From the Lafayette Gazette of December 10th, 1898:
LAFAYETTE GLIMPSES FUTURE OF RAILROAD LOCOMOTION.
The Big Four railroad has recently received from the builders four 8-wheel passenger locomotives to haul their fast trains.
These engines are, in respect, models of their kind, and are probably the largest, fastest, most powerful and best looking passenger engines in any part of the country, and are a credit to the management and their designer, Mr. Wm. Garstang, superintendent of motive power of the Big Four, and and Schenectady Locomotive Works, their builders. The engines are now in service between St. Louis and Cleveland, on the fastest and heaviest trains, making the time and doing it easier than was ever accomplished before on this run.
In designing these engines it was necessary to make a machine combining power with high speed and easy running avoiding all jerk to the train, an unnecessary strain on the track. This has been accomplished to such an extent that both engine and tender, while at the highest speed, ride with the greatest steadiness and so soft and easy a motion that the engineers claim not to be at all tired at the end of their run. These noble machines stand 15 feet high from top of rail to top of cab and 9 feet 9 1/2 inches to center of boiler, which, with driving wheels 78 inches and truck and tender wheels 36 inches in diameter, show trim and powerful, without an unnecessary pipe or rod to mar their symmetry. The material used is the finest of its kind, and the greatest care was exercised in both the tests and workmanship to insure every part being perfect. The driving wheel centers, steam chest and covers, cylinder heads, foot plates, auxiliary dome, driving boxes and spring seats are all of cast steel, while the dome castings stack base, boiler front, cylinder castings and tender truck frames are pressed steel. The boiler is extended wagon top with taber back, 62 inches diameter at smallest ring and 78 inches diameter at the throat built to carry a wagon pressure of 200 pounds per square inch. Among the special articles are Richardson's balance valves, Jerome metallic packing, Coale muffler, Kunkle open pops, air operated bell ringer, French springs, Leach pneumatic sanding device, gold steam heat, monitor injector, Janney couplers and Fox pressed steel tender truck frames. Some of the principal dimensions are as follows: Weight 130,000 pounds; cylinders 20 x 26 inches; boiler diameter 62 inches; tubes diameter 2 inches; tubes number of 320; fire box width 41 inches; fire box length 108 inches; working pressure 200 pounds; heating tender water capacity 5,000 gallons; tender coal capacity 10 tons; tender trucks, pressed steel. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
SHOULD WE HAVE A HIGH LIQUOR LICENSE ?!?
Now it is clearly evident that the liquor license for the parish will be $200, the question is, is it wise for the Council to retain the license for the town at $1,000? The Gazette still believes that a high license would have done a great deal of good, but it is of the opinion that a $200 license for the parish and one of $1,000 for the town will not accomplish the object desired. A high license in the parish would have done away with a large number of grog-shops in isolated localities and a corresponding amount of good would have resulted. The purpose of the law is to close those places which are a constant source of trouble and expense to the parish and not to drive out of the liquor traffic men who are doing a legitimate business. A low license in the parish and a high license in the town will have the effect opposite to what was expected. The little cross-road saloons will become more numerous and men who are doing a more orderly and less harmful business will be forced to close.
To leave the matter as it now stands will be discriminating against the town without any chances of reducing the evil which many good people had reason to believe would be largely lessened by a high license. The troublesome little grog-shops will flourish without hindrance and the liquor dealer in the town, whose business is always under police surveillance and not apt to cause nearly as much trouble, will have to meet an unjust competition or else will be forced out of business. This will mean plenty and cheaper whiskey in the country and plenty but higher priced whiskey in town. How this condition can benefit the town, either morally or financially, we are unable to see.
It is true that the town needs every cent it is able to get, but it is pretty sure that a license of $200 or $250 will bring in as much or more revenue than one fixed at $1,000. The Council has acted in good faith in this matter, and we believe, for the public good, out in view of the action of the Police Jury, it should again consider the question and see if an amendment to the license ordinance is not fair, reasonable and proper under the circumstances.
Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Run Over by Train. - Ben Owens a negro, tramp, was run over by a train at Scott last Tuesday night while trying to steal a ride. He was brought here where he received medical attention. He was sent to the Charity Hospital in New Orleans. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Cooper & Co.'s Famous Southern Show. - This ever-welcomed show will give two of its delightful performances Wednesday, Dec. 14, and judging from the eulogistic notices given them by the press of New Orleans where they have just closed a successful week's engagement at Lee Circle, we judge that the amusement-lovers of Lafayette and vicinity will have an enjoyable time. The thrilling and nerve-testing feat by Prof. Adair who dives from a ladder 100 feet, is alone worth the price of admission. The celebrated Judge family of English acrobats will appear at every performance. The largest elephant and the only baby lions on exhibition are with this show. Everything is first-class in all details and strict business methods make the show a success. The price is the only cheap thing about the show. Admission, 15 and 25 cents. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Chase Comedy Company.
The Chase Comedy Company performed here last Sunday night. It was painfully lacking in everything that goes to make a good show. It was one of the poorest outfits that are permitted to inflict punishment upon the amusement-loving public. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Death of an old Citizen. - Last Sunday morning, as peacefully as he had lived, Alphonse Neveu, one of the most respected residents of Lafayette, answered the call of the Grim Destroyer. This ends the honorable career of another one of our old citizens who have been born and reared in the community, and whose leaving us seems to mark more vividly the passing of the traditions and memories of the troublous past. The death of these old characters leaves a tinge of sadness in cutting us loose from the chivalry of ante-bellum days and in bringing us strongly face to face with the struggles of what may be called a perfect type of the honest, unassuming and useful citizen. For years and years, he held positions of trust in our community, and none ever did his duty with more integrity and honesty. It could truly be said of him that an honest man is the noblest work of God. He fulfilled the humblest duty with care and impartiality, and thus exemplified the maxim that public office is a public trust. Few of his old comrades were living to follow his remains to their last resting place, but many of our people thus testified their respect for him. He leaves a wife and several children to mourn his loss. The Gazette with a host of friends extends its sincere sympathy to the family, and adds its humble tribute to the memory of a life well spent. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Police Jury Proceedings.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 1, 1898. - The Police Jury met this day in regular session with the following members present: R. C. Landry, C. C. Brown, Ben Avant, Alonzo Lacey, J. E. Primeaaux, Jno. Whittington, Jr., and Alfred Hebert. Absent: M. Billeaud, Jr.
The minutes of the previous meetings were read and approved:
By motion the sum of $25 was appropriated to defray in part the expenses of Hon. Ben Avant as delegate to the Farmers' National Congress at Fort Worth, Texas.
By motion per diem of members of the Board of Health was fixed at $4.
The committee appointed to estimate the probable expenses of the parish for the calendar year 1899, submitted the following report which was adopted and ordered published thirty days:
To the Hon. Police Jury - Your undersigned committee appointed to estimate the probable expenses of the parish for the year 1899, would respectfully report the following for your adoption:
JNO. WHITTINGTON, A. LACY, R. C. GREIG, Lafayette, La., Nov, 19, 1898.
Messrs. A. M. Martin, C. C. Brown and R. C. Greig were appointed to ascertain the probable revenues for 1899 and the amount or unpaid accounts approved up to date.
Treasurer Martin submitted a report showing amount received from Constable J. B. Benoit, $3.
The following accounts were laid over.
There being no further business the Police Jury adjourned.
R. C. LANDRY, President.
R. C. GREIG, Secretary.
Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
Selected News Notes (Gazette) 12/10/1898.
Joseph Canatella, brother of our your townsman, Felix Canatella, will arrive from Italy in a few days and will open a shoe-maker's shop next to John Vandergriff's.
Dr. H. P. Beeler, a graduate of the Louisville Dental College, has located in Lafayette for the purpose of practising his profession. He will open an office in the Nollive building.
Remember that the High School concert will take place in Falk's Hall, Friday night, Dec. 23. The proceeds of the entertainment will be used to build a plank-walk from Lincoln avenue to the High School building.
H. Englehart, the popular representative of the New Orleans Brewing Association, was in Lafayette this week.
J. Y. Yandell, of McPherson, Kansas, has rented the building formerly occupied as a boarding house by Mrs. Landry and will open a confectionery.
The well-known drug firm of Jos. C. Caillouet & Co., has taken charge of its elegant quarters in the Lacoste building.
Mrs. Crow Girard is visiting in New Orleans.
Lieut. Moss will leave on the 16th for his post of duty in the United States army.
Fred Mouton, of Grand Coteau, was in Lafayette this week. In another column he announced that he has decided to close his blacksmith shop here.
The reading public are informed that they can buy the principal periodicals and magazines at The Gazette News Stand.
The Delineator and the Designer, the well-known fashion Journals, are sold at the The Gazette News Stand.
Those who used to read Brann's Iconoclast should get the Gatling Gun at The Gazette News Stand. Lafayette Gazette 12/10/1898.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 10th, 1887:
ATTAKAPAS MEDICAL ASSOCIATION.
The meeting of the Attakapas Medical Association at this place was well attended, and is is to be expected of all such occasions, proved very interesting. There was a happy mingling of profit with pleasure and some very pertinent medical topics were enthusiastically discussed. Committees were appointed to investigate into the merits of the complaint made of the very foul and unhygienic condition of Bayou Teche, resulting from emptying of sewerage, etc., into this stream from the large sugar refineries strewn along its banks. Also, to consider and devise means for the prevention of the very unsanitary mode of burial practicio in so many communities. The importance of keeping strict and accurate vital and mortuary statistics throughout all the parishes was strongly dwelt upon and a united and earnest effort will be made to obtain the proper legislation.
We are enjoying what they say is the spice of life as far as the weather is concerned. For variety it is a success. One day we have a regular Indian summer, the next misty and cool, the next blustering and threatening, and then sunshine and warm.
Subscribers who are in arrears are hereby requested to please come up and settle. A newspaper can't be run altogether by wind. A little money now and then is absolutely necessary.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
...At Falk's Hall...
Profs. Fruger and Leblanc appear at Falk's Hall to-morrow night with their variety show. The entertainment is of a somewhat novel and varied character, including astonishing slight of hand tricks, ventriloquism, stereoopticon views, etc., and hence promises to be more than unusually interesting, and The Advertiser predicts a crowded house will greet the performers. The admission fee is but 25 cents, and all who wish to attend a pleasant evening should go and see the fun. Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
At the Catholic Church in Lafayette, on Tuesday, Dec. 6th, 1887, by Rev. E. Forge, Mr. Julian Mouton and Miss Rose Castille.
Both of the contracting parties are well and favorably known in this community and we but echo the good will of all, when we wish them serene happiness in the new life that has just dawned upon them.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
Police Jury Proceedings.
Lafayette, La, Nov. 5th, 1887:
A regular meeting of the Police Jury was held this day and there were present: Eastin, Primeaux and Whittington. Absent: St. Julien & Potier.
Mr. Whittington was chosen President, pro tem.
The reading of the minutes of the last meeting was dispensed with.
The committee on the Clemile Simon road submitted the following report:
To the Hon. President and members of the Police Jury, Lafayette parish:
The undersigned your committee appointed to lay out and trace a public road from the public road running South from Lafayette to the western limits of the parish, submit the following report: All parties along said road or the proposed route, donate the land necessary therefore, as will appear by the declaration annexed and also by the sketch showing the direction thereof,
Said road is laid off to be 32 feet wide and taking therefore 16 feet from each proprietor. Said road making a curve on Lewis Whittington's land, to which he consents, as shown by red ink lines.
Alcide Trahan, Desire Monte, John S. Whittington, Louis Rohee, Drozin Duhon, Valentin Duhon.
We the undersigned citizens of the Second Ward of Lafayette, Parish do hereby donate land necessary for the public road starting from the public road near Clemille Simon's, running along our lands, came to be 32 feet in width and in length according to the figures set opposite to our names, and more fully shown by the plan herewith.
Lafayette, La., October 1st, 1887.
(Signed) Louis Rohe, Clemile Simon, John S. Whittington, Valentin Duhon, Drozin C. Duhon, Dolze Duhon, Joseph Hernandez, William Montgomery, Desire Moathe.
And the said report was adopted and approved and the committee discharged.
The Treasurer submitted the following monthly statement:
Statement, Nov 4th, 1887, of J. E. Martin, Parish Treasurer of the Parish of Lafayette, of receipts and disbursements from Oct. 1st to Nov. 5th, 1887, as follows:
Treasurer's office, this 5th day of November 1887. J. E. MARTIN, Treasurer.
The following accounts were approved:
Mr. H. Eastin tendered his resignation as member of the Bridge Committee and Mr. L. G. Breaux was appointed in his stead.
The following committee of freeholders was appointed to trace and lay out a public road from a point on the public road as now established, near Mrs. Ed. Landry's place, to Duson on the La. Western Railroad: L. G. Breaux, Alex Delhomme, Chas. A. Boudreaux, Alex Martin, Horace Martin, Alcide Judice.
Fifty dollars each was allowed Valerien Primeaux and Jos. Guidry on account of their salaries as road overseers.
The Police Jury then adjourned.
J. S. WHITTINGTON, President pro tem.
CHAS. D. CAFFERY, Clerk.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
Lafayette, Dec. 6th, 1887.
Mr. Editor: - Several months ago, seeing the great necessity of having a public school building in the town of Lafayette for colored children of the parish, I contemplated, with the aid of several of my colored friends, to engage in an effort to build one.
My first effort was made on the 16th of August when I called a Children's Union, the object of which was to collect ten cents from every child in attendance. The number present on that day, and the alacrity with which they placed the sum of fourteen 55/100 dollars upon the altar of the Col. M. E. Church in America - taking about four minutes - inspired me with the faith that the object in view could be accomplished with some exertion.
In calling the children's meeting in above church the sum of five dollars was allowed it for depriving the church from holding their meeting as by the rules of the church only one such meeting can be held during one year.
Again in September I called a meeting of men, the object was to collect fifty cents a piece from them, but the call not being properly advertised, only the sum of six dollars and fifty cents was collected.
The next effort made in the work above mentioned, was in the three nights' festival recently heal, and when you see my statement I think you will agree with me, that the outlook for our little enterprise looks very encouraging, though there are some on our midst who think so little about the elevation of their condition as to give the undertaking but very little encouragement, much less their pecuniary support, and yet they have such aid at hand; and again, there are others whose finances are very limited, and though their donations are small they are given with such a warmth of heart as to make one feel confident that God loves the cheerful giver, and will crown their efforts with success.
As soon as I organize a Board of Trustees I intend purchasing a lot of ground on which to build the school house, and then again, begin operations for buying lumber for the building.
Before submitting my financial report, I wish to state that too much praise cannot be given to the young colored ladies of this town and vicinity for their aid, which contributed so much to making the festival a success.
I heartily thank all who so cordially assisted in the enterprise.
I herewith submit by report:
Total amt. collected ... $97.70
Total amt. expnded .... $43.29
Amt. on hand .... $63.41
The above is a true statement of the amount of money made at the different collections, and at the festival held on the nights of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, inst.
On the 17th inst. I intend giving a grand Calico Festival and Ball for the same benefit, and I cordially invite all my colored friends to come to the front and give me their support in this as they did in the one just ended.
I also say to my colored friends that I will continue my collections in the future as I did before the festival, and I want every one of my race, who is a lover of education to contribute something to the cause for which myself others are laboring. I say come forth one and all and help build up something that will be an honor to our race.
W. H. WILLIAMS.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 12/10/1887.
Groom the Abbeville Road.
Business in town is picking up.
The holidays will soon be upon us.
The children are preparing for the holidays.
The parish roads are very muddy in some places.
Political matters waxes hot and from this on until Tuesday the fur will fly.
There has been no ice during the week, but fires were comfortable all the same.
Now let everybody go to work and take an interest in the Abbeville railroad scheme.
There has been a shrinkage all around this season in everything but the bustle.
You can safely prepare for a big, overgrown, blustering norther. So says our oldest inhabitant.
Thieves broke open a freight car the other night and abstracted a case of groceries. The offenders have so far escaped arrest.
If a man is in doubt as to who to cast his vote for next Tuesday let him compare the two candidates. The friends of General Nicholls ask no fairer test.
There is squally weather ahead. During the past four weeks there has not been less than twenty marriages in this parish, and, if signs don't fail, this month will find an equal if not greater number in cupid toils.
Let a railroad meeting be held and a committee of citizens of each parish be appointed to consult together and arrange necessary plans for raising the means to have the Lafayette and Abbeville railroad constructed. Practical steps will secure practical results.
We are enjoying what they say is the spice of life as far as the weather is concerned. For variety it is a success.
One day we have a regular Indian summer, the next misty and cool, the next blustering and threatening and then sunshine and warm.
Posters are out for a grand dramatic entertainment to be given at Breaux Bridge, January 8th, '88, under the auspices and for the benefit of Breaux Bridge Lodge No. 3432 K. of H. A grand ball will be given after the performance. Admission 25 cents.
Look out for the prowling tramp.
Conductors of trains on the Alexandria Tap complain bitterly about the conduct of some miscreants at Carencro. They allege that for the past week a train rarely passed that town without several missiles being throw at it. Only a few nights ago what was supposed to be a bullet came crashing through the coach and narrowly missed a passenger. The train men aver that if the authorities cannot detect the offenders, they will resort to a shot gun argument.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
The Association will be represented at the next annual meeting of the State Medical Society by Dr. T. J. Woolf, of New Iberia, and Dr. A. L. Gates, of Franklin, with Dr. T. Hebert, of the former place, and Dr. N. P. Moss, of Lafayette, as alternates.
After the mind had indulged to it fullest complement, the disciples of Esculapius retired to the sumptuous festive board specially prepared and then followed the more "practical," the regaling of the inner man. The repast served, in a character and style, was well worthy of our model Epicurean of the Crescent Hotel, Von Kalckstein.
The Association will hold its next regular meeting at New Iberia, La., on the first Tuesday of May, 1888. We hope to see Lafayette the seat of many more such gatherings.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 10th, 1870:
City Council of Vermilionville.
Regular Session of Dec. 5th, 1870.
Present: W. O. Smith, Mayor. Members present: Aug. Monnier, H. Landry, J. H. Wise, R. Gagneaux and B. A. Salles. Absent: Messrs. Wm. Brandt and R. L. McBride.
The Mayor called the Council to order and the minutes of the preceding meeting were read and approved.
On motion, it was resolved, that the sum of Thirty dollars, be and is hereby allowed the Assessor for making the Assessment Rolls of the Corporation, for the year 1870.
Account of $6.00, allowed to A. Begneaud.
On motion, the Council adjourned, to next regular meeting at 4 o'clock P. M.
W. O. SMITH, Mayor.
H. M. BAILEY, Secretary.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1870.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 10th, 1907:
Death of John Nickerson.
The sad news was received here Friday of the death of Mr. John Nickerson at the home of his daughter in Houston while on a visit there. He was taken with pneumonia and succumbed to the disease in less than a week. The remains were brought to Lafayette, arriving here on the 1:30 p. m. train Friday and were met at the depot by a large number of friends and relatives, who accompanied the body to the Episcopal church funeral services were held, and then to the Protestant cemetery where interment took place.
Mr. Nickerson was a native of New York State, where he was born April 4, 1826, but was raised in Canada, his family having moved there in his early childhood. In his young manhood he developed a disposition to travel and during his long life he saw a great deal of the world and had many varied experiences. He was one of the forty-niners, as those were called who went to California in that year upon the famed discovery of gold. He spent ten years in the west, serving part of the time as the first sheriff of Sacramento county, Cal., and in those days filling the sheriff's office was a strenuous affair.
He crossed the ocean a number of times and sailed around the Horn, crossed the Nicaragua route and traveled in Brazil and other South American countries. He spent, however, the greater part of his life in Canada, which was his home until he moved to Lafayette some fifteen years ago, being attracted here because of the wonderful fertility of the soil and its fine climate. During his long residence here he possessed the high esteem of all who had the pleasure of meeting him. He was a man of strong character, of high principle and varied attainments. He always took a lively interest in public affairs and frequently wrote timely and sensible articles to the press on topics of general interest. He was a good citizen and always stood for progressive movements. In his death Lafayette loses a valuable member of the community.
He leaves two sons, Messrs. J. C. and L. D. Nickerson and one daughter, Mrs. C. K. Darling of Houston, to mourn his loss. To the bereaved one The Advertiser joins their many friends in extending sincere sympathy. Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1907.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 10th, 1910:
FLASHLIGHT VS. TURN-CRANK TELEPHONE SYSTEMS.
When Alexander Graham Bell discovered the art of transmitting the human voice over a wire by electrical energy, it was considered marvelous. The apparatus or instruments used by him in his demonstrations were very crude and it was only after the encounter of numerous trials and setbacks that he was successful in getting men with money to look favorably on his invention.
Since that day and time, and after it was shown that the telephone was not only practical, but would be of great importance, both in a business way and socially, there have been men devoting their lives to the perfection of the telephone switch-board, the receiver and transmitter, and all parts making for a complete system.
The telephone in appearance and usage 39 years ago, as compared with that of to-day, shows wonderful differences; and, the system known among telephone men as "Common Battery" commonly called "Flashlight" is but another improvement over the "turn the crank" style, which is fast becoming obsolete and out-0f-date.
We can look back only a few years and see where the "flash-light" systems were only in use in such cities as New York, Chicago and St. Louis, and it is not more than a dozen years ago that New Orleans had its first "flash-light" exchange. The limited use of this class of service was owing to the heavy cost of installation, and maintenance, and the large telephone Companies of the country were reluctant to make the change. Within the past few years, owing to the increased demand for better service, the public has insisted on the use of more up-to-date equipment, and to meet this condition the Cumberland Company, operating in this section of the country, have installed the "flash-light" service in Shreveport, Lake Charles, and other cities of Louisiana and Mississippi.
The public of Lafayette are just as up-to-the-minute as our sister cities of Louisiana, and should demand that better service which this style system affords; and should encourage the efforts being made by the leading business men on the community, who will call on every telephone user within the next few days, with a petition to be forwarded to the Railroad Commission, requiring the Cumberland Telephone Company to make this change. Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1912.
A Gloomy Trade, but Very Easy and Eminently Respectable.
He was a gloomy-looking sort of person and his face wore an expression of woe that made one think he had had it stamped there as sort of a trade-mark. He was clad in garments of the soberest hue, and from the wide weed on his high hat to the dead polish on his broad-soled shoes he looked for all the world like a man in whose family there was a death at least once a year. When he came into the street car a sort of hush fell upon the passengers out of respect of his placarded sorrow. By and by the gloomy man was asked if he had met with a bereavement lately.
"No, indeed," he replied, "there has not been a death in my family for years."
"Why, then," asked his neighbor, with more curiosity than politeness, "do you dress in such deep mourning?"
"Oh, that's on account of my business."
"You are an undertaker, then?"
"No, I am a pall-bearer," and noting the look of surprise in his interlocutor;s face he went on: "Some years ago there was a strike in my trade. " I am a carpenter, and during one of my idle days I passed a house where there was a funeral. Stopping to watch it I was approached by the undertaker, who asked me if I was going to the funeral. I said no; that I knew no one there. He then asked me if I had any objection to being a pall-bearer. I said I had none provided I was paid for it, and we finally struck a bargain. I made as much that afternoon as I would had I worked all day at my trade, and since then I have adopted pall-bearing as a means of livelihood. I dress in black, as you see, and each morning look over the death notices. I have found that my services are very seldom required where the funeral is that of a young man or woman, or where the deceased has belonged to any secret societies, and that my most profitable customers are those who have outlived most of their companions. If the dead person happens to be an unmarried lady past the meridian of life I am nearly always certain of the job. I find that at funerals the proportion of female attendants outnumbers the male about four to one, and that most of the latter are close relatives. As it is generally the rule to select the pall-bearers from among those not connected with the family you can see that my services are very frequently in demand. I generally seek out the undertaker and make my bargain with him, and I average about two funerals a day. It is a nice, easy sort of life, eminently respectable. You will have to excuse me now, as I have a funeral in this street and must get off here."
From the Philadelphia News and in the Lafayette Advertiser 12/10/1887.