From the Lafayette Gazette of June 5th, 1897:
A MARKET HOUSE.
The Plan Proposed by the Signal For Crowley May be a Good One.
That Lafayette needs a public market all sensible people will admit, and that it is high time that it should have one is equally true. The Gazette stated some time ago that the people of Lafayette could not very well afford to continue much longer under the present system. The progressive town of Crowley is up-to-date in various ways, but like her bigger sister, Lafayette, she has no market house. The Signal, with characteristic energy, is trying to impress upon the public mind the necessity of a market house, and speaking of this matter in its last issue it says:
"The different markets here and there in our town are as far apart in localities as they are in the quality of meats they keep. With the size and population of Crowley we should have a central market house, both as a source of convenience, as a stimulus to legitimate competition, as well as to incite our market men to give us a better grade of meat and at cheaper prices.
"What, with building waterworks, electric lights and other necessary expenses, the Town Council cannot afford now to put up a town market house. But individuals can do it, and upon a very safe and simple plan, namely - let one or more persons construct a building of sufficient size to embrace, say, a half dozen stalls of good size to be rented to all market men, whether for meats, fish, fruits or vegetables. All of these things will be sold under one roof, and the purchaser for the day's supplies has only to step from one stall to another to get what he wants without running all over town to fill his order. The parties who erect this building could sell it to the Town Council for a stipulated price, and in payment the Council pass an ordinance establishing a scale of rental for the stalls, collectible daily or weekly, said rentals to be paid over to the vendors of the market house until the purchase price of the building was finally paid, then the title of the property to become fully vested in the town. This is the method that has been successfully followed in other towns and to the satisfaction of all parties. To exemplify, say that a market house has been built and an act of sale passed to the town. The Town Council then passes an ordinance requiring all markets to be conducted in the stalls of this building; and fixes the rates of daily, weekly or monthly rental to be paid for the use of said stalls, the same to be paid to the original vendor of the building. Such a building under such regulations should pay not less than $50 or and perhaps $80 per month according to the number of stalls occupied. If we are not mistaken the town of Opelousas constructed her market house, a very neat and commodious one, upon this plan and that it has been bringing the town $1,200 or $1,500 rental for several years past. A good market building centrally situated is the desideratum our people, and when once established everybody will wonder how they ever got along without one so long.
"With a central market and the butchers all in close proximity to butchers all in a close proximity to each other they would vie with each other in keeping clean, and attractive stalls, in offering better meats to their customers and bringing down prices to the lowest margin of profits. Then, if a customer did not find what he wanted at one stall, he would go to others until he found what he wanted for his table.
"Again, we say, we should a good market house. If any person or persons want to put up one under the above suggestions we guarantee them the Council will act upon the plan we have offered." From the Crowley Signal and in the Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
Major J. G. Lee, State commissioner of agriculture, was in Lafayette Thursday or the purpose of making arrangements to hold a farmers' institute in Lafayette. After a conference with the Police Jury it was decided to hold the meeting or institute on the 18th day of June and to have it jointly with the Summer Normal now in session. Major Lee informed The Gazette that probably Hon. Jno. Dymond and Prof. Caldwell would be here on that day to deliver addresses on subjects of vital interest to the farmers. Messrs. Alfred Hebert and R. C. Greig have been appointed a committee to make suitable arrangement or the meeting. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
THE SUMMER NORMAL
Is Organized - Daily Sessions Held in the High School Building.
According to the announcement previously made the summer normal was opened in the High School building Monday morning. Nearly all the seats in the school rooms were occupied by the teachers and people of the town. The members of the faculty, Profs. Smith, Keeny, Trudeau and Miss Lewis were present. Superintendent C. F. Latiolais was also on hand and helped to organize the school.
Prof. A. L. Smith, who may be called the conductor of the institute, is a bright, genial gentleman, and it takes him but a short time to get around and make every one feel at home. Prof. Smith is a native of Illinois and was educated at Knox College and after the complete of his studies he went to Chicago and attended the normal school in that city. Eleven years ago he came South and was employed to teach at the Natchitoches Normal School. He still is a valuable member of the faculty of that well-known institution. He was married to an estimable lady of the historic old town some years ago and he is now the proud father of a bright little girl. Prof. Smith is one of the most successful institute workers in the State and the teachers of this parish were lucky to get him.
Prof. J. E. Keeny is a hustler. He believes in hard work and when he is about everything must be moving. Prof. Keeny was born near Philadelphia in 1860. He was educated in the public schools of the Quaker City, and at Juniata Normal College and the University of Ohio. Prof. Keeny taught in the country and city schools of his native State five years. After Pennsylvania he located in Kansas, remaining in the Sunflower State four years. He then came to Louisiana and took charge of the Monroe High School.
He stayed there until he accepted a position as principal of the Lake Charles High School, which is one of the most flourishing in the State. Prof. Keeny is thoroughly familiar with institutes and normal schools, having pursued that line of educational work in Pennsylvania, Kansas and Louisiana. During the last two months he represented State Institute Conductor Himes in St. Charles, Vernon, Caddo and Calcasieu parishes.
Miss Henrietta Lewis, who, with Prof. Trudeau, has charge of the model school, is a native of New Orleans where she graduated from the public schools. Miss Lewis took a post-graduate course at the State Normal School in which institution she has been employed as teacher. For the last three years she has done normal work. Miss Lewis is the ideal teacher for what is known as the model school. Although this department has not enrolled as many pupils as was promised, the work of classifying is about complete and everything is going on in earnest. The model school as for its mission the presentation of certain principles of teaching. There are some forty children taken from the first, second, third and fourth grades, and, strange as it may seem, two teachers do the whole work and on one is idle for minute. A little republic, as it were, where the youngest children absorb ideas of citizenship, learn to be kind and polite, and at the same time learn in a pleasing way, to read, write, cipher, recite, drill, etc. Good teachers are needed all along the line of the profession, but skillful teachers are becoming more and more in demand for this primary work. Prof. Trudeau and Miss Lewis have already made a success of it, and their efforts can not fail to be fruitful of happy results. All progressive educators are of the opinion that much of the difficulty and unpleasantness o the teacher's work would be removed if children were properly taught from the first. Hence the desirability of the model school.
Monday morning the work of organizing the institute was concluded. The following persons registered and entered the classes: Miss Mary Rader, Miss F. S. Greig, Miss Lizzie Mudd, Miss Clye Mudd, Miss Kate Rand, Miss M. L. Bagnal, Miss Gertrude Abbott, Miss Anna Campbell, Miss Lilia Olivier, Miss Emily Olivier, Miss Agnes Guilbeau, Miss Stella Guilbeau, Mrs. Mary C. Boutte, Miss Anna Hopkins, Mrs. R. M. Delany, Miss Mary Webb, Miss Lula Kelly, Miss Maggie Bagnal, Miss Mattie Hunter, Miss Aimee Mouton, Miss A. Martin, Miss Laura Martin, Miss Bertha Richard, Miss Bessie Cunningham, Miss Louisa Tolson, Miss Rosebud Farmer; Philip Martin, C. A. Boudreaux, Ovey Comeau, J. C. Martin, J. C. Martin, F. Crepin, W. G. Webb, H. C. Wallis, R. H. Broussard, I. R. Simmons, Theo. J. Breaux, R. E. Cunningham, H. E. Roll, Richard Chargois, A. J. Dupuis, F. P. Rust, G. H. Always, J. P. Hoffpauir, F. Sterling Mudd, Robert McFaddin, Charlie Jaufroid, J. L. Fletchet, Hugh C. Wallis.
The hours of the forenoon were taken up with the work of organizing. Profs. Smith and Keeny made a few remarks to explain the workings and purpose of summer normal. Before adjourning Superintendent Latiolais informed the teachers and all others present that they were expected to meet at Falk's Hall at 8 o'clock where and when a reception would be given in honor of the visitors.
The reception at night was well attended. Quite a large number of ladies were present and made the reception a delightful affair.
Prof. Trudeau spoke briefly and to the point. he stated that as Superintendent Latiolais was absent on account of illness in his family he acted in his stead. The professor was followed by Hon. Chas. D. Caffery, who delivered an eloquent address of welcome to the teachers. He said:
"Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen - In the name of our local authorities and in fact for all the people of this community, I extend to the teachers from the Normal school and other teachers of the public schools of the State, here assembled, a most cordial welcome.
"Your mission here is to hold a term of school wherein teachers are taught the art of teaching, and when we know this, we ask to know no more; we say welcome, thrice welcome ! to our midst.
"The work in which you are engaged is to my mind the most important, ay ! the most vital to society and to the world of any other but one in which civilized man in engaged, and for that reason, if for no other, we rejoice because of your coming.
"You belong to the educational department of government; you are engaged in educational work, and there is no calling that ought more certainly to command the regard of all other people. The work of educating the young and the development of plans having that end in view, is an issue of world-wide and growing importance. The agitation of that issue, and the discussion of ways and means to achieve success in this broad field of labor, has achieved and will continue to receive the attention of thoughtful men everywhere, but especially in these United States.
"It may seem to some, stale and flat, if not unprofitable, to argue the importance of education this time, but if there is one thing above another that should combine enthusiasm with steady, unremitting thought, it is how shall the youth of this land be educated. It is a fact, however, most encouraging to you and all others engaged in your calling, that the truth is spreading, that the educated man will lead his uneducated brother is every walk of life, whether it be the farmer plowing his fields or the soldier fighting in the ranks.
"The educational system of this State, vastly improved in the past few years, is still far in the rear of some other States of this Union. Our teachers are poorly paid, our school houses are miserably furnished, and in point of architecture, are barn-like affairs that reflect no credit upon the people. The reason of it all would seem to me to be that we have not come to appreciate to the fullest extent that the burdens o government rest more easily upon those who pursue a liberal policy in this direction. It is as certain to me as any thing can be, if we give more for hospitals and asylums. Paradoxical it may see, but true it is, that if we give more for all purposes. Money spent for good schoolhouses and well paid teachers, is better than paying expenses in criminal cases, and it we do the one we, to a large extent, escape the other."
Prof. A. L. Smith responded on behalf of the teachers. Prof. Smith is a bright and original speaker and, as usual, he entertained the audience with apt illustrations and splendid argument.
The affair concluded with a pretty selection on the piano executed by Miss Lizzie Mudd.
Tuesday morning the teachers began to work in earnest. Everyone had a note-book and a pencil and the room was as busy as a bee hive.
After several attempts "America" was sung with enough life and melody to suit Prof. Smith, who is an advocate of opening exercise.
The question, "Are Opening Exercises Beneficial ?" was pronounced and left for further debate on the morrow. It was understood that religious beliefs would be eliminated from the discussions.
The subject of local history was next taken up. The fact was brought out that the first settlement was about two and one half miles from the present town on the plantation of a Mr. Martin, bought from Indians, to whom Mr. Martin paid two blankets and some sort of coffee pot, showing how little the Indians realized the value of land. Quite an interesting discussion on Indians was then indulged in, which proved that only a few real Indians now exist in Louisiana and these were dying off fast. It was established as a fact that Indians often visited their mounds, some which are to be found in the country around Lafayette. It was agreed that the town of Lafayette was first begun at Pin Hook bridge, but on account of religious differences this settlement did not prosper. In 1822 Mr. Jean Mouton, father of Governor Mouton, gave a grant of land whereupon to build a court-house, church and school house. Among the first planters in the parish were the following: Messrs. Boudreaux, Breaux, Landry, Thibodaux, Babinaux and Martin. Several buildings were named as being the oldest in the town.
The next thing was the reading and criticism of Longfellow's "Courtship of Miles Standish." The balance of the day was devoted to discussions of subject in grammar, geography and arithmetic.
Wednesday the same subject were discussed. Teachers showed that they were discussed. Teachers showed that they were getting accustomed to the work and the exchange of opinions and ideas was quite interesting. Several facts of historical interest were presented. The rest of the day was taken up with same studies as the day before.
The normal will last until the 26th day of June. The working hours are from 8:30 to 1 p. m.
Miss Clara Baer of New Orleans will give lessons next week in physical culture.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
The men and women who pursue the noble occupation of making good and worthy citizens of our boys and girls are with us since Monday. They are here to learn so that they may teach to others. This is their mission in Lafayette, and The Gazette is pleased to be able to state that they have begun to work under the most auspicious circumstances, for, from all appearances, much good will be accomplished by the normal which was opened in the High School building Monday morning.
We all know that the public school teacher is not, as a rule, blessed with a ponderous bank account and that his chances to amass a fortune are painfully slim, and being aware of it as well as we are, we should be willing to accord the teacher his share of praise for the generosity and public-spirit which he displays in giving his time and money in that order that he may be better fitted to perform his work in the school-room.
Under the able direction of Prof. A. L. Smith, J. E. Keeny, C. F. Trudeau and Miss Henrietta Lewis, all able and experienced teachers, the normal can not fail to be the means of enhancing the cause of public education in this parish and of impressing upon the minds of our local educators the wisdom of adopting the most advanced methods of modern pedagogy.
Lafayette has been the scene of large gatherings before, but never in its history has it been honored with the presence of men and women who are entitled to more kindly consideration and heartier welcome at the hands of its citizens.
The Gazette repeats the words of welcome so well spoken by Mayor Caffery at Falk's Hall Monday night,
The Gazette greets you, ladies and gentlemen ! It wishes you a profitable season and a pleasant stay.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
MISS BOAS' SCHOOL
Will Give its Annual Exhibition on Friday, June 18.
The exhibition of Miss Boas' School will take place on the 18th of June. The exhibition consists principally of instrumental and vocal music. The program has been selected with taste and judgment and it is safe to say that under the direction of Misses Boas and McCord, its rendition will show intelligent and efficient work. It requires hard work to make a success of a school exhibition, but Misses Boas and McCord have already demonstrated their ability in this line of work. After the performance there will be a dance. Refreshments will be served and all who attend will be offered every opportunity to have a good time. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
The Gazette does not believe railroads are the enemies of the people. They are, on the contrary, necessary to the advancement and prosperity of communities, but they should not be permitted to enjoy undue privileges.
There is a tendency in Louisiana to-day to give the railroad companies which they take the trouble to ask for. The Gazette does not know of an instance where a railroad corporation in this State wanted something and failed to get it.
Several times attempts were made to pass a railroad commission, but without success. At every session of the General Assembly some legislation is proposed, but the matter is always smother by a committee that is appointed for that purpose.
The Shreveport Journal is authority for the statement that Louisiana gets less tax on railway property than any State of the Union. The various Boards of Equalizers have held meeting in the different districts and have agreed in most cases, to assess mainlines $6,500 per mile. On the assessment of the Louisiana Western's road a reduction of $500 was made and a like diminution was made on the V., S. & P.
The Journal in commending upon the evident determination of the Assessing Boards to have the railroad companies pay as little as possible, says:
"For instance the Texas and Pacific runs over the track of the V., S. & P. to Waskon which is on the State line. That twenty miles of track from Shreveport is assessed at $6,000 on the other side of the line the road continues to Marshall and the authorities asses the track at $11,400 per mile. The country is poorer, the business and receipts from that track are scarce, a tenth of the twenty miles on the Louisiana side, but the charity works one year and some other political plan will work the next, simply because the railroad lobby attends the Legislature and looks after the railroad interests, while no one looks after the interests of the people.
The V., S. & P. crosses the Mississippi at Vicksburg; from Monroe to Vicksburg the road runs through an exceedingly rich country. On the other side of the river the road continues to Meridian through as poor a hill country as can be found anywhere, yet the Mississippi assessment is $20,000 per mile. Few of the railroads operating in Louisiana pay an assessment whatever on rolling stock. Express companies and Pullman pay none. Our legislators are too busy riding up and down the roads on free passes, and the executive department is too busy looking after some little ward combine, while these great companies go untaxed and the people must make up the difference.
We agree with the Journal that the system of assessing the railroads should be changed. It is entirely too easy for the railroad companies to control the Assessing Boards. The parish assessor is the proper person to assess railway lines. Should he fail to see that be performs his duty without fear of favor.
The editor of The Gazette attended three meetings of Assessing Boards held at Lafayette during the last three years and he regrets to say that every time it was very easy for the railroad company to carry its points.
The commissioners who were disposed to act fairly were always in a hopeless minority, and the Southern Pacific was represented on the floor by shrewd and smooth artists. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
Judge Clegg Receives Kudos.
The many friends in Lafayette of Judge John Clegg will be glad to read the following compliment paid him by the N. O. Times-Democrat. In the account of the trial before the United States court of the bank wreckers, Gardes, Gerault and Underwood, Judge Clegg figures very prominently as one of the attorneys for the defense. Judge Clegg is a man of recognized ability and with his knowledge of the law and splendid adroitness he is sure to achieve success at the bar. This is what the T. D. says of him:
Judge Clegg is coolest look-man in the bunch. He never loses his temper, his suavity of cross-examining witnesses, of any material point of the case. He is here, there and everywhere, always looking out for what might help his client and putting everybody in a good humor with his quiet sallies. Judge Clegg is an ideal defense attorney, and even in his dealings with the hardest witnesses handles his questions with such deftness and with so manifest a desire to be fair to the witness that he manages to get some concession in favor of his position. He puts a witness at his safe, does not try to browbeat him, and uses a knowledge of human nature instead of a club dealing with men.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
Nearly all the stores in the town are closed at 7 o'clock in the evening, an agreement to that effect having been arrived at by the merchants. At first a few kicked and refused to close, but we are informed that the recalcitrant ones have fallen into line and the 7 o'clock rule will be observed during the summer months. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
Mr. Chas. L. Voorhies has contracted with the Gillet Gin Company of Amite City to supervise in this section. Mr. Voorhies has just put up gins for Messrs. P. B. Roy, Alex Delhomme, A. C. Guilbeau and he is now putting one up for Mrs. Leon Billeaud.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
A Farewell Party.
A very enjoyable social affair was the farewell soiree given at the pretty hone of Mr. and Mrs. C. H. Lusted, Jr., last Monday evening upon the occasion of the departure for Europe of Mr. Chas. Lusted, Sr., to visit his aged mother who is critically ill in England. The Lusted home was tastily decorated, excellent music and delicious refreshments had been procured and there was nothing to be desired. Laurence H. Kenner entertained all present with some beautiful recitations, and Miss Ruth Huff, Mr. Chas. Lusted, Sr., and Mr. Walter Chachere treated them to some pretty songs. Before leaving every one wished Mr. Lusted a pleasant trip across the ocean and an early return to the States.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
A Pleasant Affair.
The Ladies' Five O'clock Tea Club was most pleasantly entertained at the home of Mrs. J. G. Parkerson, who was assisted in receiving by Misses L. Parkerson, who was assisted in receiving by Misses L. Parkerson, V. Kelly and Mrs. C. M. Parkerson, and most charming hostesses were these ladies. This afternoon being the first Thursday of the month was transacted. A duet from Gustav Lang was ably executed by Mrs. B. Clegg and Miss L. Mudd. An amusing selection entitled "An Irishman's Letter," provoked much laughter. Mrs. E. J. Trahan, read "They Say, Ah ! Well Suppose They Do," and the beauty of thought in this poem was observed by all. Mrs. Darling sang in a touching manner, "Daddy," a song full of pathos.
Progressive croquet was the game of the afternoon, and a pretty sight was the lawn, as the contestants in their light summer dresses flitted from one side to the other in search of flying balls. The prize, a lovely cream pitcher of delf pattern, was won by Mrs. Biossat.
Delightful refreshments were greatly enjoyed, the tempting manner in which they were served being an appetizer.
Miss Lewis of the Summer Normal faculty, was an honored guest on this occasion. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
A Warm Game.
There will be a warm game of base ball at Oak Avenue Park to-morrow. The Washington boys will have to show if they are the proper people to enjoy the enviable distinction which they won the other days by defeating the Lafayette boys. The gate to the park will be opened immediately after the arrival of the excursion train from New Orleans. There will be all kinds of refreshments on the grounds during the afternoon. Admission will be 25 cents for men and 10 cents for boys. The ladies will not be charged any admission. The game will be played for a wager of $50. Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
City Council Proceedings.
Lafayette, La., May 24, 1897.
The Council met this evening in special session with the following members present: Mayor Caffery, Ducote, LeBlanc, Falk, Biossat. Absent: Trahan, O. C. Mouton and Leo Doucet.
The mayor stated as the commissions had been received by the newly elected Council, this meeting has called for the closing of the out-going Council's business.
The following accounts were approved.
Lafayette Gazette, 4th quarter printing...$18.75.
Baxter Clegg, clerk election May 3...$3.00.
C. D. Caffery, salary mayor, 6 mos. ending May 19, 1897.
I. A. Broussard, officer election...$5.00
Secretary authorized to issue Moss & Mouton warrant when money in treasury to cover.
The mayor then said:
"Before declaring the meeting adjourned it is well to note that the teem of office of members of this Council will soon come to an end ; in a few words I desire to point out that you have discharged the duties incumbent upon you in your official capacity faithfully and well. You have given valuable services to the public and you have received nothing in return in the way of salary, but I am sure you most have the approval of your own consciences, and all fair-minded men will admit that you have served the public interest and none other."
There being no further business the Council adjourned.
C. D. CAFFERY, Mayor.
B. CLEGG, Secretary.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
Selected News Notes (Gazette) 6/5/1897.
A picnic was given at Chargois' springs under the auspices of the Mystic Club, an organization composed of young men of the town. All report having had a good time.
A matinee will be given to-morrow on the convent grounds for the benefit of the excursionists and all others who will attend. Refreshments will be served. Admission to the matinee will be 25 cents.
On Monday night, June 7, the sisters of Mount Carmel convent will give an entertainment, to which an admission price of 25 cents will be charged. There will be no reserve seats.
There is nothing more refreshing than a glass of Hire's root beer served at the Moss Pharmacy soda fountain.
Profs. A. L. Smith and R. E. Cunningham are registered at the Cottage Hotel.
Judge Julian Mouton has been holding court at Alexandria.
Judge Debaillon has rendered his decision in the celebrated horn case. The judgment allows Mr. Elliot the damages sued for.
Mrs. Edward Mouton has removed from her plantation to town and has opened a private boarding house in the Orleans Hotel building.
L. P. Serrett, day operator at the Southern Pacific depot, left Tuesday for Algiers to fill the office of dispatcher. During his absence he is replaced by Alex Vanderoes, and E. W. Chase has taken the place of the latter as night operator.
Dorestan Fruge who is charge with the stealing of Mr. Roger's horse, was released on bail this week. Fruge returned to his home in St. Landry.
A large crowd is expected on the excursion to-morrow. There will be several places where the excursionists may spend the day. They may go to the convent grounds, the Oak Avenue Park and Falk's Hall.
Mr. Felix Demanade is repairing the front of his store.
Lafayette Gazette 6/5/1897.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of June 5th, 1908:
MISS DUPRE WILL RETURN.
The many friends of Miss Edith Dupre will be pleased to learn that the rumor that she was to leave her position in the Industrial Institute here to accept a similar position at Ruston is entirely false. Miss Dupre had received several overtures from Ruston through friends who are anxious to have her there, with suggestions of a much higher salary than she had received here; but Miss Dupre had by no means seriously considered leaving her old place in Lafayette with which her entire career as a teacher has been identified and to which she feels bound by every sense of loyalty and attachment. It was understood that when she left last year for a year's study in Cornell University it was only upon leave of absence and that her position was being retained here and held meanwhile by a substitute teacher.
Only the most flattering offer from another school would have been sufficient to justify her in severing her connections here, and in no case would she have done so without a full understanding with the authorities of the Institute here - who naturally would not easily have consented to her leaving.
During the month of June Miss Dupre will teach in the Summer Normal School being held at Alexandria. She is to be congratulated upon having been chosen to do work, and is especially to be congratulated upon having taken her Master's degree at Cornell University. Lafayette Advertiser 6/5/1908.