to meet your city and parish in a co-operative spirit for the development of your country, by inducing the investment of capital in various enterprises calculated to promote the rapid development of your dormant resources. Among the number that I should aid and encourage would be the following:

A Sugar Refinery, An Electric light plant, A System of Water Works, A Cotton Factory and
A Street Railway,

As an incentive to establish the two most important industries named, viz: a Sugar Refinery and a Cotton Factory. I will give a bonus of $10,000 to the first named and $20,000 to the second, and with this encouragement and the general stimulation given by the building of a railroad to the coast. I do not question or doubt the future prosperity of your city. I have never seen greater average advantages than here, and they only need to be known to the outside world to be most wonderfully developed in the next few years. If by a liberal policy you can double your population in the next five years and increase the value of all property 100 per cent., at a nominal cost to yourselves, you are certainly the gainers by the transaction. My proposition contemplates mutual benefits and is all one-sided as is the case frequently in railroad matters. My theory is, and my experience has demonstrated the fact that a large tonnage and low rates are better for both the railroad and the people, as low rates encourages the people to handle many articles that otherwise would be impossible."


After his remarks were finished a general discussion of the matter took place, and Mr. Leslie convinced everyone present that he was thoroughly in earnest in the matter and was in a position to carry out every proposition made by him to the people. Arrangements were made for further correspondence with Mr. Leslie regarding the matter, and after receiving assurances from all present that they would support the matter earnestly and heartily, Mr. Leslie took his departure.

At the close of the railroad discussion advantages was taken of the opportunity afforded by the presence of the business men to take preliminary steps for the organization of a Business Men's Association, which in the future could take charge of any movement started that would benefit our town, and the following named gentlemen were enrolled as members:

Chas. O. Mouton, N. P. Moss, I. A. Broussard, Judge O. C. Mouton, T. M. Biossat, John O. Mouton, Julian J. Mouton, Julian J. Mouton, Alfred Hebert, J. Higginbotham, B. Falk, Wm. Campbell, Capt. J. C. Buchanan, A. J. Moss, A. M. Martin, A. C. Ordway, A. C. Guilbeau and Crow Girard.

On motion Messrs. O. C. Mouton, Alfred Hebert and A. C. Ordway were appointed a committee to draft a constitution and by-laws to be submitted to a meeting Monday evening, the Chairman to act as a member of ex-officio of the committee.

A motion was made and carried that a meeting be held at the Court House, next Monday evening, at 7:30 o'clock, and that all business men and citizens of Lafayette be urgently requested to attend with a view of affecting a permanent organization, after which the meeting broke up, and everyone present seemed to realize that if Lafayette was ever to advance in wealth and prosperity, the time had arrived for earnest work.

Let there be a large attendance on next Monday night. Everybody owes it as a duty to the community to attend.


Lafayette Advertiser 2/4/1893.


Mr. J. Ed. Mouton, a substantial citizen of Mouton's Switch, was in town one day this week purchasing plantation supplies. Mr. Mouton was one of the first of Lafayettes' planters to engage in cane culture, and his efforts have been abundantly rewarded. Laf. Adv. 2/4/1893

CANE PLANTERS. - Lafayette Sugar Refinery Co. Ltd., are now ready to contract for cane. In addition to market prices, they are paying a bonus of 25cts., per ton cane delivered by wagons. Advances are made on cane.
Laf. Adv. 2/9/1901
The prospect of receiving the bounty on the sugar crop of 1894, although still shrouded in doubt, is better that at any previous time. Laf. Adv. 2/9/1895.




The Sugar Industry in Lafayette.

 The January number of Current Topics, published at New Orleans, was largely devoted to a consideration of the sugar interests of Louisiana. From this publication we reprint the following contribution by one of our fellow townsman : Dr. N. P. Moss.

 The sugar cane industry in Lafayette parish, Louisiana, has developed to a remarkable degree within the past three years, under the stimulus of two important factors, viz: the peculiar fitness of the soil for the successful cultivation of sugar cane, and the high relative remunerativeness of this product, under existing conditions.

 It is estimated that full 90 per cent of the cultivable land in Lafayette parish is well adapted to the growing of sugar cane, and the approximate acreage under cultivation during 1893 was 3,000 acres. This year indications point to an increase of at least 75 per cent of the present acreage.

 The yield during the past season average 24 tons per acre (unfertilized lands) which, at ruling prices, netted quite satisfactory results in spite of the great expense attending the marketing of the cane away from home, an expense that will be removed to the near future, at the very inviting opening here offered for one or more central sugar factories can not be overlooked by capital much longer.

 Persons interested in the cultivation of this particular product here, like those similarly engaged in other portions of the State, look upon the bounty law as a contrast and that the repeal of it would impair the obligation of a contract, and feel confident that the democratic or any other party cannot afford to deliberately destroy by partless legislation so important industry to the entire country, and, under this conviction, are, still devoting their best unreadable word)  to this avocation with reason (unreadable words)  and manifest good to the whole people.

 It may not be inappropriate to add that under favorable influences Lafayette will soon rank, relatively, as the banner sugar parish of the Pelican State.
Lafayette Advertiser 2/10/1894.




The Lafayette Sugar Factory.

 The Gazette is informed that Messrs. S. Gumble & Co., proprietors of the Lafayette Sugar Factory, intend making extensive repairs to their mill which will enable them to handle a much larger quantity of cane next season. This factory has already been of incalculable good to this community and our people will be pleased to learn that its grinding capacity will be largely increased. It is owned by Messrs. S. Gumble & Co., known throughout the South for their superior business qualities. The cane growers of this neighborhood should remember that the Lafayette Sugar Factory is a home enterprise and is deserving of their support. The proprietors of the mill are offering, through their representative, Mr. A. B. Denbo, the highest prices for cane. They are now ready to sign contracts with cane growers and those who wish to sell their crop to them may do so at any time. The success of the Gumble factory is one of the utmost importance to the cane planters of this section. A reliable home market for the produce of the soil is always to be desired, and we are repeat, that all things being equal, it is undoubtedly to the interest of our farmers to sell their cane to a local mill. Lafayette Gazette 2/12/1898.


Time to Move. - The time is passing and no move is made to build a refinery in Lafayette. All that is necessary is unity of action, without which there is no success possible. Small communities with limited means have accomplished wonders by pulling together.
Laf. Gazette 2/16/1895.


THE CHANCES FOR SUGAR.

 It is a pretty difficult matter to say how sugar will fare in the Senate. One day dispatches from Washington are very encouraging to those interested in this industry and the next day wires bring a contradiction of these reports. What will be the outcome no one can tell. Our Senators are making a brave fight and insist upon a reasonable duty; if they fail to obtain this, they have announced their intention to vote against Wilson bill. We give below the Picayune's Washington correspondence of February 13:   "The press reports sent out to-night concerning sugar are unfavorable, but with the exception of the inaction of the senate sub-committee on the subject of the sugar duty, nothing has occurred  to change the situation for the worse. The committee members are very reticent, even with the other senators, and nobody seems to know exactly what they are doing with the tariff bill. Most of the statements in the newspapers as to the sub-committee's proceedings are conjectural in their nature. The Louisiana senators had not heard any unfavorable news to-day. As far as can be learned the committee have not come to a decision on the sugar question.

 "The sugar planters' delegation may remain several days longer. They thoroughly discussed the question of a sugar schedule at the conference held last night Senators White and Caffery, and the latter will be in a position to submit a schedule if one is called for by the sub-committee on the tariff bill. The committee has not yet asked for a schedule.

 If it should be determined by the finance committee to leave sugar on the free list, they they will have to find a way to pass the bill without the aid of the Louisiana senators and the other senators who may stand with them. This is likely to prove a more difficult problem than the sugar question.

 "Senators Manderson and McMillan are enthusiastic over their experiences in Louisiana, and the great capacity of the sugar industry for development. Senator Manderson will stand for sugar, on his side of the chamber, and there are Republican senators who will go with him." Lafayette Gazette 2/17/1894.



ONE VIEW OF IT.



The establishment of a cotton and sugar refinery in Lafayette parish, together with the building of a railroad from here to Vermilion bay, via Abbeville, would without question bring other industries, build up the town of Lafayette and add a great deal to the taxable property in the parish, therefore we believe it to be a sound deduction that notwithstanding a tax of 3 mills be levied in favor of the railroad, that the amount of taxes the property holders would be less five years from now than at the present time.

The cost of running the parish would be no greater with these and other industries added than it is to-day, and as new industries would add to the assessable property of the parish, the percentage of taxation would be reduced. The assessed valuation of taxable property in the parish is now $1,894,572.00 and the tax levied 10 mills ; if the railroad is built, we are certain of having a cotton factory and sugar refinery, besides other industries and mercantile establishments, new residences in town and parish, which would add at least $1,000,000 to the assessable property, giving a total of say $3,000,000 as against $1,894,572 at present. The expenses of the parish are not increasing, the tax would be lowered and instead of paying 10 mills you would not pay over 6 or 7 mills, therefore, even if no other benefits were to be derived, it would be a paying investment to vote the railroad tax.

Lafayette Advertiser 2/18/1893.




Grinding Season. - During the grinding season the water of the Teche was poisoned to such an extend by the refuse chemicals discharged into it by the sugar factories that fish were poisoned in large numbers, cattle and stock that drank it died, and the health of the communities living along the banks of this beautiful and historical stream are greatly affected by the foul water. Later Advertiser 2/21/1891.





An Important Decision.
 In the suit of Col. Breaux vs. Galbert Bienvenue the Supreme Court, through Chief Justice Nicholls, has affirmed the judgment of the District Court. This decision decides a very important question. It defines the force of act No. 54 of 1896, under which Col. Breaux claimed the right of passing over Mr. Bienvenu's property with the tramrod which is used in carrying cane to the refinery. The case was hotly contested by both sides. Col. Breaux was assisted by Judge O. C. Mouton while the defendant was represented by Messrs. Caffery, Campbell and Girard. The following taken from the opinion of the court: "Act No. 54 of 1896, authorizing owners of property situated as described therein to acquire by the expropriation proceedings fixed in the second and third sections of the act the right to construct a road, tramway, ditches or canal, as the exigencies of the case might require, over the lands of his neighbors to the nearest public road, railroad or water course, if constitutional, is in derogation of general right, and calls for very strict interpretation. The law does not apply to parties whose lands border upon a public road or stream by which the products of his plantation can reach the market under feasible, though difficult, conditions. The law does not take into account the inconvenience of the situation nor the greater or less cost of reaching the railroad, the refineries or public centers of business or trade, but contemplates an absolute impossibility of doing so without the right of way being granted. Judgement affirmed."
Lafayette Gazette 2/25/1899.

 

 


The Cane Plant. - Reports as to the injury done to the cane crop by the recent cold spell are very contradictory and it is impossible to say to what extent the crop has been damaged. It seems, pretty sure, however, that the injury will not prove to be as great as it was first thought. Some claim that half of the crop has been destroyed and a larger number of farmers are more conservative in their estimates of the loss and do not think that over 20 per cent of the cane plant has been killed. Lafayette Gazette 2/25/1899.


 
Improvements the year 1893 will give Lafayette:

  A New Railroad,
  A Sugar Refinery,
  A Cotton Factory,
  A Street Car Line,
  A Graded School,
  A Rice Mill,
  A Cotton Seed Oil Mill,
  An Ice Factory,
and a dozen minor industries.
Lafayette Advertiser 2/25/1893.


Lafayette On the Way.

 here a good many improvements going about our wide-awake city and if our business men keep a sharp lookout they can secure their shares of prosperity. We are glad to inform our readers, that on last Wednesday, a special train from New Orleans, having a board Meesrs. Owen, Gumble, Wessinger, Godchaux and several civil and mechanical engineers stopped at our refinery. The object of the visit was to investigate and formulate plans of the construction of a large refinery, which will have a full capacity and will be furnished with all the latest improvements. The old mill and refinery attachments have been sold to a planter of Lafourche.
Lafayette Advertiser 2/26/1898.



CANE PLANTERS. - The Lafayette Sugar Refinery Co. Ltd., are now ready to contract for cane. In addition to market prices, they are paying a bonus of 25cts. per ton for cane delivered by wagons. Advances are made on cane. Laf. Advertiser 3/2/1901.




















The Lafayette Sugar Refinery Co. (Ltd.) is ready to contract for cane. Their representative can always be found at refinery. Laf. Adv. 4/8/1899.


LET US HAVE A SUGAR MILL.

We have several times spoken of the projected enterprise of a central sugar mill at Lafayette, and have pointed out the increased prosperity to our citizens which would follow, especially to small farmers, besides it would  be a paying investment for stockholders. Farmers cannot afford to invest the large capital required for modern appliances necessary to produce the best results, and are cut off from the pursuit of a lucrative industry. A certain market for their cane would enable them to engage in a most profitable industry, for which much land in this parish is peculiarly adapted. Lafayette Advertiser 4/27/1889.



THAT SUGAR REFINERY. 


 At the conference held at the Court House last Saturday, of the cane planters in the neighborhood of Lafayette, to consider a proposition submitted having for its object the erection of a sugar refinery, those present were unable to arrive at any satisfactory conclusion. The conditions to be met were not of an unreasonable kind but the projectors of the movement failed to receive the necessary support from the persons most  interested in the culture of sugar cane and, consequently, to whose advantage would have redounded most extensively the establishment of a refinery in this particular locality. It is to be regretted that the gentlemen who were present at this conference failed to agree at once on a plan of action that would have given to this section of the parish a convenience to greatly needed as is a central sugar factory, and one that would prove of such a vast general benefit. By refusing to incur ordinary risks and obligations as we are called on to do in such cases we are standing in the way of our own and nearest interests and succeed in effectually thwarting the worthy efforts of that portion of our population that is ever earnestly trying to bring us industries and enterprises that would immensely benefit the people as a whole.

 That we are bound to have a sugar refinery at no far distant day, is a self-evident fact, but why continue to defer the procuration of so valuable an acquisition when we can already utilize its advantages to such good person.

 We had hoped to chronicle a far different meeting, but must face the situation as we find it. We sincerely hope that our more serious minded citizens will ponder well over this subject and learn how to take a more broadened view of the affairs of this world that we may soon arrive at the conclusion that, as a people, we should be more willing to help ourselves in the future, than has characterized our career in the past, in order that Lafayette, as a parish, may assume its proper place in the march of progress that is now fast flying past us.

Lafayette Advertiser 5/19/1894.





IT'S COMING. 

"There's a good time coming, boys,     There's are good time coming, There's a good time coming, boys,     And it won't be long coming."  Yes, that refinery is coming, and it's coming soon as the dense financial clouds roll by, which surely ought to happen at an early day, and the people should then get together and make a united and strong pull, and the refinery will be a reality. We have sailed one course and then another, and nothing has been accomplished. The reason would seem to be because our efforts were directed against insurmountable obstacles. Consequently, it seems to us, it would redound to our advantage to concentrate our energies and direct them in a channel that promises success. The Gazette has demonstrated in the preceding issues that there is no better investment than in a sugar refinery, and it is particularly so in Lafayette, when the possibility of cane acreage is considered. It is no stretch of imagination to assert that within a radius of six miles at least 50,000 tons of cane could be raised. This would mean $200,000 to our farmers, and the town would receive the biggest share of it. In our estimation it is the only industry which would enhance, immediately, the prosperity of our city. It would not only enrich the town people, but the farmer's would be much, a great deal, better off. And the most encouraging feature of it is that with a little effort and contributions sufficient to form a reasonable bonus, it would be a reality inside twelve months. Other communities appreciate the value of refineries, and are making strenuous efforts to get them, as can be seen by reading the following taken from the Times-Democrat:

  -The people of Iberia parish recognize the importance of central sugar factories, and have set about securing them in the right way of securing them in the right way by offering liberal inducements for their construction. Iberia will raise a splendid crop of cane this year - the largest it has ever grown - and the outlook is good that is talk of increasing the acreage in cane next year 25 per cent. The increase will be even more, if the construction of central factories assures the grinding of all produced. -  

 A committee has been at work in Iberia seeing what inducements can be offered capitalists to construct the desired factories already in operation would, one might imagine, be sufficient inducement to capital to embark in this enterprise, but the Iberians offer a great deal more. They are perfectly willing to give all the necessary ground for the factories and to build eight miles of railway by which the cane can be conveyed to them from the plantations, and the Police Jury has agreed to exempt any factory from parish taxation for the period of ten years. These are certainly liberal terms, and we have no doubt will be accepted. They are said to be under consideration in New Orleans t0-day. In the present financial stringency there will naturally be some let up in the matter, bus as soon as the clouds clear away, which we may look for any day, the negotiations will be reopened, and we have little doubt that they will meet with success. There is no better investment for capital than a central sugar factory, as the experience of those already in operation shows.From the New Orleans Times-Democrat and in the Lafayette Gazette 9/2/1893. 

No conclusion of a definite turn has yet reached with regard to the erection of a sugar refinery on the site tendered free by the citizens of Lafayette. Laf. Adv. 6/9/1894

 
Mr. Alex Mouton has begun the erection of a syrup mill near the brick factory. He expects to be ready for the next season's crop. Laf. Adv. 6/20/1891


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