LAST WARNING FOR WHITE MEN.
The voters of the parish are once more warned that if they wish to exercise the right of suffrage they must pay their poll tax on or before the last day of the month.
A congressional election will be held in 1902. Every voter must pay their poll tax on or before the last day of the year and the tax of 1901 must also be paid before the expiration of that year.
It is, therefore, plain that those who fail to pay their poll tax before the time fixed by law will be practically disfranchised through their own indifference. In its efforts to rid the electorate of the blighting curse of negro suffrage the State of Louisiana has wisely done all that it could do to save every white man from the humiliation of disfranchisement.
It now rests with you, white voters, to show whether or not you are worthy of enjoying right of suffrage. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Damages Claimed Against Southern Pacific.
Yesterday morning the trial of the damage suit of john Bonasig vs. The Southern Pacific Company was begun before Judge Debaillon. Judge O. C. Mouton represented Bonasig and Laurent Dupre, Esq., appeared for the railroad company.
On the 30th of April, 1898, while Bonasig was employed in clearing out a wreck between this place and Scott he sustained very serious and painful injuries, for which he now claims damages to the amount of $7,500.
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
AN UNWISE POLICY.
It surely must be a self-evident fact to everyone that Lafayette was not built with any view to symmetrical beauty. It must also be equally patent to the eye that the streets of the town were not intended to be much straighter than corkscrews. It is clear that these defects in our municipal make-up have largely hindered the advancement of the town, but as much as they have retarded the growth of the community, the injury caused by them pales into significance when compared with the baneful effects of the pernicious custom to build negro shanties promiscuously in all parts of the town.
We read some time ago of a protest made by residents in a certain street of Kansas City who were highly incensed because a negro had bought a home in the neighborhood. The negro was induced to seek a home elsewhere. The course pursued by these citizens of Kansas City was based upon the knowledge that the coming of such a person into their neighborhood would make it unpopular among the white people.
In most of the Southern towns localities are set apart for the colored population, or rather that portion of the race whose manner of living is of such a character as to make their segregation necessary to the peace and health of the community. There are, however, some colored families who should not be included in this number. Through commendable habits of industry they have secured for themselves comfortable homes, but they are unfortunately in a very small minority.
Along the best streets of the town "smoky rows" of negro cabins not only mar the scenery but grossly offend the senses of the most callous. In other localities landowners have huddled together as many of these unsightly cabins as it was possible to do. Leaving aside all questions of propriety, it appears to us that such a policy is exceedingly short-sighted. For, with the inevitable enhancement of town property, the time will surely come when these cheap buildings will make it impossible for the owners to make profitable use of the land, which otherwise would be worth a great deal.
It is inconceivable that so many of our citizens have ignored these facts in building houses for rent. In continuing this most unwise policy these property owners of Lafayette will cause irreparable injury to the town and will do themselves no good.
The tendency is to separate the races in the South for social as well as for more material considerations. Laws have been passed by Southern Legislatures with that end in view. In fact wherever this matter has been given any attention, prudent and wise men have agreed that both races will be greatly benefited by the adoption of every measure calculated to bring about this most desirable result.
The Gazette submits that this matter is entitled to the earnest consideration of the land-owners of this town. No doubt much harm has already been done, but a proper conception of the character of this evil will doubtless cause the adoption of a more enlightened and progressive policy. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
High License. - At the meeting of the Council held Tuesday a motion was made to fix the minimum liquor license of 1901 at $1,000. The vote was as follows: Yeas - F. E. Girard, F. Demanade, C. O. Mouton, Geo. A. DeBlanc. Nays - J. O. Mouton, H. H. Hohorst. Heretofore the license was $200. There are fourteen liquor dealers in the town. Under the new rate it is not believed there will be more than four. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
C. C. Wier, pastor. Preaching every Sunday at 11 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday school 10 a. m. Epworth League, Sunday evening 6:45. Prayer meeting, Wednesday 7:30 p. m. Song service, Friday 7:30 p. m.
There will be services at the Presbyterian church on next Sunday at 11 o'clock a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday school at 9:45, Prof. R. C. Greig, Supt. Y. P. S. C. E. Wednesday evening at 7:30 p. m.
Rev Wier has gone to the annual conference at Baton Rouge. He will be ordained as an elder by Bishop Galloway on Sunday, December 16. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
For the town of Lafayette - The City Council Increases it to One Thousand Dollars.
At the meeting of the Council held Tuesday a motion was made to fix the minimum liquor license of 1901 at $1,000. The vote was as follows: Yeas - F. E. Girard, F. Demanade, C. O. Mouton, H. H. Hohorst. Heretofore the license was $200.
There are fourteen liquor dealers in the town. Under the new rate it is not believed there will be more than four. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
The Council is Complimented.
LAFAYETTE, La., Dec. 14, 1900.
To the Lafayette Gazette:
Please allow me space enough in The Gazette to compliment our City Council upon their action, in passing the high license ordinance. I, as a father and a grandfather, would say to them "well done good and faithful Servants. Future generations will rise up and call you blessed."
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
A SPLENDID SHOWING
Made by Sheriff Broussard in the Collection of Taxes.
The settlement recently made by Sheriff Broussard and the parish for the taxes of 1899 makes a very good showing for that officer.
The total amount of parish taxes on the assessment rolls of 1899 was $23,183.02. The books show that Sheriff Broussard has collected and turned over into the treasury $22,029.85, which is very near 95 per cent. But in the 5 per cent, of uncollected taxes, must be included the taxes charged on erroneous assessments and property sold to the State. When these items, amounting to $637.50, are taken into consideration it will be seen that Sheriff Broussard has collected and accounted for 98 cents on the dollar. And as he is still collecting back taxes it will not be surprising if his collections reach within the fraction of a cent of the maximum.
This, we believe, is as good a showing as was ever made by a tax-collector. It also speaks well for the tax-payers of Lafayette parish. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
The Holiday Buying Season is Now On.
We are constantly studying our customers' needs. We think and work them unremittingly. Encouraged by the prosperous conditions of Southwest Louisiana, and the bright outlook for a bumper holiday trade, we have made extraordinary trade, we have made extraordinary preparations for the season's business. We believe a great season for jewelry is at hand. People everywhere are going to wear more jewelry and wear better jewelry than ever - so we want Lafayette to keep in line and call at Biossat's Jewelry Store. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
First National Bank.
By authorization of the Board of Directors the First National Bank will pay a semi-annual dividend of five per cent to Jan. 1, 1901, and at the same time pass over a neat sum of this prosperous local institution. The annual meeting for the election of directors will be held Tuesday, Jan. 8, 1901. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Is the Title of a Farce Comedy to be Played by Local Amateurs for the Benefit of the Episcopal Church.
On Wednesday, the 19th of this month, the people of Lafayette and vicinity will have an opportunity to enjoy a splendid theatrical treat, while, at the same time, contributing to the success of a most laudable cause. For some weeks past a number of young persons of the town have been devoting condsiderable time in the preparation of an entertainment which bids fair to rank as one of the best of its kind in the history of the local stage.
Under the skillful management of Dr. F. E. Girard, rehearsals, of a bright and amusing play, entitled "College Chums," have been held with the view of presenting to the theater-loving public an entertainment well worthy their generous patronage. Most of the young ladies and gentlemen are participating in the play have already displayed histrionic talent of a high order and it is safe to say that the performance next Wednesday will be a gratifying success.
The play is being advertised throughout the parish and there is every reason to believe that the people of the adjoining towns will attend in large numbers.
The characters are cast as follows:
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Schuman Concert Co.
This well known company of musical artists will appear at Falk's Opera-house, on Thursday, Dec. 20. The members of this company are musicians of recognized skill as many people here are ready to testify. Among them are Miss Edith Adams whose mastery of the violoncello has won the praise of cultured audiences in the largest cities of the Union.
Miss Grace Chalier Caborn, the soprano possesses a voice of rare sweetness and her operatic selections never fail to elicit the plaudits of those who have good singing.
Miss Zulienne Searles Balkon is a reader of unusual merit.
Miss Charlotte Tarrant, the young lady who play the harp, is said to perform admirably on this instrument.
A portion of the proceeds of this peformance will go to the Episcopal church fund. Seats on sale at Gardebled's. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Against the Southern Pacific Company - $7,500 Asked.
Yesterday morning the trial of the damage suit of John Bonasig vs. The Southern Pacific Company was begun before Judge Debaillon. Judge O. C. Mouton represented Bonasig and Laurent Dupre, Esq., appeared before the railroad company.
On the 30th of April, 1898, while Bonasig was employed in clearing out a wreck between this place and Scott he sustained very serious and painful injuries, for which he now claims damages to the amount of $7,500. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Death by Drowning.
Hermann Friedman, who will be remembered by many people in Lafayette, having spent several months here, was drowned last Tuesday in Bayou Teche near Hope plantation in Iberia parish. Nothing was found to indicate, the manner of his death, other than that it was caused by drowning. His remains were taken to New Orleans for burial.
Mr. Friedman was 33 years of age and a native of Germany. He was a nephew of Morris Sterns, of New Orleans, and a brother of Sam Friedman, of Bayou Sarah. He was not married. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
LAST WARNING TO WHITE MEN.
The voters of the parish are once more warned that if they wish to exercise the right of suffrage they must pay their poll tax on or before the last day of the month.
A congressional election will be held in 1902. Every voter at that election will be called upon to show his poll tax receipts for 1900 and 1901. The tax of 1900 must be paid on or before the last day of the year and the tax of 1901 must also be paid before the expiration of that year.
Is is, therefore, plain that those who fail to pay their poll tax before the the time fixed by law will be practically disfranchised through their own indifference.
In its efforts to rid the electorate of the blighting curse of negro suffrage the State of Louisiana has wisely done all that it could do to save white man from the humiliation of disfranchisement.
It now rests with you, white voters, to show whether or not you are worthy of enjoying the right of suffrage. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
SILK GOWNS FOR THE JUDGES.
Upon the recommendation of the New Orleans Bar Association the judges of the State Supreme Court have decided to appear on the bench in black silk gowns. It is also reported that the judges of the Civil and Criminal courts of New Orleans will, in all likelihood, follow the example of their superiors by adopting the same kind of judicial apparel. It is even grimly hinted that an effort will be made to have the judges in the country districts wear similar habiliments when dispensing justice. We are told by an enlightened contemporary that these gowns will give dignity to our judges and will have a tendency to separate the judiciary from the vulgar throng.
The Gazette desires to register an earnest protest against this innovation. It may be very well for the English judged, but it won't do in Louisiana. With an eye to the eternal fitness of things this paper objects to this gown business. With due respect to the distinguished character of the United States Supreme Court we believe that men look best in trousers.
Xavier Martin, Porter and the other great intellects who shaped Louisiana's superb jurisprudence got along splendidly without skirts and no one has charged that they were wanting in dignity.
We know certain Lousiana jurists, who, though learned in the law, can not be called handsome, and while silk robes may add to their dignity, the change will be positively detrimental to their physical appearance. But if we must have the gowns we humbly plead for a gradual transition. It will not do to force the gown upon some of our judges. Born and bred with the ideas of Jeffersonian simplicity uppermost in their minds, it is not strange it they should feel more comfortable in pants of homespun cloth than attired in rustling robes of imported black silk. As a sort of compromise measure we would suggest that bloomers be employed as an experiment; then, possibly, skirts will be less objectionable and in the course of the natural evolution of things the malakoff might be accepted as necessary adjunct to the thoroughly modern judicial garment. In making these suggestions The Gazette must not be understood to be an advocate of the proposed change. On the contrary, it is irrevocably opposed to the whole scheme, for it is not clear to our imperfect vision how trousers - man's natural garment - are inconsistent with judicial dignity. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
City Council Proceedings.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 6, 1900. - The Police Jury met this day in regular session with the following members present, M. Billeaud, Jr., J. C. Buchanan, F. G. Mouton, Alonzo Lacy, J. O. Blanchet, Alex M. Broussard, J. A. Labbe and Jno. Whittington. Absent: Saul Broussard.
The minutes of the previous meeting were read and approved.
The committee appointed to settle with the tax collector submitted the following report which was adopted:
Lafayette, La., Nov. 21, 1900. - To the Hon. Police Jury: Your undersigned committee appointed to settle with the sheriff and tax collector for taxes of 1899 and to grant quietus if said accounts were found correct, would respectfully report having carefully examined the books and accounts of the tax collector, finding same correct. The following statement shows the basis upon which your committee settled with the sheriff.
The above balance has been paid by check in favor or Treasurer Martin in hands of your committee.
Your committee would recommend that in future settlements with the tax collector, the Jury require the filing of affidavit to the effect that all legal means have been exhausted in the collection of delinquent taxes, before appointment of committee to grant quietus. The deduction list aggregates $804 a portion of which could be realized by seizure and sale of personal property and the sheriff has expressed his intention to collect all possible by these means.
Finally your committee would report that quietus has been granted the sheriff and tax collector for all taxes of 1899.
F. G. MOUTON, J. A. LABBE, R. C. GREIG, Committee.
The committee appointed to estimate the probable expenses of the parish for the year 1901 submitted the following report which was adopted, Messrs. J. C. Buchanan and Jno. Whittington voting nay on the item increasing the appropriation for schools from $3,000 to $4,000.
Lafayette, La., Nov. 21, 1900. - To the Hon. Police Jury: Your undersigned committee appointed to estimate the probable expenses of the parish for the year 1901 would respectfully submit the following budget for your adoption:
F. G. MOUTON, J. A. LABBE, R. C. GREIG, Committee.
By motion of Mr. Mouton it was resolved that each ward member work the public roads in his ward as he sees fit.
Mr. Mouton moved to fix the liquor license for 1901 at $1,000. No second. Mr. Buchanan moved to fix the license at $200 and same was adopted by the following vote: Yeas - Buchanan, Lacy, Whittington, Blanchet. Nays - Labbe, Mouton, Billeaud.
The following petition signed by 107 citizens of the third ward was read, the petition referring to the proposed contract with Mr. Sidney Martin to work the roads of the third ward.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 3, 1900. - To the Honorable President and Members of the Police Jury, in and for the parish of Lafayette, La. - We, the undersigned tax payers of the third ward of the parish of Lafayette, La., petition your honorable body to request Mr. J. C. Buchanan, police juror of the third ward of this parish, to execute and sign the contract in accordance with the bid, a copy of which is hereto annexed.
From information received the bid above mentioned was offered and accepted, but on the day appointed, Mr. J. C. Buchanan, police juror aforesaid, refused to sign the contract under the bid.
Believing it would be to the interest of the parish, and the best means to secure good roads, we earnestly recommend that said contract be executed without delay.
Mr. Buchanan, refusing to sign the contract, by request of Mr. Mouton, Mr. Sidney Martin withdrew his proposition.
The treasurer submitted his reports as follows:
To the President and Members of Police Jury, Parish of Lafayette, La. - Following is a statement of receipts and disbursements of parish funds since my last report:
J. E. MARTIN, Treasurer.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 6, 1900.
To the President and Members of Police Jury, Parish of Lafayette, La. - Following is a statement of receipts and disbursements of special road tax funds since my last report:
J. E. MARTIN, Treasurer.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 6, 1900.
The following accounts were laid over:
H. Theall, stove for school ... $7.50
Geo. DeBlanc, coal ... $4.90
A. E. Mouton, lumber ... $7.53
The following accounts were approved:
There being no further business the Police adjourned.
M. BILLEAUD, JR., President.
R. C. GREIG, Secretary.
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
Selected News Notes (Gazette) 12/15/1900.
Mr. Caillouet, father of Judge P. Caillouet of Lafourche, was on a visit to relatives in Lafayette this week.
The Gazette's Job printing department has just received a well selected stock of paper and is prepared to promptly fill all orders. Don't send off for work that can be done here just as well and for less money.
Attention is called to the advertisement of John Bunt who announces that he will own and operate a pop factory in Lafayette.
Last Sunday evening Mrs. P. B. Roy entertained a number of young people at her home in Royville. A progressive euchre was given in honor of Miss Edvige Olivier. Handsome prizes were presented to the winners.
The proceedings of the City Council will appear in next Saturday's issue of The Gazette.
C. U. Simms, of Port Arthur, Texas, has moved to Lafayette with his family. Mr. Simms announces in this issue of The Gazette that he will engage in the manufacture of carbonated drinks which he will supply to the local trade.
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1900.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 15th, 1900:
A MERRY XMAS TO ALL.
Tuesday is Xmas., and the Advertiser wishes a merry Xmas to its readers and their friends. Let good tidings of prosperity follow the footsteps of every body; let health be the guide of the rich and the poor, and with the good times staring us ahead, we drink a bumper to the merry chimes of a Merry Xmas.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
The quartet of artists composing the Schuman Opera Co., played to a large audience at Falk's Hall on Thursday night half of the proceeds going to the Episcopal fund now being collected. The troupe of artists are masters in their own lines, and special comment should be given Miss Adams, the celebrated "cello" in the difficult operatic solos rendered. Miss Brascon as an elocutionist made quite a hit, here voice being clear and her gestures perfect. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
The young men of Lafayette will give a dance at Lacoste's Hall New Year's eve. Extensive preparations are in order, excellent music has been provided for the occasion, and the Advertiser feels sure the boys will have a good time. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
Mr. Thompson is a natural musician, and plays the Violin, Cornet, Piano, Clarinet, Flute, Trombone, Bass Violin, Banjo, Chinese Fiddle, Harmonica, Lilliputian, Violin, Bagpipes, Church Chime Bells and a solo on the horn of a cow. At Falk's Opera House, Dec. 27th. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
Reverend Weir Reappointed.
Rev. C. C. Wier has been reappointed Pastor of the Lafayette Methodist Church. The Advertiser congratulates its Methodist friends in having the Rev. Wier again with them. Mr. Wier has made many friends in Lafayette who are delighted to know that a change in the ministry was not effected.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
F. N. B.
At a regular meeting of the Board of Directors of the First National Bank of Lafayette held the (?) instant, a semi-annual dividend of five per cent, was declared payable Jan. 1st, 1901.
S. R. PARKERSON, Cashier.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 12th, 1900.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
NOTICE TO STOCKHOLDERS.
The annual stockholders' meeting of the First National Bank of Lafayette will be held at the banking house Tuesday, Jan. 8th, 1901, between the hours of 10 a. m., and 4 p. m., for the election of nine directors to serve during the ensuing year.
S. R. PARKERSON, Secretary.
Lafayette, La., Dec. 12th, 1900.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 12/15/1900.
The Advertiser inadvertently omitted to mention Doctor G. A. Martin's visit to Beaumont, Tex., during the rice carnival. Winsome Miss Michael accompanied her papa to the Texas city.
Mr. Thomas Cormier of Isle des Cannes, as found the bill book lost by Mr. Frank Miller, of Broussardville. The latter gentlemen may procure same by applying for it.
Twenty-one soldiers returning from the Philippines stopped for dinner at the Crescent Hotel Saturday en route for New Orleans.
Arthur Leblanc has just returned from Abbeville with 65 head of fat cattle. Mr. Leblanc's business has increased to enormous proportions.
Wm. Martin and wife from Welsh, and Mrs. Chas. P. Martin, with her two little girls and Ed. Martin from Crowley visited Dr. G. A. Martin's family this week.
Dr. and Mrs. G. W. Scranton and Miss Gertrude Scranton attended the Bechet-Brown wedding at Carencro Wednesday.
The charming Miss Bella Judice, of Scott, visited friends in Lafayette several days this week.
Representatives Cade and Durio were in Lafayette Thursday.
Herman Friedman, well known in Lafayette committed suicide in Bayou Teche near Jeanerette. It is said that ill health was the cause of the unfortunate's rash act.
Breaux Bridge is assured of a Bank. Our little sister village on the Teche is putting on city airs.
Mr. John Bunt has purchased from Mr. Ed Lehman the Etta Bottling Works and will continue the manufacturing of pop at the same stand. He is now ready to deliver all the latest soft drinks at residences. Ring up phone 53, Cumberland. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1900.
From the Lafayette Gazette of December 15th, 1894:
SECOND WARD PRIMARIES.
Primaries will be held in the second ward today to select a member of the Police Jury to replace Mr. Ford Hoffpauir, who resigned from that body on account of sickness. The names of Messrs. Ben Avant and Jno. Hoffpauir will be submitted to the voters. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Weather Does Little Damage.
Notwithstanding the wind held full away here for a short period Sunday night, but little damage was done. A few signs were blown down, some fences were loosened from their moorings. The rain that accompanied the wind was a god-send, as the long continued drought had placed the water supply at very low ebb, and the little water remaining in the cisterns was becoming somewhat rebellious in its nature - but, thank heavens, Time makes all things even and we look for a bountiful flow of the clouds' "best" from now on. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Crow Girard Burglarized.
Last Wednesday night burglars entered the home of Mr. Crow Girard and stole a gold watch. The Friday following the New Orleans papers published an account of the arrest of a suspicious character, in whose possession was found a gold watch bearing the monogram of Mr. Girard's father, the late M. E. Girard. These facts were brought to the knowledge of Sheriff Broussard who wired to Chief Gaster to hold the prisoner as he was wanted here. The sheriff left the same day and returned Tuesday with Hanson, who admitted his guilt to the officer. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
A traveling man says he desires no better solace than resting over in Lafayette of a Sabbath and gazing upon the loveliness of our young ladies. He adds, "that there is no place in the state where the women show so much spirit as here," and can only account for it on the strength of our superior climate. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Judge Debaillon received a majority of 1,066 votes in Lafayette parish which to 130 in Acadia gives him 1,196 more votes than Judge Barry. Mr. Campbell, Lafayette's candidate for district attorney carried Acadia by 49 votes. His majority in Lafayette being 1,279 he is 1,328 ahead of Mr. Smith in the district. The Gazette never doubted that Messrs. Debaillon and Campbell would win but it hardly expected their majorities to go over a thousand. Lafayette Gazette 12/16/1899.
The Gazette has heard some flattering comments on the address delivered by Mr. J. R. Domengeaux at the Thanksgiving celebration at Prof. Toler's school near Milton. We are informed that our young friend made a creditable effort, which was much appreciated by the audience, all of whom understood the French language. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
First White Sugar.
The Billaud refinery near Broussard has the honor of manufacturing the first white sugar ever made in this parish. After several obstacles to overcome Mr. Billaud may justly feel proud of what he has accomplished. He has shown what pluck and enterprise can do. The Gazette wishes him success, which, we have no doubt, he will attain. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Jules Guidry, a young negro, has been contenting himself with a cheap "Monte Cristo." His forte has been shooting at every poor, innocent dog that passed his way, sometimes inflicting injury to the animal. We have no society for the prevention of cruelty to animals here in Lafayette, but there were people who saw no sense in such a spirit in the lad, and they had him arrested. When searched there was found on him a pair of brass knuckles. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Our merchants are displaying a metropolitan spirit in their window display of holiday goods. Judging from the same we see no necessity of our people taking their trade to any other parish than Lafayette. Our merchants are all progressive, and have a thorough knowledge of what will please the most fastidious, and have laid in their holiday stocks with the purpose in view. So The Gazette advises its readers to examine the stock our trades people have to sell before looking elsewhere. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Mrs. M. E. Simpson.
This lady has been engaged in business in Lafayette for so many years that she is enabled to know exactly the kind of goods that will please the trade. Not to be behind, this year Mrs. Simpson has placed in stock the very latest styles of millinery goods, and in this respect here establishment is replete. The young ladies here have a chance to obtain their headgear at very reasonable prices inasmuch as Mrs. Simpson being a very close buyer is enabled to her trade the benefit of her knowledge. There is no reason then for looking elsewhere for goods, when right here in our midst we find an establishment of this kind. So don't be talked into buying cheap trash goods, but take your trade to the legitimate source and receive a true value for your expenditure. Mrs. Simpson's trade extends over the entire parish and she has builded it up by careful study of the wishes of the community. Here the ladies will find a fine opportunity to indulge their desire in holiday presents, as Mrs. Simpson is carrying a complete line in the way of notions, and her assortment is so complete that the wishes of the purchaser can be readily gratified. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Is on the lookout for the Christmas trade and wants old folks and young folks to not make a grave mistake and go elsewhere for their presents, as he has this year taken more than ordinary precaution to see he has stock everything to satisfy the wishes of the buyer, and he has sealed the prices in such a way that it is carte blanche for your returning to the old stand. He loses no time in carrying dead goods but always keeps up to date in maintaining his stock of goods, both in groceries, crockery, willow ware, fancy goods and novelties, and so far as his prices are concerned he says if I don't give you a bargain I won't invite you back. Of course his prices are tempting, sometimes more than half the real worth. But there's more than that, he has goods for every taste. Very little costs mean a very narrow choice and sluggish styles, and out of season qualities. They mean nothing of that sort at Demanade's. He prides himself on having everything new and fresh. He wants you to come and see his goods, and assures you that you will go away pleased. He has been engaged in business in this city for several years and is familiar with your wants and during these holidays intent is to give his customers the benefit of this knowledge. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
The writers of books are possessed of one penchant that attracts more attention than any other - that is a description of the shops of Parish, and in this they lay open the most attractive spot of their article - describing as they do in minute detail every feature that pertains to a business. Charles Dickens, in his "Curiosity Shop" indicates a traffic of this nature, describing it as particularly attractive on account of its varied characteristics. And so we thought when visiting the store of Mr. Wm. Clegg yesterday. He is carrying the very latest line of novelties and is making an elegant display of the same. On the tables is exhibited the offering for these holidays, including any and everything to be found in the novelty line. His display in this respect we regard as the finest in this city, being so well designed as to attract attention. The high intrinsic value of the offering on his sale list should recommend themselves to the public, especially to every economic person dealing with him. He is carrying for the trade, articles of use; articles of merit; and articles of necessity, and in fact anything that serves the want of the trades people, and this at cheap rates. We commend to our readers an examination of his goods, content with the knowledge that they will be repaid.
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
A reporter for The Gazette dropped into Rosenfield's store yesterday and found the genial proprietor preparing for an event of more import to him than what it is to the public; but he was not so absorbed but he had a just appreciation of his many customers. Mr. Rosenfield, in a measure, is a new comer, coming here last August from Baton Rouge. He observed that this was an elegant spot for conducting a general store, and going on the hypothesis that a study was a proper study, and that study was a study of the desires of the people he purchased the stand where he is now situated, and filled it with its completed stock as can be found in any inland city of Louisiana. His customers obtain the benefit of close-buying disposition, as he purchases at the hear fount, and for cash. His opportunity enabled him to completely revolutionize the prices in the city, as many of his competitors will concede today.
His stock consists of dry goods, hats and caps, clothing for men and boys, queensware, lamps of the very loveliest pattern, all bought especially for the holiday trade. Indeed nothing is lacking on the shelves of Morris Rosenfield's store that is presumed to be found in an establishment replete with its assortment. His sales are conducted on the principle of furnishing to his customers all articles at a living profit, and by parsing policy his trade is expanding every day.
To those whose inclination during these holidays tends toward the purchase of something that may be useful we commend attention to Rosenfield's, especially should you want a little money to go a long way. We quote here some of his prices as deduced from his holiday circular: Brown sheeting at 13 1/4 cents, worth 20 cents; 10 1/4 blankets worth $1.50 for 75 cents; men's pants, $3.00, $2.25 and $1.25, selling price of which in New Orleans is 25 per cent higher; ladies' dong als shoes at 90 cents, worth $1.50; Turkey red damask worth 40 cents per yard over his counter sells for 25 cents. But why enumerate prices. He says he gives bargains and the customer is not long in finding this out.
In newspaper parlance Morris Rosenfield is known as a hustler. He is studying the interests of the people and The Gazette takes pleasure in commending his house to our many readers. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
The Merchant Tailor.
No well regulated town is complete without the tailor and his goose. He is as essential to the community as the song book to the church choir. And he must be man of knowledge; be an architect, and be a builder. Lafayette is fortunate in this respect. M. Rosenfield keeps in line with the varied changes in fashion and being a practical cutter is enabled to furnish a garment after the very latest mode. Aside from the merchant tailoring business Mr. Rosenfield is conducting a dyeing and repairing establishment, and we would suggest to our young men, those who have garments somewhat run down, it is a good idea to keep them in tone by renovation. Mr. Rosenfield's prices are reasonable, and he is ready to accommodate the public at short notice. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
A handsome piece of architecture is not only found in the large and commodious structure, but discerned within the confines of a store. At least so we thought when looking over T. M. Biossat's preparations for the holidays. We stated to him that he was fastidious in his display and he replied, "yes! I must be. I have been studying the taste of our people and for a long time. I have viewed our people from the little boy and girl up to the grim-visaged adult. Studied them day and night - for that's part of my business. Know their varying wishes and ideas pretty well, and have provided for them. That's why my store attracts so many dressers. I learn something new every day, as I don't know it all, yet I keep piling on knowledge and given the benefit of it to my trade. You will not find a finer establishment of its kind in any inland city than this; I have a pride in it, and so have the people, and I want them all to come and see my stock this week. It is especially prepared for the holidays, and will be disposed of at righteous prices."
This is the way Mr. Biossat, the jeweler, speaks. He dosen't mince words, but strikes right out from the shoulder. And the thought suggested itself to us and we hope it will to the reader. There is an importance attached to our holiday purchases. A piece of jewelry as a present to a dear friend bears with it an impress that never can fade. It always keeps in sight, not on account of its intrinsic value, but for the pleasing and refreshing memory.
Mr. Biossat has a jewelry store that is really a credit to a larger place than Lafayette. Not only does he carry a large line in the way of watches, clocks, bracelets, rings, chains, and in fact anything to be found in a well-conducted jewelry emporium, but is a manufacturer and jobber in the ware, keeping a salesman on the road, and having in his employ one of the best expert jewelers in the United States, whose work will compare favorably with that of Tiffany of New York. And Mr. Biossat takes pleasures in displaying this handicraft, and so does The Gazette when advising its readers to visit his store for the purpose of examining his display of gems. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
The Gentil House.
Mrs. Raoul Gentil has to the public the Gentil House near the depot in this place; is now prepared to accommodate the traveling contingent that may stop over in Lafayette for either a short or long time. The rooms of the "Gentil" are newly furnished, the comfort of the guest having been the prime object. The table at all times will be supplied with the very best obtainable in the market. In this connection it is well to say the "Gentil" is prepared to receive boarders by the day or week, at very reasonable rates. Meals will be served at all hours during the day. Attention is called to an advertisement in this week's Gazette of this popular caravansary. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Mrs. Albert Judice, born Gertrude Scranton, died at her residence in this town last Saturday. Mrs. Judice was a native of Lafayette, being a daughter of the late Dr. Scranton. She was a few months over 46 years of age and always lived in this town where her many womanly virtues had won for her the respect of all. Her life was spent in doing good, succoring the needy and consoling the afflicted. She was a devout Catholic and it may be said that no one ever followed the doctrines of that church with more fervor and sincerity and with no ostentation; she was the true christian, who lived and died such. Many charitable deeds maker her life worthy the emulation of younger mothers - for she was the model mother in every respect. In her death society sustains the loss of a useful member, the church is void of a faithful worker in the cause of the Saviour, and four children have been deprived of the dearest thing on earth - a mother. To them The Gazette extends its sympathy. Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
Selected News Notes (Gazette) 12/15/1894:
Don't fail to see Jennie Holman at Falk's Sunday night.
Last Saturday was a church holiday, and was strictly observed by many of our people.
The "nickel in the slot" craze seems to be pervading the entire country.
The recent rain was a blessing to the gardeners, but we imagine the cotton pickers were something like the condemned sinner who when told that death was near would like to have had one more week to prepare for it in.
Would it not be well for our council to invite some of the visitors from the North to come to Lafayette and examine our incomparable resources? The infusion of some new blood and spirit in this section would send Lafayette ahead of any inland city in the state.
It is said that a negro "hobo" who was in the smash-up and Cade Sunday night, had his hip-joint badly distorted.
Notwithstanding the frequent disasters on the roads the passenger trains are maintaining good schedule time.
The telephone wires in this vicinity suffered from Sunday night's rain.
"Everything must be wide-awake around these parts," said a strange last night. "Why?" we asked. "It's now nine-thirty p. m., and the cocks are crowing for the morrow morn," he replied.
Lafayette Gazette 12/15/1894.
From the Lafayette Advertiser from December 15th, 1894:
Death of Mrs. Albert Judice.
Mrs. Albert Judice, nee Gertude Scranton, died on the 8th. instant, at the age of 46 years and 8 months. In her death this community has lost a true and noble christian woman. Ever ready to respond to the call of charity her life on this earth was a shining exemplification of love and goodness, and when an insidious disease at last prostrated her form and rendered her powerless to longer do the Master's bidding, she summoned to her aid all her christian fortitude and patiently and peacefully and hopefully awaited the end, and the reward of a life well spent on earth.
The funeral services took place at the catholic church Sunday afternoon amidst a great throng of sorrowing relatives and friends. The interior of the church had been heavily draped in black as a fitting token of the profound sorrow wrought by the death of her whom all had learned to revere. Rev. Father Forge, deeply affected, officiated, assisted by the Rev. Fathers Maltrait and Stokalper. The latter took occasion to speak in the most feeling terms of the departed one, his words bringing tears to the eyes of many present.
Two sons and two daughters, the eldest Mrs. J. Alfred Mouton, were left as survivors of the deceased, and to them pour out the deep sympathy of sorrowing friends in their present great bereavement. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894.
A Peculiar Accident.
Mr. P. A. Chiasson, member of the school board and one of Lafayette's best known parishioners, was the victim of a peculiar accident on the night of the 7th. instant. Under the influence of somnambulism (sleep-walking) he passed out of his dwelling through a window falling heavily to the ground and fracturing an arm in three places, as well as sustaining other serious bodily injuries. Dr. P. M. Girard has been administering to his wants and the present condition of the unfortunate man is favorable as could be expected under the circumstances.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894.
Robber Located. - Last Sunday morning mayor Wm. Campbell communicated to Mr. Crow Girard information he had obtained from Saturday's New Orleans newspapers to the effect that detectives had arrested one Orson Hanson who could not give a satisfactory account of a gold watch with the letters "M. E. G." engraved on it, a gold masonic square and compass bearing the letter "G" and several small pieces of jewelry, found in his possession. The description of the jewelry exactly corresponded with articles stolen from Mrs. M. E. Girard three days previously, so Mr. Crow Girard and local officers at once placed themselves in communication with the New Orleans police to secure the detention of the thief, and last Tuesday afternoon he was brought to Lafayette under escort of Sheriff Broussard and safely landed in the prison. Hanson, when brought face to face with Mr. Crow Girard, at the People's State bank, coolly admitted to the theft, in which he explained in detail the manner by which it was accomplished.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894.
No Fireworks. - The mayor, believing it advisable to give the public no excuse for violating the ordinance passed by the city council last fall prohibiting the discharge of fire-works of every description within the corporation limits. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894.
SPEND YOUR MONEY WHERE YOU MAKE IT.
A pernicious practice and one whose prevalence is continually increasing in Lafayette is that of sending off to other and distant markets for innumerable commodities that are to be had at home. It is a principal based on a false and an entirely erroneous idea of economy as all are ready to admit in the end, when considered from the standpoint of self interest. Any plan or policy whose ultimatum is the sending out of a community money rightfully belonging to local circulation must, of necessity, directly contribute to the impoverishment of that community in an exact ratio with the extent to which a system is practiced. A consumer in Lafayette orders a bill of goods from New Orleans or elsewhere, amounting to $20. The transportation charges are usually from 3 to 5 per cent of the amount of the bill, on purchases of this class. On the bill in question we will estimate the express charges at 75 cents, to which must be added 15 cents return charges on money, making a total of $20.90. The NET profit on merchandise of the class that has been ordered in this case can be represented by a common average of 10 per cent of the selling price, so that if the purchase had been made at a local merchant the latter would have cleared $2 on the sale. This $2 and the 75 cents transportation charges and the 15 cents return charges on the money, amounting to $2.90, is exactly $2.90 sent out of the community, of money that can never return to us. What does it mean? Only this, that $2.90 more has been withdrawn from local circulation and from the support and sustenance of the residents of the town. This $2.90 represents the large volume of money that is daily leaving the town and parish of Lafayette to build up opulent cities of other sections of the country.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 15th, 1908:
THE SCHOOL SYSTEM.
Communication from Dr. Moss, Retiring President of School Board, Read by the Secretary at First meeting of New School Board.
We print below in full the communication from Dr. N. P. Moss, the retiring president of the old school board, read by the secretary at the first meeting of the new school board last Thursday.
The communication is very interesting because of the general view of the school system given, and also because it explains the purpose and policy of the old board. In conclusion Dr. Moss recommends that the books of the old school board be audited by an expert accountant as a matter of justice to both the old and the new boards - a recommendation we think both timely and proper.
The communication was as follows:
Lafayette, La., Dec. 10, 1908.
To the Honorable President and Members of the Board of School Directors inducted into office in Lafayette Parish this date.
Gentlemen: - I feel that it will not be regarded as an intrusion on my part to present for the consideration of your honorable body a few facts and suggestions which may prove helpful to you in connection with the important work you are just now undertaking. I do this as a member of the out-going school board, which honored me with the presidency of the school board for four years, and as one who has been actively connected with school administration in Lafayette parish for the past eight years.
The public school system of this parish has attained quite large proportions in late years, due to a marked increase in the number of children attending school and, also, in the property valuation of the schools - the enrollments now being not far from the five thousand mark and the property valuation having passed beyond one hundred thousand dollars.
You will no doubt be impressed by just one statement with the fact that the task of administering the public school system of Lafayette parish with which you are charged, is a rather serious piece of business. It is both a difficult and a laborious task - the collection and wise expenditure of the present school revenues of about forty thousand dollars a year for maintenance; the appointment of a hundred or more principals, teachers and other employees; the purchase of school supplies, the building, enlargement and remodeling of school buildings to meet new requirements; the leasing of school lands, etc.; all these constitute an affair of some magnitude which requires business talent and good judgment not unworthy of the best ability and the ripest experience. Of course, the employment of an able and energetic executive officer in the person of parish superintendent of schools will materially lighten the labor of the school board.
The School Board of this parish has under its control thirty school houses containing sixty-eight class rooms, a teaching corps and other employees numbering over one hundred persons, besides an army of children. This places a great responsibility upon the members of the school board; and as the position of school director is one solely of honor and trust it should be accepted with a view only of subserving the higher good of the schools, and therefore every vestige of individual bias, sentimental, political or religious, should be sunk in the official relation of directors to the children's welfare and the public interest.
The public school system is probably the greatest presently at work for the permanent security and advancement of our country. The schools today are organized and conducted upon the most approved and modern plans, both with respect to the physical well-being and the intellectual and moral development of the children. The course of study is so arranged as to give the boys and girls such training as will better fit them for good and useful citizenship, and the school exercises are planned and conducted upon the same principle. It behooves us not only to zealously guard the high standard already attained, but to push forward to a still higher plane. To let well enough alone would mean to retrograde. Improvements can and must be made.
A correct understanding of your real function as directors and a clear-out division of responsibility between the board and the executive salaried officers will insure the greatest success in your administration of the school system. Adequate authority and freedom of action must be given the executive officers, and they are entitled to protection in the discharge of their duties, so that they can accomplish what they are charged to do, so that responsibility can be located, so there can be no shirking, so that grievances can be addressed, so that the officer who fails in the proper performance of his duty can be held accountable.
The principals and teachers, and all other employees of the school system, are entitled to the full support of the school board. They occupy positions before the public and are peculiarly liable to criticism and reproach. They should know that they will always have the firm backing of the board in all their acts which are right. The board should, however, be unswerving in demanding efficiency in the service, and must be courageous enough to displace any and all incompetents. While kindly encouragement and counsel should be employed before harsh measures are resorted to, the interests of the children should at all times be borne in mind.
By far the most important of the duties of the school board is to see that every grade in every school is vitalized and spiritualized by a teacher and that the head of every school be a person of a type worthy of holding the position. School directors should ever be deaf to the selfish appeal of friend or politician, and never swayed by religious or other prejudice. Teachers should be assigned to the work they can do best, and advancement made only on the ground of merit. Worthy and efficient teachers and principals are and should be secure in their positions. We should do all in our power to induce the best talent to enter the service and to encourage such talent to remain in it. Teaching is the noblest of all the professions, and its ranks should be filled with the best brains and with true genius. The teacher to a large degree is responsible for the ideals of the young, and the true teacher is an ideal man or woman, standing for culture, progress and humanity. I would not counsel extravagance in salaries, but the good teacher is a valuable public servant and should receive just recompense.
One of the prerequisites of a school director is criticism and abuse, which are at times freely given by the press and the public. The action of school board members are not infrequently condemned without an adequate inquiry into the reasons which prompted them. A disgruntled principal or teacher, a parent with a grievance, sometimes justified and sometimes imagined, an ill-disposed newspaper reporter or editor, perhaps having some personal animus - these are usually at the bottom of such attacks. The man with an ax to grind is always living, healthy and active. The best interests of a school system at times demands courageous action. When the clamor in behalf of an incompetent teacher or principal demands courageous action. When the clamor in behalf of an incompetent teacher or principal is loud, when the competition of business is keen or when the opposition to a laudable purpose is strong, then it is that the sincere and steadfast school director braves them all and performs his duty as he sees it.
Honest and just criticism is all right and public officials should not resent it, or expect to escape it. The press is a great educational agency, and it can render great service to the public schools, if it will exercise care and show a good disposition in publishing matters pertaining to this, the most important of all our public institutions. The people should be informed; if they are rightly informed, they will be less likely to offer reproaches.
There is a limit to the amount of money that may be beneficially expended in any one year for public education, but we are far from that limit at present in Lafayette parish. There is need of more male teachers, and these and all other teachers should be employed by the calendar year. Few men, however, can see in the salaries paid at present for only seven or eight months in the year, compensation sufficient to support themselves and a family. To obtain good teachers decent living salaries should be paid, and no system of school administration, however excellent in other respects, can undo the harm done a child who is compelled to spend one or more years under an incompetent teacher.
Provisions for instruction in agriculture and manual training should be made in all of the central schools in the parish as soon as possible. An education which will prepare for industrial callings is a pressing need among our people. We have one of the best agricultural countries in the world, and its vast opportunities are being shamefully neglected through a lack of intelligent and scientific cultural methods. The greatest benefit we can confer upon the boys in the parish is to interest them in scientific farming. We are doing them harm as a class now by cultivating in them a distaste and dislike for farm life and driving them into the aimless and monotonous life of town and city through a curriculum of studies poorly adapted as a whole to their and city through a curriculum of studies poorly adapted as a whole to their natural environments and necessities. The introduction of manual training and school farm work into our rural schools will be of inestimable value to the children. The wagonettes put in service in our parish five years ago has greatly improved the rural schools by affording the country children the advantages of a full graded school with all modern equipments. With the addition of manual training and school farm work in the central schools the usefulness of those wagonettes will be further increased.
Another important need in the school work of this parish is the furnishing of an assistant to the superintendent to relieve this officer of the bool and clerical work of his office, which is now making an unreasonable demand on his time which could be spent to so much better advantage in a supervision of the teachers. The real value of the services of the superintendent is in the supervision of the schools to the end that the teachers may be made to do their work as efficiently as possible. The large amount of book and clerical work the superintendent is compelled to perform greatly hampers him in his other and more important duties. The additional cost of the services of an assistant to relieve the superintendent of the drudgery of office work could be not without seriously curtailing the length of the school term, and there would result an enormous gain to the children in the increased efficiency of the teaching corps that would follow regular and frequent visits to the schools by the superintendent. A reasonable amount of the school funds could not be used to any better advantage to the children of the parish than in this way.
In justice to themselves the new School Board should order a checking up of the books and records of the outgoing School Board that they and the public may know the exact condition of the school affairs at the time the new Board took charge of them. I believe that it would be best to always have such auditing done by an expert accountant, and I am of the opinion that the regular checking up of the financial affairs of School Boards and all other public bodies administering public funds by an expert and disinterested accountant would redound to the advantage of these bodies and the general public.
In conclusion let me say that the interests of the children are supreme, and with this as the central idea in the administration of schools, and an intelligent and helpful interchange of views and opinions among the directors and between the school officers and the friends of education, it is certain that the public school system of Lafayette parish will attain a higher standard than ever under the administration of the Board which has this day assumed charge of the public school system of the parish.
Any credit which may be given the retiring Board for a successful management of the public schools is to be largely attributed to a faithful adherence to the principles and general policy outlined in this message; and this course of action received the approbation of the public without whose strong moral and financial support the noteworthy progress of the schools in Lafayette parish in recent years could not have been achieved.
N. P. MOSS.
Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1908.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of December 15th, 1908:
Rev. Father Teurlings, pastor of St. John's Catholic church, who has been so industriously at work for the past month or so, arranging for the presentation of a Christmas Oratorio, reports fine progress in every detail of the sacred play and has fixed on Thursday, Dec. 29, as the date for presenting the oratorio. The reverend Father left yesterday for New Orleans to rent costumes, etc., for use in the representation of the text in tableaux. The subject is the birth of Christ, and all the events connected with it will be illustrated by living tableaux and can not fail to excite most intense and general interest. The patriarchs and prophets typify the longing of the ancients for the promised Messiah and form a striking feature of the presentation; the Archangel in the field and at the Crib; the Angels singing "Glory to God in the brightest, peace and good will to men", the wonderfully brilliant star, and the arrival of the three holy kings, presenting their gifts and adoration, all will be vividly portrayed in living tableaux and with all striking stage effects.
The choir and orchestra composed of local talent will be assisted by several artists from New Orleans. Father Teurlings is indeed most highly gratified over the splendid progress made and the unbounded enthusiasm displayed by all in the rehearsals. The parts are all thoroughly in hand and every participant vies in the determination to present the grandest sacred play ever witnessed in Lafayette. Father Lambert of New Orleans has been secured to take charge of the stage effects and his long experience in matters of this kind insures a representation of the highest order. It is admitted that the Jefferson Theatre will not contain all who attend and so the oratorio will be given twice if this can be arranged. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1908.
Lately Father Teurlings has instituted for the children of St. John's Catholic church a mass at 8 o'clock every Sunday morning. The purpose is to give the children instruction in devotional duties and bible history under the supervision of the Christian Doctrine Society. The children have been organized as to age and capacity and will go through a regular course of study besides practice in singing. About 800 attend at present, but Father Teurlings declares there should be at least 800 of the 1,000 children in and around Lafayette in regular attendance upon this ordinance of the church. The pastor relies upon the training of the young of the future welfare and prosperity of the church and earnestly desires the hearty cooperation of every parent and faithful Catholic in this important part of christian work. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1908.
TWO ATTRACTIVE WINDOWS.
That Christmas is coming was forcibly impressed upon The Advertiser man by an inspection of Levy Bros.' show windows a few days ago. Mr. Albert Lacasse, who is employed in the store, has exercised much ingenuity and artistic taste in the decorations and it certainly does one good to stop a while and admire the beautiful wreaths of holly so effectively arranged. The pretty red berries glowing among the green leaves call to mind all the tender and beautiful customs associated with this, the happiest day of all the year. Take a look at these windows and you will feel better.
Mr. T. M. Biossat has also fallen into line to the thrilling music of Christmas time and has decorated his jewelry show cases with holly. Just take a peep and see for yourself. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1908.
A move is on foot among the merchants and business men to close all places on Christmas day and give everybody a chance to enjoy fully the glad day which "comes only once a year." Several have already signified their willingness and we trust that all will see their way clear to follow suit and give their faithful clerks and employees a real good old time Christmas holiday. Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1908.
HOLLY & IVY.
" .. Lo, now is come our joyfull'st time,
Let every man be jolly;
Each room with Ivy leaves is drest,
And every post with Holly.
Without the door let Sorrow lie,
And if for cold hap to die,
We'll bury him in a Christmas Pye,
And evermore be merry. .."
All of the evergreen plants have long been considered symbolic of immortality, of rebirth. Hence they, and they alone, are appropriate decorations for the Christmas season, which was originally a celebration, under the disguise of various national religious forms, of the turning of the sun at winter solstice, and the consequent renewal of life on the earth.
When Constantine was converted, he seized upon every underlying likeness, however remote, between the old faith and the new. Every familiar symbol that might be stretched to fit the strange faith; every old custom that would help to reconcile his lately, and sometimes forcibly, converted people to their unaccustomed belief, was adopted and re-explained. And the return of the sun, bringing life and light to the winter-bound earth, became the prototype of the coming of the Son of Man, bringing life and light to the soul of the sin-bound world. So that at first all the heathen observances were retained as far as possible, and merely given a new meaning.
At the Christmas festival, the ivy and holly still made a summer screen of the stone walls, as in ancient Germany they had turned the huge halls at mid-winter, to bowers of greenery, wherein the sylvan sprites, who dwelt in summer among the forest trees, might pass the frozen months without too much discomfort. An echo from Scandinavia is still heard in the saying current among the peasants of the old world that if any bit of holiday decoration is left in the house after Candlemas day (February 2), a troop of little devils will enter and sit, one on each withered leaf, every one bringing its own small curse upon the house. These little devils are merely the old forest sprites, detained against their will by their undestroyed winter refuge and fretting to return to the awakening woods of spring.
The churches were still green with Christmas garlands in those early days, and ablaze with candles, as the temples of Saturn had always been during the corresponding Roman festival of the Saturnalia. But, as Polydore Vergil remarks, "Trymmyng the temples with hangyngs, floures, boughes and garlandes, was taken of the heathen people, which decked their idols and houses in suche array."
And as time went on, and it became no more necessary to make concentrations that would help reconcile the people to their changed faith, these "heathen" customs became distasteful to the church. One of the early councils forbids men longer "to deck up their houses with lawrell, yvie, and greene boughes, as we used to doe at the Christmasse season."
This command was observed in the temples, but in the baronial halls the old customs lived on; lived down their questionable past; won again the toleration of the priests who had sternly banished them, and to-day all the evergreens again are admitted to the strictest church, so that we again can say at Christmas,
".. Now with bright Holly all the temples strow,
With Ivy green, and sacred Mistletoe. .."
The "Early Calendar of English Flowers," and old poem wherein each month is recognized by its appropriate plant symbol, ends with these lines:
".. Soon the evergreene Laurel alone is greene,
When Cathererine crowns all learned menne.
The Ivie and Hollie berries are seene,
And Yule log and Wassaile come round agen. .."
The laurel is used not at all, and the ivy but little, in American decorations at Christmas, since both plants are exceedingly rare here. But in England the use of the ivy at least is universal, and the references to it in Christmas song and story alone would fill a small volume.
Besides its claim to appropriateness for the Christmas season which it holds in common with other evergreens, it has two especially strong recommendations of its own. On account of its habit of clinging strongly to its supporting tree or wall, it is a popular symbol of friendship and fidelity, and as such, an excellent decoration for the season of good will and universal brotherhood. And it was, in Roman days, sacred to Bacchus, who, when a baby, was hidden by his aunt, Ino, among its leaves, to save him from Juno's destuctive wrath. Prynne says:
".. At Christmas, men do always Ivy get,
And in each corner of the house it set;
But why do they then use that Bacchus weed?
Because they mean then Bacchus-like to feed. .."
This satirical explanation was but too true in the earlier days, when Christmas lasted for weeks, and was given over to a revelry wholly heathen in character.
To-day, in America, the Christmas decorations almost exclusively are of holly, which, for all its popularity, is less consecrated by legend than any other holiday greenery. To be sure we make a sparing use of the mistletoe, which, from the ancient Druidical meaning of purity given to its wax-white berries, and from its use by them in the marriage rite, has come to charter for kissing as "broad as the wind." And we have added the bitter-sweet, which has no traditional signification whatever, is not an evergreen, and is to be tolerated merely for its beauty's sake, and for the slight suggestion it gives of the holly berry.
Our American holly is said to be less than beautiful than the European plant, having leaves of a duller green. But, making all allowances for possible disadvantages, it still is a remarkably beautiful tree. And as a symbol of the immortality which it is the season's special mission to teach, it surely has no rival. The leaves remain on the branches for three years, losing their hold only when they are pushed off at last by the growing buds of spring.
Throughout England, so little is its supremacy disputed, that is is popularly known as "Christmas," just as the hawthorn is called "The May."
Its name has been a matter of considerable interest. Theophrastus and other Greek authors named the plant Agria; that is, wild, or of the fields. The Romans formed from this the work Agrifolium and called it also Aquifolium, from actum, sharp, and folium, a leaf. Bauhin and Loureiro first named it Ilex, from the resemblence of its leaves to those of the Quercus Ilex, a species of oak which was the true Ilex of Virgil. Linnaeus adopted the name Ilex for the genus, and preserved the name Aquifolium for the most anciently known species.
Our popular name, holly, probably is a corruption of the word holy, as Turner in his herbal calls it holy, and holy tree. The thorny foliage, and the berries like drops of bright blood, could scarcely fail to remind a Christian of the crown of thorns, and this, together with the universal use of the plant in the churches at Christmas easily would account for the name.
In Germany, it is known as Christdorn. The Danish name is Christorn and the Swedish Christtorn. The same name, Christ's thorn, is found in some parts of England. But as the legend connects the holly with the crown of thorns, this name, universal among the Germanic peoples, must be merely the result of its appearance and of its Christmas popularity, as before suggested.
By syndicated writer Floy Campbell and published in the Lafayette Advertiser of 12/15/1908.
Of Interest to School Boys.
Several months ago The Advertiser agitated the idea of organizing an Anti-cigarette League in Lafayette, in line with similar movements taking place in other parts of the United States. We then printed out the well known life-sapping effects of this extensively practiced vice and urged the need there existed of combating its further spread. It is the unquestionable duty of all persons entrusted with the mental and physical care of young people, to persistently instruct these in the destructful influence of the cigarette on the human organism, and by appealing to their reason persuade them to not contract the cigarette habit, or, if already enslaved to the evil vice, prevail on them to abandon it.
The Attakapas Vindicator in commenting on the subject recently, submitted to the appended extract from a high authority, the Medical News, and we commend a thoughtful reading of the undeniable statements made, to the school boys of Lafayette parish.
"From the records of the Senior Class of Yale College during the past eight years the non-smokers have been proved to have decidedly gained over the smokers in height, weight and lung capacity. All candidates for the crew and other athletic sports were non-smokers, 25 per cent heavier, and had 60 per cent more lung capacity."
In the graduating class of Amherst College of the present year those not using tobacco have in weight gained over 24 per cent over those using tobacco, in height 37 per cent, in chest girth 43 per cent, while they have a greater lung capacity by 8.36 cubic inches.
The Vindicator properly remarks with reference to the foregoing extract :
"These comparisons could be verified in every school in the world or wherever men are brought into physical or mental competition with each other. Boys, it behooves you to think well of these things.
Decide whether you wish to attain a full development or go lamely through life with faculties and powers impaired by the insidious weed." Lafayette Advertiser 12/15/1894.