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Monday, January 12, 2015

**NOVEMBER 2ND - M C

From the Lafayette Advertiser of November 2nd, 1904:



INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTE.



First Month's Work Very Gratifying. All Departments Full of Earnest Workers.

 Military Drill by Prof. Gayle, Finds High Favor with Students - Program For Boy's Dormitory. - Athletic Association Doing Good Work.
 To the Lafayette Advertiser:

 The first month's work at the Southwestern Louisiana Industrial Institute is in every way gratifying to the friends and patrons of the school. It has afforded time and opportunity to settle down to complete and thorough organization, regular duties, and good work in all departments.

 The student body consists of about two hundred boys and girls ranging in age from fourteen to twenty-nine.

 The day's work begins at 8:40 a. m. and comes to an end at 3:20 p. m. Between these hours the school greatly resembles a hive of bees. In the sewing room and in the cooking school is a busy throng of happy faced workers. Nimble fingers ply the needle, weave baskets and make artistic designs. In the cooking school are equally happy faced girls busily engaged in compounding dishes to tickle the appetite of the ungentler sex. Verily, future generations of men will rise up and bless the work conducted by the Domestic Science Department.

 But other departments are equally busy and equally crowded. The Library is a room that never fails to attract notice. Here the students spend their study hour. Here the librarian quickly and noiselessly supplies the wants of the students and supervises them at their study. Here are to be seen the principal magazines and periodicals together with the New Orleans dailies and the principal country papers of the State.

 The work shop too presents a scene of activity. The youthful blacksmith at his forge, the carpenter at his bench, the cabinet maker over his piece of furniture, all animated with intelligent zeal, all exemplifying the fact that the industrial needs of our State bid fair to be supplied and its industrial development promoted by a citizenship whose education  and intelligence are reinforced by a practical knowledge of trades and industries.

 And so the Telegraphy Department and the Stenography and Typewriting Department, and the Commercial Department; each supplements the academic education by giving the students a knowledge of something by which he may earn a livelihood after he leaves school.

 Not the least interesting of the day's program is the drill hour. While the young ladies are taking their physical culture lesson in the Gymnasium under the skilled supervision of Miss McLaurin, the teacher of physical culture, the boys are given a military drill by Mr. Gayle, the science teacher, who received his training at the Louisiana State University at Baton Rouge.

 It is wonderful what one month of this drill has done for the student body or corps of cadets as they are beginning to be called. From a conglomerate mass of one hundred and fifteen or twenty raw and untrained, awkward, gawky boys who could scarcely keep step with themselves, much less each other, they have been metamorphosed into soldierly, firm-stepping, steady nerved young men who are fast becoming quick, alert and graceful.

 Squads with squad commanders were first evolved and then from these squads have grown four companies whose complement of officers is gradually being chosen from those whose strong character, natural aptitude, and fitness to command, recommend them to the eye of the commandant. The very idea of being in line, of keeping in step, of going through military evolutions, has had its effect. Round shoulders are being held back, heads are being held erect, and chests are unconsciously thrown out. So great is the success of the drill and its effect is so far exceeding the most sanguine expectations that uniforms are a strong probability for the near future. The uniform commends itself both on account of its neatness and its cheapness. One uniform costing $12.00 or $15.00 will with care last a year while the average student will wear out two or three suits of ordinary clothing.

 The Boys' Dormitory is fast becoming the cynosure of all eyes and the special envy of the town boys. In the dormitory the organization is complete, a captain, two lieutenants, five sergeants, four corporals, an adjutant, a quarter-master, a sergeant major and quarter-master sergeant complete the list of those who with commandant and assistant commandant rule supreme. One officer is detailed each day for duty as officer of the day and for that day he is next in authority to the commandant. It is his duty to receive all reports, to report all breaches of the regulations, and to hold the other officers of the building responsible for the order throughout. So thorough is the system of checks and counter checks that the offender in any case is brought quickly and summarily to justice. The boys rise at 6:00 a. m. prepare their room for inspection by 6:30, breakfast at 7:40 and march over to the main building at 8:40. The study hour is from 7 to 10 p. m. and from 6:30 to 7:40 a. m. During this time frequent inspections are made to see that students are in their room and at study.

 The recreation period is from 3:20 to 5:30 p. m. During this time the foot ball team and the lovers of the sport practice on the gridiron. One of the recent acquisitions for the team is a dummy for practice in tackling. On the breast of this dummy are painted the initials of one of the Institute's most formidable rival teams, and the way the boys tackle it would make their friends the enemy shiver. The football team is the strongest the Institute has ever had and the boys are practicing hard to make a good showing this season. The team is assigned to a special training table and takes a mile run every morning as an appetizer for breakfast. Every candidate for the team has to undergo a medical examination so the possibility of an accident is reduced to the minimum.

 The school spirit of the students is beginning to show itself in a number of ways. The Athletic Association has a large and enthusiastic membership. The Attakapas and Avatar Literary Societies are making a record for the uniform excellence of their programs. The student body is unanimous in the movement for the re-issue of The Vermilion, the paper published by and in the interest of the student body.

 The earnestness of purpose which characterizes the students at the Institute this year is remarkable. The mobility of honest labor is the watch word. The old idea, that labor is dishonorable, that has so long retarded the growth of our country has no place in the minds of the students. This is evidenced by the fact that five working scholarships have been established and five boys are making their way through school by their own labor. This movement for working scholarships but recently inaugurated has met with such marked success that others will be established as opportunity offers. The young men who hold these scholarships at present rank high in moral and intellectual worth and have the respect and admiration of both students and faculty.

 The next student that successfully enters the Industrial Institute will be number 200 on the roll, the number having reached 199 during the week just past. The outlook is for a continued growth in the attendance and for a successful year. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.






Strong Plea for Children's Welfare.


 The audience which greeted Prof. B. C. Caldwell at the court-house Monday was not very large, but it was a representative one, including many ladies.

 Dr. Stephens acted as master of ceremonies, and in introducing the speaker, gave a brief sketch of Prof. Caldwell's entrance into educational work, and then explained the subject to be discussed and offered some reasons why as a school man he favored the million dollar amendment. He closed by introducing Prof. Caldwell who began by expressing his pleasure in speaking to a Lafayette audience and stating that he felt among friends to whom he could talk with confidence. He paid a number of fine compliments to the people here in recalling his successive visits to this parish, and expressed the belief that his hearers would credit whatever he had to say on the bond issue solely to his sincere desire to further the welfare of the children. He was no politician, nor financier and in regard to the two principal objections, that the million dollar bond issue would cost $2,000,000 or would further the political fortunes of some person or persons, he did not feel himself competent to speak. Either contention might or might not be true; but as far as he was concerned he was willing to grant what the extremists on both sides contended, he would simply consider the question from the standpoint of a school man, who had the interests of the quarter of a million school children for whom there was no school whose birth right as American citizens entitled them to the full privilege and advantages accorded every other child or citizen. The bond issue might cost $2,000,000 - but he did not believe it would - but granted it did - IT WAS WORTH IT. To have a million dollars in one sum cash, NOW, to build 1000 school houses to take care of the 110,000 white children who had no house to go to school in, to open to their minds the world's treasure house of knowledge, to transform them into intelligent citizens, to equip them for the 20th century struggle for a livelihood was worth it.

 He then spoke of the character of more than 75 per cent of the rural school houses, giving examples that went straight to the hearts of those present. He told the arduous and difficult efforts of some little children to reach a school house over streams and water and miry roads and the school house - a sheep shed. He told of another case where nineteen children, taught by an earnest young boy of 17, went to school on a back gallery of a piney woods house, and how when it rained, the little fellows were forced to take shelter in the only available room of the house, which was occupied by a man emaciated and sick unto death with consumption. It was the best that could be done, but it was pitiful to take those rosy, bright, innocent children into the impure, contagious atmosphere at the risk of poisoning their sound bodies with the dread destroyer. This might be an extreme case, but in hundreds and hundreds of cases the miserable cabins used exposed the children to colds, catarrh, pneumonia and death, and the hard, ill-shaped benches meant curvature of the spine, depressed chests, poor breathing and diseased lungs. And even at $2,000,000 it would only cost $20 a child. "Is your child worth $20?" asked Prof. Caldwell. The continued declaring that $20 would not buy his child, nor his neighbor's, nor did he believe for one moment that any mother or father present would sell his or her child for $20.00n nor 20 times $20 nor for any price. He then spoke of our duty to our own children and our neighbors. That every child in Louisiana was entitled to as good as our own children got. It was his birth right, and a sacred obligation on every parent in the State to give him his birth right, to awaken his soul to the beauties and knowledge of the world, to train his mind and hands to meet the struggle of existence of the 20th century and open his little heart to a love of fellow man and to his little heart to a love of fellow man and to high citizenship.

 Prof. Caldwell's talk was a moving plea throughout to think of the necessities of the children now, the 110,000 white children to whom the opportunities of school are shut, because there is no school house, a plea for the little children the boys and girls, whose bodies and health are subjected to deformity and wreck by the unsanitary houses and and furniture of 75 per cent of our rural schools. It is not a question of cost, for whether it be a million or two millions, it is worth it, all of it, to save the growing children, was the plea of the speaker. We regret not being able to give his address in full, for it was masterly one from the position of a school man and greathearted lover of the little children.

 Prof. Caldwell is deeply interested in the carrying of this bond amendment and until election day will continue to plead with the people to vote for it for the children's sake.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.




SUPT. ASWELL
Shows Pressing Need of Money for School Houses. - A Large Number of Parishes Do Not Own a Single One. - The Business Aspect of the Bond Issue Discussed - He Asserts That the Parish Boards Will Distribute the Money.

 An Advertiser reporter, learning that Supt. Aswell was in town yesterday morning, called on him at the Crescent News Hotel, and requested an interview on the bond issue for publications, which he granted as follows:

 "There is a great and commanding need of more school houses. I have personally in 47 parishes and I know the need exists. I have not found a parish that does not need a great deal of money now to build and equip its school houses. Seventy-five per cent of the country school houses are unceiled, uncomfortable and unattractive wooden boxes. In many places the peoples are forced to use churches and lodge buildings. A LARGE NUMBER OF PARISHES DO NOT OWN A SINGLE SCHOOL HOUSE. ONE OF THE GREATEST AND RICHEST PARISHES OF THE STATE OWNS WONE SCHOOL HOUSE AND IT WAS BUILT LAST YEAR BY ISSUING BONDS.

 "The question before the people to-day is this: The school houses must be built; shall we take cash from the pockets of the people that is worth 8 per cent and build the school houses, or shall we borrow the money at 3 per cent and thus save 5 per cent? In the country parishes the bonds are 3 per cent bonds and nothing more, because money to any country bank is worth 8 per cent, and the bank whose money is worth 8 per cent will not consider it a business proposition to invest it these bonds, for at best the bonds will not pay over 5.9 per cent including the nontaxable feature. It is clear, therefore, that the bonds will be bought in large centers of wealth and not by small capitalists anywhere.

 "Again the surplus accruing to the interest tax fund is ample to pay the $30,000 interest on the school bonds without increasing the tax rate. It will not cost the people an extra cent, as we are already paying the constitutional limit of 6 mills. This surplus on the interest tax fund is appropriated by the Legislature; at its discretion, the Legislature may or may not appropriate this surplus to the schools. Vote the bond amendment and $30,000 of it will be directed to the schools.

 "I am prepared to say that whatever may be said to the contrary that the State Board of Education will spend every cent of the money obtained from the bond issue, should the measure be ratified, through the parish school boards in exactly the same manner as the general fund is now distributed.

 "I am deeply concerned because of the imperative need of the school houses. No plan better than the bond issue has been proposed to meet this need. There are to-day 110,000 white children not in any school, public or private. Good school houses and wholesome environments will draw these children to the school. A school house fund provided will enable the parish authorities to expend all their school revenues for the payment of teachers' salaries and the lengthening of the school term. I do not understand why any man in Louisiana, and especially in the country, could oppose the bond issue. It is a cause noble and righteous, a measure in the interest of the children, and, I believe, in the wisdom and justice of the people." Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.      




THE LEADING QUESTION.

In point of general good and lasting benefits no other question now before the people of Louisiana can compare in importance with the proposed million dollar bond issue in aid of the public school system of the State.

 The whole world has come to regard the school house as the most practical and potent agency for the advancement of progress and civilization, and our best men and women realize that remains to be done to raise the common school system of Louisiana to that high plane of efficiency and usefulness that will insure the largest benefits to the whole people.

 The improvements in our educational system has been steady in past years, but the progress has been very slow because of a lack of funds, and the material advancement and general prosperity of Louisiana has been correspondingly retarded.

 Thousands of the men and women of to-day in our beloved State have been seriously handicapped in the race of life because they were deprived of all educational advantages in their childhood, and by this means and because of a want of more general enlightenment of the masses of the people of Louisiana have suffered a loss in prestige, affluence and material prosperity beyond computation.

 The benefits of education are too well known to require any argument, and the pressing need of more extended and more complete school facilities for the masses is admitted on all sides. The only question, then, is what means may they employ to multiply the benefits of education in the most expeditious manner? Money is what is needed to do this - money to be transformed into virtuous and thrifty manhood and womanhood, and higher citizenship.

 The most feasible and immediately effective plan for providing the money is offered by the school bond amendment now before the people of Louisiana for their adoption or rejection. This school bond plan offers the largest amount of returns to the people of the State, and the minimum amount of objectionableness. The returns will be direct and immediate without making any demands whatsoever on the finances of anybody.

 The proposition is simple enough for anyone to understand and does not present a single serious or valid objection, and the intelligent voter should think and act for himself in deciding the question and not allow himself to be influenced against such a beneficent measure by its political opponents, or by those who may be opposed to the amendment through ignorance or the subject, or by persons laboring under erroneous impressions or an honest misapprehension of the true facts.

 The million dollars and more that will be realized from the school bonds will be prorated among the parishes in Louisiana according to the number of educable children in each parish, and the amount of money allotted to various parishes will be paid by the State into the treasury of each parish to be controlled and disbursed by the Parish School Board in building and equipping school houses. The debt thus contracted by the State will be paid, PRINCIPAL and INTEREST, out of the surplus fund which is all the time accumulating in the State treasury, and without the necessity of increasing the present rate of taxation which is limited to 6 mills by the constitution.

 A ready million dollars in one lump sum NOW, will accomplish more in two years for the advancement of the educational interests and material prosperity of Louisiana than could be accomplished in ten or twenty years under present or other ordinary methods.

 No fair-minded man who will study the whole proposition in a dispassionate way, and who has the true welfare of his State at heart and feels a vestige of sympathy and consideration for the thousands of little children now knocking in vain for admission at our school houses, and whose lives would be as greatly brightened and helped by the issuance of those school bonds, can do otherwise and his vote in favor of the amendment. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.



Foot Ball Season of the Institute.

 The present season bids fair to be a most successful one for foot ball at the Institute. The team is getting in some hard practice and games have been scheduled with Franklin in Franklin for Nov. 4, with Lake Charles High School at Lafayette for Nov. 12, with Crowley for Nov. 19, with Lake Charles at Lake Charles on Nov. 24, Leesville on Nov. 25, and Tulane Junior team on Dec. 23. Other games are being arranged with Napoleonville, New Iberia, and Jeanerette. The following men make up the team: Chiasson, Capt. Talbot, Siadous, McNeese, Linstrom, Hausen, Prosser, Billeau Boudreau, Landry, Bacon, McNaspy, White and Basseau.

 The team will leave for Franklin next Friday and will play the first game of the season at that place.

 The most exciting and likely the closest game of the season will be played with Lake Charles High School on Nov. 12.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.



COMMITTEES APPOINTED
To Assist in Reception and Entertainment of the State Teacher's Association.
  A large number of members of the various committees appointed to assist in the reception and entertainment of the State Teacher's Association, which meets here Dec. 27-29, met at the court house Monday afternoon by request of the chairman, Dr. Stephens, who called them together to outline the duties of each committee. Prof. Caldwell being present was invited to make a talk which he did in his usual happy manner and exactly appropriate to the occasion. The following are the full committees.

 Reception Committee. - Hon. P. L. DeClouet, chairman; Judge Julian Mouton, Mr. Aurelien Olivier, Judge C. Debaillon, Hon. Overton Cade, Dr. A. O. Clark, Hon. J. Gilbert St. Julien, Mr. Crow Girard, Mr. Wm. Clegg, Mr. M. Billeaud Jr., Col. G. A. Breaux, Rev. J. D. Harper, Dr. J. P. Francez, Dr. W. W. Lessley, Dr. R. O. Young, J. O. Broussard.

 Ways and Means. - C. D. Caffery, chairman; C. O. Mouton, B. N. Coronna, I. A. Broussard, J. C. Nickerson, E. G. Voorhies, J. A. Roy, Wm. Campbell, Pierre Landry, A. Judice, O. Begneaud, Dr. A. R. Trahan.

 Board Lodging and Entertainment. - Dr. N. P. Moss, chairman; Dr. J. A. Martin, Prof. E. F. Gayle, Supt. L. J. Alleman, Felix Salles, T. M. Biossat.

 Committee Local Transportation. - L. Lacoste; chairman; F. V. Mouton, J. J. Mouton, O. B. Hopkins, A. E. Mouton, Andre Martin, J. R. Domengeaux.

 Excursion to Salt Mine. - Dr. F. E. Girard, chairman; F. E. Davis, Dr. F. J. Mayer, C. C. Mallard, C. W. Owen, Dr. F. R. Tolson.

 Music. - Prof. F. Sontag, chairman; P. Voorhies, Mrs. F. V. Mouton, Miss Lucille Revillon, Miss Leah Gladu.

 Advertising and Printing. - Prof. R. C. Greig, chairman; Jerome Mouton, Prof. E. F. Gayle, W. A. LeRosen, L. W. Mayer, W. J. Avery.

 Social Entertainment and Refreshments. - Mrs. F. E. Davis, chairman; Mr. S. R. Parkerson, Leo Judice, Miss M. C. Riis, Mrs. P. D. Beraud, Mrs. F. Demanade, Mr. A. A. Morgan, Jr., Dr. G. A. Martin. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.





Bids for Erection of School-House.

I will receive bids for the erection of a schoolhouse in the town of Duson. Plans, etc., may be obtained by calling at my office Saturday, Oct. 29, Monday, 31, and Tuesday, Nov. 1. All bids are to be in my possession before Nov. 3.
         L. J. ALLEMAN, Secretary Building Committee.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.




Coming to Falk's Opera House.

The following attractions have been secured by Manager Meyer for Falk's Opera House and will appear on the dates given, unless circumstances arise to cause a change of date.

Nov. 4 - Daily-Everhart Co.
Nov. 11 - George Klimt's Attraction.
Nov. 14 - Jos. Shipman's Attraction.
Nov. 20 - Last Rose of Summer.
Nov. 30 - A Devil's Lane.
Dec. 4-7 - Ruble Theatrical Company.
Dec. 8 - The Little Homestead.
Dec. 17 - Gordon's Minstrels.
Dec. 20 - George Spruceby.
Dec. 24 - Fabio-Romano Co.
Dec. 30 - Christie Bros. Minstrels.

 Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.




Mouton Sisters Opening. - Mouton sister's opening Wednesday was the event in feminine circles last week. All day ladies from town and from the country visited the store to take a look at the handsome headgear on exhibition, and thoroughly enjoyed the "lovely creations" displayed for their pleasure. The store and show windows were both tastefully decorated and made a pretty back ground to show off the artistic dress hats submitted for inspection or purchase as the visitor chose, and many chose for it was hard to resist the "loves of bonnets," as one enthusiastic lady put it. Pretty little souvenir penholders were given. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.




All Hallow E'en.
 [Baton Rouge Times.]

 Monday night was All Hallow E'en. On this night legendary lore has it that the most occult and mystical happenings are possible. In olden times the eerie doings of elves and goblins were firmly rooted in the minds of men. There is no country on the face of the globe but what has its tales of folk lore in which the spirits and elvin things figure most conspicuously. In this age of matter of fact reason, the customs of past ages are engaged in only as an amusement, and on All Hallow E'en the minds of men and women revert from the things of today and revel in the mysticism of the past.

 Odd and quaint customs for the foretelling of the future are engaged in by the most prosaic of persons, and much amusement is elicited from the various customs resurrected from out of the misty past, when the world was younger and more credulous. In the old moss grown well the maid may see her lover's face and features reflected by the water, if inquiry is made at the opportune moment; in the looking glass the same much sought for revelation may be secured, if the room is dark and the candle properly placed. The peanut shells and their candle freight will float and betoken the longevity of the launcher, and many other strange things may be brought to pass at Hallow E'en. Even to the old, who have lost all their sense of the romantic, it is sweet to turn and enjoy more the pastime of youth at Hallow E'en. To the young, the causal occurrences of plainly natural phenomena are often constructed into another link in the lengthening chain of Love. From the Baton Rouge Times and in the Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.    

   

Hallow E'en Party.

 Monday night Miss Edith Trahan entertained a number of her friends at the charming country home of her parents Mr. and Mrs. J. E. Trahan near Lafayette, at a Hallowe'en Party. The house was appropriately decorated with evergreens and moss and golden rod, and in the corners and round about and in the yard were scary jack o'lanterns, while popping up from unexpected places were ghostly forms in gleaming white to startle the unwary. Here and there hidden about were artificial snakes too, to make the timid shiver and feel the awesomeness of fateful Hallowe'en. Much mirth and merriment were provoked as new arrivals encountered the fearsome things provided, but after all had arrived lively games were started and jolly time enjoyed. Near midnight a dainty supper was served on a table uniquely and appropriately decorated. At each plate pretty souvenirs of the night were placed, which all will preserve as a reminder of a happy Hallowe'en.

 Those present were: Misses Mable Dauterive, Aimee Mouton, Harrtye Shannon, Cora Desbrest, Ruby Scranton, Julie and Challie Tolson, May Bailey, Philomene Doucet, Maxim Beraud, Margaret Ruger, Nene Melancon, Viola Young, Laurence Campbell, and Genevieve Mouton; Messrs. Frank Broussard, Chas. Debaillon, F. E. Nusz, John Odonhoe, T. K. Lewis, Thos. Debaillon, Dr. John Tolson, Fred Voorhies, Pothier Voorhies, George Harris, Middmas, Willie Montgomery, Henry Young, A. Marshall, Dr. B. J. Lacour and Dr. H. P. Beeler. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.




MARRIED.

Wednesday, Oct. 26, Dr. J. Octave Duhon and Miss Odille Smith were married in the Catholic church at Mandeville, the home of the bride. The wedding was very quiet, only a very few intimated friends being present. The ceremony was performed at 5 o'clock in the morning so that they could leave on the 6 a. m. train.

 Dr. Duhon is a native of Lafayette and possesses the high esteem of a host of friends who have known him from childhood. He has only recently entered upon the practice of medicine having finished his medical course about a year ago; but already he has won a fine practice.

 Miss Smith, the bride, has taught several years in the parish near Milton, and during her stay won the love of her pupils and the high esteem both of her patrons and all who had the pleasure of her acquaintance.

 The Advertiser joins with the many friends of the young couple in wishing them all good fortune, and a long, happy life.

 Dr. and Mrs. Duhon are now at home in their handsome new residence in the second ward. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.



To Farmers Around Lafayette.

 The Lafayette Sugar Refining Co., Ltd., wish to increase the home delivery of cane to at least 30,000 tones during the next two years. They are offering liberal terms and inducements to secure this result and are prepared to co-operate with the farmers of this vicinity to build up a permanent and mutually profitable industry. For particulars call at the office of the company at the refinery. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.


 Made Addresses in French.

 Judge Julian Mouton returned Wednesday from Indiana, where he went several weeks ago at the requests of the National Democratic Committee to make campaign addresses in French. Judge Mouton spoke at Linton, a town of 15,000 inhabitants, to French immigrants, many of who are employed in coal mining. At Brazil, Fowler and in the northern part of the State, his audiences were composed principally of French Canadians. The Linton Daily Call reports the Meeting at that place as follows:

 "A large crowd of both French and Americans gathered in the opera house last night to listen to a speech in French by Judge Julian Mouton, of Lafayette, La. The Judge spoke first in French and then in English, and spoke fluently in both languages. He made a splendid addresses in English and the French said he did in French. The French were especially delighted and surprised. They were delighted to hear him speak French so fluently. They said he could go right into Parish and hold an audience. They were surprised that he spoke both French and English so fluently and had no brogue to either. His points were plain and strong."

 Judge Mouton stated in answer to a question as to the situation in Indiana, that both parties were doing hard work, and that while the Democrats had bright prospects of carrying the State, yet nothing positive could be predicted.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.



Democratic Rally Sunday Night.

 A fair sized crowd was present at the Democratic rally Sunday night. Congressman Robt. Broussard, Hon. W. J. Burke, of New Iberia, and Judge Caillouet of Thibodaux, were the speakers, and the subject of all the addresses was national issues. The tariff and the increased army and naby were the two principal topics and both were discussed in an able and instructive way. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.


 "Vacation."

 Miss Lizzie Daly and her specially selected company of artists will appear at the opera house here on Friday, Nov. 4, for one performance, presenting the well known and popular farce comedy, "Vacation." As a special attraction Jack Everhart will appear in athletic science, and is safe to say that these two favorites will be given a most cordial greeting by the theatre goers of this city and section.

 There never was a lady dancer who could begin to approach Miss Daly. The premier artist so far excels her many competitors that she has long ago been given the title, "The Dancing Wonder." New York critics have said that she literally talks and cracks jokes with her feet, and those who have seen her in this section will agree with the statement, farfetched as it may appear. There is no step unknown to Miss Daly, whether it be in straight dancing or burlesque work, and in "Vacation" her knowledge of the art or the science is made plain to all the spectators.

 Jack Everhart needs no introduction here. He is known personally and by reputation to the great majority of the men and women of all this section, and his brilliant career in the ring has been watched with almost personal interest and solicitude by thousands of persons in the Southwest. His skill in athletic work will be displayed to the audience, and will doubtless show the old favorite as in improved form. The two principals are surrounded by an excellent company, and the one rule of the entire company is to provoke laughter, cause amusement, and please the audience as they were never pleased before. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.

     



 Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 11/2/1904.

 Thursday morning about 2:30 a flat car of cotton on Nickerson's switch was discovered to be on fire. By prompt work the flames were extinguished and about half the cotton was saved.

 Died. - Miss Marie Christine DeClouet died Saturday morning at 7:25 o'clock at the residence of her brother, Maj. P. L. DeClouet. Funeral services were held at St. John's Catholic church, Sunday at 11 a. m. The remains were taken to St. Martinville for interment.

 Lorne Nickerson returned home Monday after an extensive trip through the north and east, visiting the World's Fair, Chicago, Detroit, Simcoe, Canada, Niagara Falls, the Mammoth Cave, Ky., and various other places of interest.

 W. T. Flukinger, a fireman on the Echo division of the Southern Pacific, is receiving the congratulation of his friends upon the advent of a fine boy at his home Oct. 17. Both mother and child are doing well.

 Ed Higginbotham, Felix Mouton and Adonis LeBlanc returned Wednesday after "doing" the World's Fair for two weeks, which they report having seen straight through.

 E. Mouisset, of the Lacoste Hardware Co., Ltd., left for New Orleans Thursday to purchase several car loads of agricultural implements, barbed wire, etc., for the spring trade. He returned Monday.

 F. F. Carter, the photographer, has a very tempting offer to run from date to Xmas. 6 cabinets, best grade work, and a 14x17 inch crayon, frame and glass complete for four dollars cash.

 Supt. Aswell and Prof. Caldwell both left on the 2:16 train, the former for Welsh and the latter for Jennings. Both will be in Lake Charles to-night and will speak in favor of the bond amendment.

 Stolen. - At Scott Fair Sunday night, October 23, a roan horse, about 14 hands high, forehead bare like scalded, has very small foot. Information leading to recovery of same will be paid for. JEAN LENTIER, Scott, La.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1904.











 From the Lafayette Advertiser of November 2nd, 1901:


Benjamin Falk Passes Away.
 

Monday morning our community was terribly shocked to learn of the sudden death of Mr. Benjamin Falk, one of the leading and most prominent men of Lafayette. The previous afternoon, Mr. Falk had attended the Fair at Scott, and had returned home in apparent good health. There was a family gathering at his home, as was usual on Sunday evenings, and he had taken part in the best of spirits. About 10 o'clock he retired to his room to rest. In about half an hour Mrs. Falk went in to see about him and found him breathing hard and evidently unwell. She tried to awaken him, but not succeeding, immediately sent for a physician, but before he arrived, Mr. Falk was beyond aid.
 


 Mr. Falk was a native of Germany, but has been a resident of Lafayette since 1871, and during his long residence here had built up an extensive mercantile business. He was also largely interested in other business enterprises and was at the time of his death one of our wealthiest and most substantial men.
  

 In his death Lafayette loses one of her most enterprising and progressive citizens. Mr. Falk was ever ready to contribute and lend his personal aid to any move tending to build up his adopted town, and cheerfully and willingly discharged with zeal and faithfulness all the duties of a private citizen. When honored by his fellow townsmen, he was elected to the office of town Councilor, which office he held at the time of his death, he was distinguished at all times by his fidelity to the trust reposed in him.

 As a private citizen, Mr. Falk was liked and respected by every one, and many can testify to his large heartedness, his generosity, and his numerous acts of unostentatious charity. The needy, the poor, those in distress, never appealed to him in vain. He used his wealth, not selfishly, but kindly and freely to aid the deserving. Well, can it be said, that a noble life has passed into the great beyond to receive its reward.

 As a husband and father, Mr. Falk was loving, kind, and indulgent. It was indeed in his home, in his family, that his noblest and sweetest traits were shown. Love ruled his home, and the deep respect and affection of his step-children testify eloquently to his goodness and worth.

 The funeral which took place Monday afternoon was the largest ever seen in Lafayette. The Knights of Pythias, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Knights of Honor, all of which he was  an esteemed member, and the Fire Department of which he was Assistant Chief, all accompanied the remains in a body to their last resting place. The funeral cortege left the home of the deceased at 4 p. m. and proceeded to the synagogue, where religious services were held by Rabbi Loucht of New Orleans. From there the body was borne to its last resting place in the Hebrew cemetery. After the conclusion of the religious services at the grave Rev. C. C. Wier spoke for the K. of P. and paid high tribute to the worth of their deceased brother. Mr. O. C. Mouton made a few touching remarks in behalf of the A. O. U. W. This concluded the ceremonies.

 To the bereaved family, the Advertiser offers its deepest sympathy and trusts that the great Father whose tender mercy shields all will give them consolation.

Lafayette Advertiser  11/2/1901
                                                                  
 



 


IMPROVED TELEPHONE SYSTEM.

The subjoined statement of the workings of the new system sent from Washington to the N. O. Picayune, will prove interesting reading:

 As the system is to be a universal one, practically every house will have a telephone, for there is no rental for an instrument and but 2 cents charge is made for its use, which is to be paid by the person calling. The number of telephones to be installed in New Iberia is 1,763 ;  in Franklin, 1,014 ;  Crowley, 1,389, and Lafayette, 968.  The number of telephones of the other system in use in New Orleans is about 1,100.

 In the first place, the system is exceedingly simple and being less intricate than that of the Bell company, is considerably less expensive. Two of its strong points are that it is absolutely private, and there is no necessity to notify central that the number asked for has not responded to the call. It matters not whether the system is in use in a city the size of New Orleans or in a town like Lafayette, there is but one instrument on a line. The conversation between two persons using two instruments is absolutely private, because central is obliged to cut herself out the instant she connects the number called with the person calling it.

 The telephone is a small instrument, not much larger than a cigar box, and it is exceedingly simple in its construction. The box contains a handful of coils and delicate armatures, etc., but no battery, because the current is supplied by the central energy system. The receiver resembles that of the other system, but is smaller. To call central, the receiver is taken down, causing a bell to ring on the switchboard, and at the same time lighting a tiny incandescent globe bearing the number of the telephone calling. This light continues to burn until the operator at central inserts a plug and answers. The moment the person called takes his receiver down to answer, the incandescent lamp is turned out, and remains so until the conversation is over, when the hanging up of both receivers causes it to glow again, notifying central that they have finished. By this arrangement of lights the operator at central has no occasion to interrupt a conversation with her familiar words "Are you through?"

 "I have gone back to the principle of the divided switchboard," explained the inventor, Dr. Frost to the Picayune correspondent," but I have also made use of the best ideas of the multiple board. Therefore I am able to get along with about one-tenth of the bulk of wire cables that another system would use for the same office, and with less wires to handle -- for I use a common return wire - it is exceedingly easy to locate troubles which naturally occur. It is not necessary for a subscriber to call up central and complain that his telephone is out of order, because the moment there is any trouble with it a section of our switchboard is deranged and the cause is quickly searched out and remedied."

 "How is it that you can make universal with any profit?"

 "Because it does not cost us as much as it does the Bell company to put in the instruments and there is no limit upon this business we can handle. We can go to New Orleans or other cities and put in telephones at one-fifth of what it costs the other companies. I am not prepared to say what the cost per instrument would be in New Orleans, but in other cities, with overhead wires has been about $30 ;  where the wires must be placed underground, the cost per instrument is a little above this.

 "There is no question about our system being universal for the rich and poor alike will all be provided with instruments, will be accorded the same service, and there will be no cost whatever if the instruments are not used. A merchant may have ten or twenty instruments in his place of business and he pays simply 2 cents each for the calls sent out. If the merchant wants to talk with his clerks or laborers at their homes, he can do so as cheaply as he can write them a letter."
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1901.




Big Circus and Menagerie.

 Campbell Bros. Big Circus and Menagerie is dated for two performances in our city, afternoon and night, on Saturday, Nov. 16. Our people will now have the pleasure of witnessing a clean, pure circus performance, known throughout the entire country to be the biggest railroad circus traveling. Exhibiting a larger collection of wild beast, and carrying more high salaries performers than any circus on the road. Besides freaks of nature, a Japanese family, trained elephants, ponies, dogs and monkeys. Educated birds and beasts. Positively giving two exhibitions on day and date mentioned.


Steam Calliope.

 Campbell Bros. new calliope heads the big street parade that takes place on Saturday, Nov. 16. It can be heard for miles and is drawn by a string of elegantly decorated horses, amusing to everybody, and a new feature of the big Show. The is your only opportunity to see anything of this kind this season. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1901.







         



  From the Lafayette Gazette of November 2nd, 1901:

THE PARISH FAIR
Held at Scott Proved a Success - Many Exhibits - Award of Numerous Premiums.

 Considering that it was practically the work of one man the parish fair held at Scott was a success. Dr. Mayer, who planned the fair and carried it out with little or no assistance, deserves credit for having accomplished one thing. He has given an illustration of what can be done if the people can only be persuaded to work together. The interest manifested on the day of the fair justifies the hope that next year it will be possible to hold a fair which will be a credit to this section and which will result advantageously to the commercial and agricultural interests of the parish. Despite the fact that the only contribution to the premium fund was made by Leopold Lacoste, who insisted upon giving $5.00, a large number of handsome and useful prizes were awarded to the competitors. Being seriously handicapped by the lack of money, the advertising was necessarily limited, but the people read about the fair in the local papers and attended in larger numbers than was expected. The town of Lafayette was, numerically and otherwise, very well represented. Had it not been for the dust, many more townspeople would have been present.

 The exhibits were very creditable, and clearly showed the ability of the people of Lafayette to hold an annual fair second to no other parish in the State. The agricultural exhibits indicated the unsurpassed fecundity of our soil, the articles of home-manufacture attested the intelligence and industry of our house-keepers and the specimens of handiwork proved the skill of young ladies. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.


 A Bad Negro. - Saul Babineaux, constable of the sixth ward, had a pretty narrow escape last Saturday. He attempted to arrest a negro named Edmond Prejean who was creating a disturbance at a ball. Prejean shot at the officer who returned the fire, but both missed and the negro ran away and has not been captured. Deputy Trahan went in pursuit of the culprit, but failed to find him.  Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.



 CHRISTIAN ENDEAVORS

Hold as Most Interesting and Profitable Convention in Lafayette.

 Probably one of the most interesting and enthusiastic conventions of Christian workers ever held in Lafayette convened last Wednesday and Thursday in the Presbyterian church under the title of "Tenth Semi-Annual Convention, Louisiana West District, Christian Endeavor Union." Some twenty delegates representing various societies of the district were in attendance and while this was barely half of the number expected yet under the able and wise direction of President W. C. Cary and the thoroughly loyal support accorded him by those present, the sessions of the convention were marked with intense religious fervor and enthusiasm.

 The Christian Endeavor Society was organized two decades since by Dr. Francis Clark, of Portland, Maine, and its growth and active influence in every department of Christian effort and extension has been truly marvelous. From one society to sixty thousand and from a membership of forty to a membership of 4,000,000, embracing in its field of action every country on the face of the globe, the association seems destined to prove the most powerful agency in the spread of the gospel and the uplift of humanity.

 The members of the local society did earnest and faithful work to insure the success of the convention and ministering to the comfort and entertainment of the guests. Miss Bertha Jenkins, who presided at the organ, deserves special mention for the excellent music rendered and for her intelligent management of the entire affair. Mr. Robert McFadden also must be accorded praise for his zeal in the cause and for a most excellent and well considered paper read before the convention. Mr. G. M. Snodgrass rendered invaluable assistance by leading the choir in the rendition of the musical program.

 The convention adjourned Thursday evening after receiving the usual reports of committees and election of officers. Mr. Cary was re-elected president, Robert McFadden vice-president and Miss Bertha Jenkins secretary and treasurer. The next convention will be held at Bunkie, May 1 and 2.

 The following program will give some idea of the convention and its work:






Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.





NECROLOGICAL.
Benjamin Falk.

 Mr. Benjamin Falk died at his home in this town last Sunday night at 10 o'clock. His death was very sudden. He was well during the day, and in the afternoon drove to Scott to attend the fair. At night he retired at the usual time and seemed to be in splendid health, but at 10 o'clock he was dead.

 Mr. Falk came to Lafayette in 1871 from Germany where he was born in the year 1853. When he settled in Lafayette he was a youth with little or no knowledge of his adopted country, but, possessing an unusually quick mind, he soon became familiar with its language and customs. At the time of his death he spoke French and English with considerable fluency. After his arrival here he entered a mercantile firm as a clerk, but being economical and industrious he soon accumulated enough money to go into business for himself. He was  unusually successful as a business man and until his death he was prominently identified with the commercial life of the community. Being a man of untiring energy he was engaged in the management of several local firms. Though nearly all his time was devoted to his large interests he was an active member of the City Council and of a number of benevolent societies. He was an enthusiastic fireman and a few months ago was elected assistant chief of the fire department. He attended all the meetings of the fire company and was ever a congenial spirit at the social gatherings of the firemen.

 Mr. Falk was a member of the local lodges of the Knights of Pythias, A. O. U. W. and Knights of Honor. He was an officer in these societies the members of which esteemed him highly.

 Mr. Falk was a popular man as was shown by the large number of people who attended his funeral. Considering the humble start in life and the fair measure of success which he achieved through his own unaided efforts, and the evidences that he has been sincerely mourned by many of his fellow-citizens, it is safe to say that he possessed in a marked degree the elements of personal worth.

 He was a follower of the Jewish religion and his remains were taken to the synagogue where the funeral rites of that faith were performed by Dr. Leucht of New Orleans, who delivered an eloquent eulogy on the life of the deceased. The vast concourse of people who accompanied the dead to his last earthly home attested the esteem in which he was held by those with whom he had spent thirty years of his life. The following organizations, of which the deceased was a member, attended the obsequies: Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor, Ancient Order of United Workmen, Fire Company No. 1, Home Fire Company and Lafayette Hook and Ladder Company. The remains were interred in Jewish cemetery. At the grave Rev. C. C. Weir and Mr. Wm. Alexander spoke on behalf of the Knights of Pythias and Mr. C. O. Mouton expressed of the Ancient Order of United Workmen. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.



The Lafayette Industrial.
[New Orleans States.]

 The Lafayette Gazette gives encouraging reports in Louisiana's newest educational experiment, the Southwestern Industrial Institute. The Industrial School at Ruston has long been doing most efficient work in the Northeastern part of the State, the State Normal at Natchitoches amply provides for the central and Northwestern sections, and the State has now completed the work by the establishing of an Industrial school in the splendid old historic town of Lafayette. Lafayette is situated in the center of the great Creole section of the State and her people made noble exertions to secure the location of this fine school there. It has now been in operation several weeks and enough is already known of its progress to justify the wisdom of the State in locating it there.

 With a full corps of instructors and a fairly good amount appropriated for its conduct, we look upon it being one of the most hopeful of the State's educational experiments, and we shall be greatly surprised if good reports are not heard from it in the near future. Its patronage so far is drawn mainly from the parishes contiguous to Lafayette, but as it grows older and the advantages it offers become more widely known, its circle of influence will extend and Lafayette will become one of the important educational centers of the State. Lafayette is located in the midst of the most thickly populated rural section of the State, and the remarkable progress and developments occurring throughout that entire section will naturally redound to the benefit of the school. Surrounded by the sugar, rice and oil fields which have lately come into such prominence, the industrial school has added another attraction to Lafayette which must insure her future and make her one of the most desirable towns in the South in which to live. And the school will in turn be benefited by these great developments that are taking place all around it. The industrial training given there will enable its graduates to take a prominent part in the opportunities that will be opened for educated brains and trained hands, and the heavy demand for expert service that will be felt throughout that section will be greater even than the Industrial School will be able to supply during the next few years. The work is in the hands of competent and able instructors, and that t he Southwestern Louisiana Industrial School will work a distinct revolution in the conservative section of the State there can be no sort of doubt. From the New Orleans States and in the Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.



CARACRISTI'S OPINION

Of the Possibilities of the Louisiana Oil Field - Talks About Beaumont Gushers.

 Employed by Southern Pacific to Make Investigations Along Atlantic System.

 A special from this town, dated Oct. 29, to the New Orleans States, says:

 Dr. C. F. Z. Caracristi, C. E. E. M., who is here completing his report on Louisiana petroleum and gas, has been instructed by some of his New York and London clients to report on the Gulf and Inter-state railroad of Texas.

 Dr. Caracristi who is and had been ill, was seen by a reporter, and in speaking of this railroad, said: "I am in a very peculiar position about this road, having been directed by two of my clients who represent antagonistic interests to report in its feasibility, etc. I shall very probably have a competent corps of engineers in the fields in a very few days, and learn what is actually in the proposition. My chief assistant is now in Houston laying out a plan or procedure. Until I hear from him I cannot say when actual work will begin, but there is ample capital behind the project whoever gets the road. There is a proposition, and I have just received a telegram on the subject, to consolidate the Baltimore, New York and London interests. More I can not say.

 "It was learned last night that Dr. C. F. Z. Caracristi has been retained by the Southern Pacific Railroad Company to make a detailed report on the oil possibilities along its Atlantic system. I called to see Dr. Caracristi at his hotel, and although he was still ill in a bed, where he as been for some weeks, he received me with expressions of pleasure."

 "I learn," I said, "that you have been retained by the Southern Pacific to make a report on the oil fields along its lines, and have to ask you to confirm this statement."

 "The information is quite true," said Dr. Caracristi, "and I wish to state that it will afford me a great pleasure to be able to show the possibilities of Louisiana as I have made known those of Texas. You may know, perhaps, that the Southern Pacific has already published in one of its folders my report on Texas, and what I am now about to do is to broaden the field and go into more minute details and show in a sketchy style the great oil possibilities of the Gulf plateau and the use to which this oil can be put and the effect it will have upon the manufacturing industries of the South and Southwest.

 "You know," said Dr. Caracristi, "that I am no great believer in the Monte Carlo gambling at Beaumont; nor in the gushers, except when they, or one of them, is surrounded by sensible acreage and not limited to a mere soda water tank.

 "I believe in the great oil fields of Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas. I believe it the greatest petroleum and gas field in the world and I believe it will revolutionize maritime steam navigation and help the cause of industrial development and human progress, but the stability of the petroleum industry will come from other sources than Spindle Top. No one can acknowledge the value of Spindle Top more than I, because those having reasonably large acreages there are moderately certain of a large production; while others in the real estate business sell the to gullible small parcels of land in which they spout their soda and telegraph to all the newspapers. "Another great gusher at Beaumont."

 The World's oil production is derived from settled production from small wells, the same as the wealth of the country depends upon the people who have from $1,000 to $25,000 rather than upon the millionaires. Beaumont will not any more make Texas a great oil State (except temporarily) than J. P. Morgan makes New York a rich city.

 "Texas and Louisiana are bound to form the center of the Gulf petroleum business, and the sooner people begin to appreciate the constant value of small wells the sooner will these States enter the arena of actual and not mush-room progress in the oil business. In both Texas and Louisiana there are hundreds of locations that will give oil in paying quantity, but the people are only satisfied with a gusher.

 "The world's attention has been called to the value of the Southwestern oil field and it has come to stay by the opening up of new productive spots in this vast field.

 "To-day there is more room for legitimate investment in the Southern petroleum fields than ever before, provided people realize that Beaumont is not the only petroleum field along the coastal plains, and that gushers do  not form the world's petroleum supply.

 "Beaumont is developed and needs but little help so now let us help the rest of the field even if Beaumont promoters do get angry for a little while."
From the New Orleans States and in the Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.


All Saints' Day. - All Saints' day, set aside to pay tribute to the dead by decorating the graves and other marks of respect, was observed in Lafayette. In the morning and during the afternoon services were held at the Catholic church and throughout the day large crowds visited the cemetery and placed artificial and natural flowers upon the graves of relatives and friends. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901. 





Selected News Notes (Gazette) 11/2/1901.

 We are requested to announce that the raffle of C. C. McBride's horse will take place on next Tuesday, Nov. 5, 1901, at Lacoste's hardware store at 4 p. m.

 Mr. and Mrs. Eddy McBride have returned from Houston to remain permanently in Lafayette.

 Frank Seem, a negro, was severely beaten and robbed by several negroes at Duson last Saturday night. Deputy Trahan visited the neighborhood and arrested the following negroes: Tima Julien, Anbroise Obey, Silvestre Julien. They were lodged in jail.

 Wait for the Big Show. - The Great Eastern Railroad Shows will positively exhibit in Lafayette, La., Tuesday, November 12, on the railroad show grounds. See this issue of The Gazette for further particulars of this monster enterprise. A grand free street parade on day of exhibition. See it and form an idea. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1901.











From the Lafayette Advertiser of November 2nd, 1895:

City Water Works.

Mr. Editor: As the people of our town are thoroughly aroused to the great necessity of municipal reform, and improvement. I think it is the duty of every well wisher of the town to set all old prejudices aside, and put his shoulder to the wheel, and help the work of progress along.

At present, the most absorbing question seems to be, some system of water works, or fire protection, that is within reach of the financial circumstances of our town. I have a system to propose that I think for cheapness and efficiency is the best that can be adopted. I shall not attempt to go into minute details of the plans until I see whether the general system is adopted or not.

In the first place the council would have to select a suitable lot in the most central part of the town, buy a first class engine of sufficient capacity to run the pumps and an electric machinery, if necessary, and set it up on said lot so as to assist in digging a well not less than 10 feet in diameter inside, and of sufficient depth to always have not less than five of six feet of water in the dry season. I am told that such a well will give an exhaustible supply of water, then it would require a wooden tank to be built that would hold about twenty-five thousand gallons, or five hundred barrels. It should be set up ten feet from the ground, so as to allow sprinkling carts to back under it, to fill for sprinkling purposes and to give plenty of fall, for filling the small tanks placed throughout the town for the purpose of supplying the fire engine, in case of fire. Those small tanks can be built of brick or wood, but as there is no frost in this country to interfere with the tanks or pipes, I think that the common wooden cistern will answer every purpose, and be much cheaper as they can be built and set on top of the ground upon a low timber or brick foundation. They should hold from four to five thousand gallons each. They can be built and set up for forty or fifty dollars each. They can be placed from ten to fifteen hundred feet apart (owing to circumstances) so that eight hundred feet of hose attached to the fire engine can reach any building in between those small tanks. These small tanks should be kept constantly filled with water flowing through pipes from the main tank, which can be done by simply turning a tap.

Having the power engine, the well dug, the main tank built, the council and business men of the town should get together and decide, whether they will have a first class hand engine or a steam engine. Under the financial circumstances of our town there are strong arguments in favor of either, this question decided, we should proceed at once to erect a suitable building. It should be built of brick, fire proof, two stories high, with bell tower, and fire alarm on top. The building should stand gable end to the street, it should be 32 feet wide, with three sliding doors in front, two for fire engines to be run in side by side, if necessary, the third door for hose and ladder cart, the back part of the building for the engine room, for the power engine, this should be all on the ground floor.

The second story should be finished off for firemen's hall, town hall, council and police jury room, or for any other purpose the town may require it, there should be two or three rooms finished off for care taker to live in so that he may be always present to give the fire alarm, and start a fire in the engine at a moments notice. Now I claim that with these small tanks holding one hundred barrels, the main tank holding five hundred barrels we have eleven hundred barrels of water to start with, a quantity sufficient to put out a fire in any ordinary building in the town.

These small tanks being eight or ten feet lower than the main tank, you have only to turn a tap to drain the main tank dry, in the mean time the engine can be set going to keep up the supply.

It strikes me, I hear someone asking how much is all this going to cost, and how will the council raise the money. The cost will be about 12 to 15 thousand dollars, and the council can raise the money the same as the council of other cities and towns throughout the United States have done, by issuing debentures drawing six per cent interest payable in twenty years, which ought to set at par.

I hold that the people coming after us for the next twenty years should help pay the expense of these improvements as they will share the benefit of them with us.

The system of sprinkling streets after we have a supply of water is a very easy, and simple one, and will be self supporting, as those only who are interested, or directly benefited will be taxed for it.

Now Mr. Editor, as you requested, I have given you the rough outlines of a cheap and efficient system of water works for the town of Lafayette.
Yours Respectfully,
J. Nickerson.

 
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1895.




The Repeal of the Stock Law.
(Communicated.)

 What's the matter with our high minded, progressive council which Mossback sang the praises of so highly a few months ago ?  Three or four of them are alright, and always will be, for they are gentlemen of too much principle and pride to ever allow out town (with their consent) to become the dumping, or herding ground for the whole parish around us, but I see by the papers of the past few weeks that two, or three members of the council have allowed the moss to grow so thick on their backs that they can't stand it any longer, and are moving to have the council turn loose in our streets by the horses, Mules, Asses, Oxen, Steers, Cows, Bulls, Calves, Goats, and Hogs, (for they make no distinction) what is this done for ?  It can't be to eat the grass for they know it is all dead and gone, or will be before the law can come in force, and no more will grow before next April or May. This is progress in our town with a vengeance. It is not the grass on our streets that these Mossbacks are after, it is political office and they are willing to sacrifice the best interest of the town, and the people who own more than two thirds of the property in value, if they can succeed in building up a political hobby, upon the backs of cows, goats, and sucking calves, to ride into office on next April.
         (Signed) CITIZEN.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1895.





B. M. A. Meeting. - At the special meeting of the Business Men's Association held last Tuesday night an interesting report was presented by the committee on water works of the work of the committee as far it has progressed. It being plain that a survey of the town would have to be made on which to base a plan and specifications for a system of water-works, the committee was instructed to make a presentation of the fact to the city council at its next meeting and request that body to appropriate a sum of money adequate to defray the expenses of a survey.
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1895.




Civil War Veteran's Reunion.
 Last Saturday was a joyous day for the veterans, the reunion of the Gen. Gardner camp took place at Beausejour Springs and was a most delightful gathering of these old heroes of the war.
 The beautiful site belonging to Maj. S. Mouton, was a fitting selection for the honored memorial, and no efforts were spared to render it the most enjoyable of all places for receiving the brave defender of the "Lost Cause."

 At 11 o'clock the order to form rank was given by commander D. A. Cochrane and the column marched forward from the bridge to the grounds. The martial strains of the music rang clear in the fresh autumn morning, and the banners waved proudly as od old, over the gallant soldiers, as they moved along headed by Mrs. Gen. Gardner, the sponsor of the camp, and Judge A. C. Allen. As they reached the grounds Mrs. Gardner was escorted to her seat upon the platform, and the opening address was delivered by Mr. La Neuville who spoke in French, and presented a lovely bouquet of flowers to Gen. Gardner's widow.

 Judge Allen then rose and held the audience for more than an hour in one of his most beautiful and eloquent addresses which was repeatedly interrupted with enthusiastic applause.

 Judge C. Debaillon was the next speaker. He spoke in French and was followed by Mr. Julian Mouton who also addressed the audience in French. 

 Songs and recitations then concluded the program for the day.

 Miss May Bailey recited "Conquered Banner;" Robt. McFadden, "The Sword of Robert E. Lee;" Miss Alice Abbot, "Prayer of the South;" and Miss Anna Hopkins closed the exercises by singing "Maryland, My Maryland."

 The order was then given to spread dinner, and after a delightful repast, all adjourned for home. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1895.



Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 11/2/1895.

After a long dry spell of many weeks we were favored with a good rain on Tuesday which lasted 48 hours.

 The Carencro Sugar Mill commenced grinding Wednesday.

 Mr. Jno. O. Mouton is making great up to date improvements on his bar-room.

 The Creole American, a paper published lately at Lafayette will be removed to Crowley next week.

 Mr. B. Falk will open a skating rink in his hall this winter. Doors will be open every Sunday at 7 p. m.

 We have just received a new lot of job type, and are now thoroughly equipped to furnish any variety of work in our line.

 A trial will be made at the Lafayette Sugar Refinery on the 10th of November and if everything is satisfactory the mill will start on the 15th.

 Sterling Grove was the scene of much enjoyment Thursday night, a "tacky" party at the residence of Mr. J. Nickerson being the cause of it. We hope to publish a full account of the quaint doings, in our next issue.

 Mr. Robert R. Zell, Supt. of the water works in N. O. was in town Thursday asking an inspection for the purpose of presenting later, a bid on the system to be erected in this town. A remark which Mr. Zell made on the non existence of a map will furnish the city council with a valuable suggestion for having one made immediately.


Important. - The third and last payment of subscription to the Lafayette Sugar Manufacturing is called, the means being urgently needed to finish the work of construction now progressing to a rapid conclusion. It is confidently expected that the refinery will be ready by the tenth of the month. Subscribers should hold themselves ready for immediate payment to help the work alone. Call will be made at once.  Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1895.











 From the Lafayette Gazette of November 2nd, 1895:


Stock at Large.
To the Editor Gazette:

 Kindly inform the city marshal and his deputy that horses, cows, pigs, sheep, goats, monkeys and other animals are flagrantly violating the stock law every day and are becoming quite a nuisance. People tie horses and cows so as to obstruct the sidewalks in places. If we are going to convert the town into a cow lot abolish all ordinances and give everybody equal privileges. If the town cannot enforce it police regulations, it should certainly repeal them.
    (Signed) LAW.      Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.





Reasons Why You Should Locate In Southwest Louisiana.

1st. It's healthy; not subject to epidemics; has the lowest death rate in the states (8 to 1,000; more old people to population than elsewhere; nine tenths population white; northern people almost invariably gain increased vigor, recover from catarrh, are relieved of kidney diseases. They are out of doors more. It helps rheumatism and strengthens the lungs. A radical change like this will add ten years to the average life.

 2nd.  Good rainfall, evenly distributed, 55 to 60 inches annually.

 3rd.  The evenest, the best climate in the United States.

 4th.  Prairie and timber in best proportion. Good clay soil with hard pan sub soil. Good water 10 t0 20 feet through clay. No stones, stumps, roots or other obstructions. Well covered with an excellent sod of wild grasses of medium quality which can be replaced with Bermuda or Lespedeza (Japan's clover, best grasses known.

 5th.  Crops are more valuable here. Louisiana grows on an average, by census, $20 per acre to the northern States $8. Sugar cane yields 20 tons per acre, each ton as valuable as wild hay North yielding only 1 1/2 tons average. Rice is grown on new sod before rotting and yields to barrels per acre, valued as $3 a barrel, gives an income of $30 an acre and costs $10 to grow it. Such land can be bought at $5 to $10 an acre; improved, $10 to $25 per acre.

 6th.  The nearer the gulf the healthier the climate and earlier the season.

 7th.  All hardy vegetables, such as radishes, turnips, lettuce and cabbage, grow all winter.

 8th.  Figs and oranges are at their best here. Japan kid glove oranges commence bearing at one or two years from budding; will do well anywhere in Southwest Louisiana bring the highest price in market and are better flavored.

 9th.  Pears of a few varieties do well. Blackberries and dewberries (wild or tame) and strawberries do well.

 10th.  Nut bearing trees are at home here and are very profitable.

 11th.  Poultry does exceedingly well.

 12th.  Stock of all kinds do well; horses, mules, hogs, sheep and goats.

 13th. Altitude, 60 feet. Too flat to was wash; to high to overflow.

 14th.  We grow sugar cane and rice in perfection; the only field crops we import. (export?) On both crops we have a good profit, without tariff or bounty.

 15th. The climate, the conditions, the fruit (figs, oranges, pomegranate, grape and persimmon) all indicate plainly that this is the long lost Eden.

 Write to the nearest Southern Pacific Representative for Routes and Rates. S. F. B. Morse, G. P. & T. A., New Orleans, La. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.



Transferred to High School.

 The following pupils of Prof. Greig were transferred this week to the High School; Ida Hill, Lelia Miller, Eupheme Gauchreaux, Sadie McFadden, Eva Bourque, Auguste Vigneaux, John Vandergriff, Nicholas Hebert, Tom Webb, Tom Weir, Eloi Broussard, Lorne Nickerson, Sidney Romero and Dudley Mudd. The record of these girls and boys as reported by the principal as excellent, and by their application and respectful deportment they have earned a well-merited promotion. Several more pupils are striving for advancement and may soon be gratified. We are glad to note this of the pupils and hope they will continue to reflect credit on themselves and their teacher.
Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895. 




Confirmation.

 The sacrament of confirmation was administered to 340 persons by Archbishop Janssen's at the Catholic church last Wednesday. The ceremonies attendant upon this auspicious occasion were conducted with the usual solemnity. Among the priests who participated were: Fathers Brancre of Rayne, Langlois of St. Martinville, and Teurlings. The Pelican Brass Band played an appropriate tune at the conclusion of the ceremonies and later repaired to the presbytery where the boys discoursed some choice music in honor of the distinguished clergyman who was the guest of Father Forge. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.


    

Cane Culture.

Speaking of the cane culture in this State the Louisiana Planter says of our parish: "Lafayette, which now stands nearly the lowest in the list, will almost surely boom up as a large sugar producer within a few years, for large quantities of sugar cane have been grown in that parish during the last few years which have been sold to factories outside of the parish. The central factories now building there will encourage the increased production of sugar cane and perhaps verify The Planter's prophecy made a year or two ago that within a few years the parish of St. Landry would be the center of the sugar industry of this State rather than on its western limits." From the "Sugar Planter" and in the Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.



A Hallowe'en Party.

 Halloween - the night of funny things and odd doings - was fittingly celebrated by Mr. and Mrs. C. K. Darling at the hospitable home of Mr. J. Nickerson. All who were present did honor to the occasion in true hallowe'en style. The customary games were played with their usual mirth and mystery. Lunch, which was served after 12 o'clock consisted of the conventional "pumpkin pie," with candies, popcorn, nuts, etc.

 The costumes were decidedly quaint. The ladies showed the greatest skill in combining colors. One was noticed with a pale blue waist with purple bodice and a red overskirt trimmed with white lace over a solid blue skirt. Miss Lea Gladu, to whom was awarded the lady's prize, was attired in an aggregation of grotesque and forgotten finery, representing a "picture from the past," Dr. Ralph Raney and Mr. C. K. Darling were rival claimants for the gentlemen's prize, which was decided by lot. These gentlemen had succeeded in procuring enough rags and tatters to make them commendable representatives of the "weary waggle" type, and portions of their habiliments were perfect specimens of the Coxey art. (Reference to Coxey's Army?)

 The remainder of the merry party were attired in all the hues of the rainbow, and, verily, "Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these." The party consisted of :

 Mrs. Wm. Kelley, Misses Lea Gladu, Stella and Haydee Trahan, Zerelda Bailey, Ada Moss, Kitteridge, Lula Kelley, Ida, Susie and Liza Hopkins, Jennie and Sallie Torian, Blanche Stag, Louise Givens, Lizzie Mudd;  Messrs. Wm. Kelley, Baxter Clegg, John Givens, Orin Hopkins, Jack Nickerson, C. K. Darling, Drs. Girard and Raney.
Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.


Wreck on the Alexandria Branch.

 Last Tuesday about midnight, a very serious freight wreck occurred at Garland station, in St. Landry, on the Alexandria branch of the Southern Pacific. Conductor Emile Pefferkorn was in charge of the train and was proceeding at a good speed towards Lafayette when the caboose and two cars jumped the track and rolled down the embankment, making quite a wreck. Messrs. Felix Landry and John Bowen, trainmen, who were in the caboose, narrowly escaped with their lives, being insensible when recovered from the wreck. Mr. Ursin Hebert, another of the crew, was caught under the wreck, but fortunately escaped without injury. Conductor Pefferkorn was on the engine at the time, and so received no harm. The crew of the train are men of families and residents of Lafayette, where they are well known. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.


An Ice Factory. - THE GAZETTE is reliably informed that D. M. Gill, representing the firm of J. W. Brown & Sons, of Camden, Ark., is negotiating for the purchase or rent of a suitable location in Lafayette to build an ice factory before the next warm season. This is certainly good news to the people of this town. An ice factory here can not fail of success, and those who will invest in its erection will, no doubt, find their investment a remunerative one. Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.

   




Selected News Notes (Gazette) 11/2/1895.

 Dr. Fred Mayer came up from Opelousas last Wednesday. The doctor is looking as well has ever.

 A. M. Martin has purchased the interest of Z. Cook in the Martin & Cook saloon and is now sole proprietor.

 Dr. H. Dulany died at New Iberia a few days ago. Dr. Dulaney was at one time a resident of this town and he is remembered by many of our people. He was man of education and dentist of ability, but strong drink had impaired his usefulness and caused him to lead a reckless life.

 Last Monday after the meeting of the "committee" our neighbor of The Advertiser hoisted the black flag. What's up Henri?

 The wide-awake agent of the Southern Pacific Company, J. J. Davidson, and his capable assistants, C. C. Mabray and Ed. Givens, are kept very busy with the usual fall work. Nowhere is the company represented by more faithful representatives than at this place.
Lafayette Gazette 11/2/1895.










 From the Lafayette Advertiser of November 2nd, 1889:



REGULATORS AGAIN: 

The following Lafayette special to the Picayune of October 28th, gives a very clear and plain statement of the assault committed upon Mr. Severin Primeaux: 

 "Young Primeaux, son of one of the staunchest and most well-to-do farmers of Vermilion lives with his father at bayou Tigre, and although married to an estimable young lady, allowed himself to be led astray from the path of virtue by the seductions of some young siren living in the same neighborhood. The result was an elopement. After remaining away for a while he returned, and on his promising to do penance by remaining strictly at home for six months and behave himself the regulators agreed to inflict no harm and forgive him.
 Whether Primeaux kept his promise does not appear, but certain is that last Friday morning about 3 o'clock, while on the way to Lafayette with a load of fish, he was halted in the public highway near Royville (now Youngsville) by a band of armed men who commanded him to get down from his cart, as they had some business to transact with him. He complied and the party proceeded to administer a castigation using a heavy strap for the purpose.


 The unfortunate young man reported the outrage to the authorities in Abbeville, and District Attorney Smedes filed an affidavit for assault and battery before Judge Edwards on the 26th against the following parties: Dupre Primeaux, Lastie Bourque, Homer Stutes, (unreadable first name) Leblanc, Jr., Lue Lachausse, Severin Leblanc, Jr., Olidin Comeaux, Augustin Comeaux and several other parties who may yet be discovered.


 The affidavits were to-day placed in Sheriff Broussard's hands and he, accompanied by Deputy C. H. Bradley, immediately started out to make the arrests.


 Sheriff Broussard and Deputy Sheriff C. H. Bradley returned from Vermilion parish last Tuesday, having in charge all the parties named in the affidavit, who were lodged in jail at this place. Judge C. Debaillon was retained as counsel for the prisoners, and Judge Edwards of Abbeville, last Wednesday, made application for their release upon bail Judge Edwards admitted them to bail on the two charges - assault and battery and conspiracy. Bonds were furnished by their friends, and the prisoners were liberated by Sheriff Broussard Wednesday night. There was a time when such an outrage committed in this parish would have called forth serious trouble; now, it merely excites passing comments. The New Orleans City Item has the following timely remarks upon this case:
 


 "The case of Primeaux well illustrates the gradual encroachment of anarchy upon the rule of law. The Regulators were at first organized under the plea of necessity to control the negro. The evil, for such it is, extended to interference in a political election, and other very bad acts, and now appears as an intermeddler in the domestic relations of families. As the law was entirely competent to deal with the erring young man, there was no possible excuse for the Vermilion Regulators to add to the calamities of Lafayette by invasion for the purpose of whipping young Primeaux. Sheriff Broussard is reported to have performed his duty like a hero. Judge Edwards and a 'Lafayette parish jury' have a very plain duty before them. They should make an example of the Vermilion law breakers, and serve notice on all similarly inclined persons that it is a serious error to suppose that any sort of crime can be committed with impunity in Lafayette parish. They must strike in self-defense, or the next thing they know the Regulators will undertake to dictate as to the settlement of civil rights and the disposition of property. The slur on a 'jury in that parish' should be fittingly rebuked."  
Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889




Coming to Falk's.

 The World Company will appear at Falk's Opera House next Tuesday night, Nov. 5th. In speaking of the splendid Company the Temple (Texas) Times of October 18th says:

 A good sized audience assembled last night to witness the first production in the city of the great spectacular drama entitled "The World." The play is a very strong one, abounding in pathos, replete with comedy, and containing some intensely strong dramatic situations. The scenic effects were grand, and the scenery, which the company carry, is perhaps the best that was ever put on the stage of the Bijou, and intricate though it may be, it was handled in excellent style, without a single hitch. The magnificent style, without a single hitch. The magnificent ship disappearing in the waves, and the great raft scene were triumphs of mechanical effect, and were powerfully suggestive of reality. The company appearing in the play is an excellent one, very evenly balanced, in fact there was not a single weak representation in the piece. Gustave Neaville, as Harry Elleston one of Uncle Sam's sailor boys, was manly and dignified. He gave the house unmistakable proof of his ability as a tragedian. The great passions of the human heart, so characteristic of the true man, were in turn wonderfully portrayed. His future is not a doubtful one, J. B. Hogan, as Deveraux Powers the villain, gave a powerful piece of acting, and impressed the audience so much with his villainy that several looked forward anxiously to his being killed. Cecil Froom gave an excellent representation of the bluff, open-hearted sea captain. His song in the second act was much admired. The comedy element in the hands of Harry Thomas as Morris Abrams, and T. B. Coleman, as Dennis, could scarcely have been improved upon. F. L. Barringer, C. G. Andres, Eugene Watts and P. A. Keiler rendered efficient assistance. Miss Ida A. Yancyson, as Rose, the injured heiress, gave a graceful and finished performance, with the fault of two little voice. Miss Mabel Norton, as Jennie Graham, showed herself to be a very talented artist. She possesses great versatility, and is equally good in comedy or pathos. Her performance was one of the best in the piece. The whole play was excellently acted, and a better pleased audience never left our opera house. The company were to have played to-night in Belton, but yielding to a large number of requests, they have cancelled their date there and will play again to-night. Our citizens who wish to see a genuine good play, with splendid scenic effects and excellent acting, should not fail to be on hand to-night. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889.        





Misses Marsh & Revillon. - We call attention to the advertisement of Miss Lorene Marsh and Miss Louise Revillon. These two estimable young ladies have opened a very select and attractive stock of millinery and fancy goods in their new building, No. 4, Washington street. We wish them that success and prosperity their energy and enterprise deserve and to which we feel assured they will attain. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889.



Laf. Boys vs. Breaux Bridge. - The Lafayette boys who attended the sports and amusements at Breaux Bridge last Sunday came back highly delighted with their trip. They were royally entertained by the good people of that hospitable little burg. The Crescent B. B. Club report that they never played with a more courteous or more generous club than Breaux Bridge, and while they came off victors by the fine score of 26 to 5, it was a well played game. Breaux Bridge turned the tables on Lafayette by discounting the Crapaudvilles. We trust Breaux Bridge will play Lafayette a return game very shortly.      Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889.  


Passing Through.
To see the number of cattle constantly passing through here on the trains makes one wonder where they all come from and how it is possible to dispose of them? As Lafayette is a watering and feeding station, this cattle traffic is quite an important item in our business, and put considerable money in circulation. The stockmen as a rule are generous and free with their money.  Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889.


Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 11/2/1889.
 White frosts here last Sunday and Monday mornings. Now is the time for 'possums and persimmons.

 It has been trying very hard to rain during the week, the wind hunting all the points to compass for a shower. Wednesday was sprinkled a little in spots, but you could not say that it rained. 

Numerous flocks of geese, and other water fowl, were passing South all during the week. Down about Vermilion Bay just now is no doubt a veritable sportsman's paradise.

 We are glad to note that Mrs. M. F. Rigues' rapidly increasing patronage has necessitated her making considerable additions to her very popular hotel. Mr. Fred Mouton is contractor.

 Miss Kate Rand will open a private school at her mother's residence on Jefferson street, Lafayette, Monday next. Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1889.






 Lagniappe#1
EUREKA NURSERY.

 An Advertiser reporter paid a visit to the Eureka Nursery Sunday upon the invitation of Mr. T. J. Lacy, the proprietor, to see his grove of Satsuma orange trees in full bearing.

 Mr. Lacy has something over a fourth of an acre in Satsuma oranges and the trees are all heavily loaded with golden fruits. The Satsuma is a delicious orange and has the fine quality, in addition, of standing rather severe cold. It flourishes in this climate and yields beautifully, as a visit to the Eureka Nursery demonstrates. It does not require a great deal of care, though to do well it must have considerable shallow cultivation. The returns from the trees are large and justify careful attention to them. Mr. Lacy states that last year his grove yielded $150, which is a pretty good yield for a little more than a quarter of an acre. Besides the work of caring for the trees is comparatively little. Mr. Lacy's success with this delicious species of orange offers to the people of this parish a new and profitable industry.

 It is not necessary that every one should quit growing other crops in order to profit from orange growing. On the contrary, these new opportunities proven possible are simply a continuance of the diversification idea. Dependency on one crop is incorrect and unprofitable, for the full returns from labor expended and soil and climate can not be achieved by one crop as we have always understood it.

 The proper way to profit by the proof that Satsuma orange trees are profitable is for each person who can spare it to plant about from one to four acres of the orange trees. The cultivation and caring for them will not take a great deal of time and at the end of three or four years the revenue will begin to come in and be a most welcome addition to the yield of the farm.

 In addition to the orange grove Mr. Lacy had quite a number of interesting plants to show in the way of fruits, shade trees and ornamental shrubs. Mr. Lacy is assisted by Mrs. lacy, who has the flowering plants as her special department and it is very entertaining to be shown through the large assortment of flowers, ferns, etc., by Mrs. Lacy, who makes the fine collection more interesting by her explanations.

 The nursery was established here about five years ago, Mr. Lacy having moved from Washington, where for nearly forty years he had been in the nursery business. Both Mr. and Mrs. lacy take a great deal of pride in their business, which they are very fond of, and they have made a big success in growing trees, shrubs, flowers and plants that are suitable for this section. The nursery is not a very extensive one as to space covered, but every available piece of ground is well utilized and the nursery is lots bigger than it looks.

Lafayette Advertiser 11/2/1909


Lagniappe #2
The Telephone Newspaper.

 The telephone newspaper organized at Pesch, Hungary, has now been working successfully for two years. It is the only newspaper of the kind in the world. It is called Telephone Hirnondo, or Herald, costs 2 cents like a printed paper, and is valuable to persons who are unable or too lazy  to use their eyes or who cannot read. It has 6,000 subscribers, who receive the news as they would ordinary telephone messages. A special wire 168 miles long runs along the windows of the houses of subscribers, which are connected with the main line by separate wires and special apparatus which prevents the blocking of the system by an accident at one of the stations. Within the houses, long and flexible wires make it possible to carry the receiver to the bed or any part of the room.
 


 The news is not delivered as it happens to come on, but is carefully edited and arranged according to a printed schedule, so that a subscriber at any time knows what part of the paper he is going to hear. It begins with the night telegrams from all parts of Europe. Then comes the calendar of events for the day, the city news and the lists of strangers at the hotels. After that follow articles on music, art and literature. The staff is organized like that of any other newspaper, and is only on duty from 7:30 in the morning till 9:30 at night. After the copy has passed through the editor's hands, for the paper is subject to the same restrictions as ordinary newspapers and is liable for its communications, it is given to the "speakers." These are ten men with strong voices and clear enunciation, who work in shifts of two at a time and talk the news through the telephone. There are 28 editions uttered a day. Additions to the first edition are announced as news items.
 To fill up the time when no news is coming in, subscribers are entertained with vocal and instrumental concerts.


From the New York Sun reprinted in the Lafayette Advertiser, 11/2/1895.

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