Spring Has Sprung!
TO THE EDITOR:
DEAR SIR : Spring has at last visited us after one of the longest, hardest winters that ever was known in South west Louisiana, and as usual found us formerly with very short supplies of hay, as a consequence many valuable cattle perished. We must learn to do better than this ; ours is a first class soil for native of cultivated grasses and we should learn by these unnecessary losses to save large quantities this fall but farmers like us will by that time have forgotten this lesson and say, Oh ! well we may never have another such winter. In my visit to West Texas last year I learned something that the farmers in our parish must quick learn or the most dire calamity will overtake us and ruin our rich lands forever. Johnson grass is the danger threatened. Some twenty years since this grass was introduced in Texas and recommended to grow on dry sandy desert lands which it does but is only a poor grass to graze on green as stock will only eat it when other grass cannot be got. It is used principally for hay and can be cut three times but makes only common hay. Once land is infested with it nothing else can grow with it.
Here in Louisiana where the farmers sow a great many of Texas oats, this curse of the earth is getting introduced in many places. Where there is not too large patches, it can be dug up and the roots picked out of the earth.
Mr. Editor, farmers are looking about to see what they must plant to make money as cotton cannot be depended on and we do not know what we will pay debts with. We are learning to raise home supplies. Most every one of us have hogs for his meat and quite a number have been sold in New Iberia and Lafayette during the last three of four years.
We are also raising a large quantity of poultry which helps us out quite nicely. We are advised by our valuable experiment station experts of whom Dr. Stubbs, Maj. Lee and others are members, to engage in cattle raising. Some can do this, the larger number cannot as they have to work rented land and have no capital to commence with but few share-men or land renters can get credit of supplies under the homestead law. When we can adapt ourselves to the new way we will be better off, for as we cannot get credit we will have to raise our supplies and then will not get in debt.
HOG and HOMINY.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.
Under a call issued by Messrs. C. Debaillon, Julien Mouton, I. A. Broussard, A. M. Martin, Ed. G. Voorhies and Wm. Campbell quite a crowd of democrats assembled themselves at the Court House on last Monday night at 8 p. m.
The meeting was called to order by Hon. Wm. Campbell and Judge C. Debaillon was elected chairman and Ed. G. Voorhies, sec'y.
Hon. Judge Debaillon made a few remarks calling the attention of the meeting to the growth of Lafayette, to the various commercial enterprises within its limits, made a plea for progressive, hustlers men to be placed in charge of the affairs of the town and closed up by saying that the meeting was called to nominate a ticket for municipal officers of the town of Lafayette to be voted for next May. Judge Julien Mouton moved that a committee of five be appointed by the chair to submit to the meeting a to be voted for at the approaching election.
This motion being seconded was carried and the chair appointed as members of the committee : Messrs. Julien Mouton, I. A. Broussard, A. M. Martin, Horace Broussard and A. E. Mouton. Pending the report of the committee a recess was ordered.
After quite a while committee made its appearance and submitted the following names for the next City Fathers : Mayor, Wm. Campbell; Councilmen : Chas. O. Mouton, Dr. F. E. Girard, Jno. O. Mouton, H. Hohorst, Geo. A. DeBlanc, Felix Demanade and J. Edward Martin.
On motion of Judge Julien Mouton the ticket was nominated by acclamation.
Mr. Chas. O. Mouton, while thankful for the honor conferred upon him declined to serve, but the chair ruled the gentleman out of order.
There being no further business, on motion of Judge Julian Mouton, the meeting adjourned.
The ticket above mentioned is composed of well-known men and who certainly will have only in view the welfare and the future prosperity of Lafayette.
Among the candidates we notice some who in the past have already worn the municipal harness and whose administrations have given general satisfaction. Hon. Wm. Campbell will not be an apprentice in the mayoralty's office having proven his worth as a public officer and we have no doubts that the entire ticket will be elected by all the voters on the first of next May. Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.
THE RIGHTS OF A WIFE.
The wife has many rights and though the common law has often been changed so as to entangle those who are not familiar with the intricacies of the subject, still she has the undeniable right to buy what she needs at the lowest prices and this she does in going to Levy Bros., the hustlers, up-to-date merchants, the extinguishers of high prices.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.
Prof. R. H. Broussard, principal of the Pilette Public School was robbed last Saturday night of $150 by two unknown men. Prof. Broussard was returning from Opelousas where he had been on an excursion and reaching Lafayette at night he set out for his home, a few miles in the country. While near the refinery, in Tin Can alley, the two highwaymen sprang from the road side, and climbing into the vehicle from behind, seized the professor by the throat and relieved him of his cash. The professor suffered no physical injury, only a slight scare and the loss of his money. Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.
Selected News Notes (Advertiser) 3/25/1899.
Miss Adele Young is now clerking at Holt & Carter.
Miss Nella Alpha has accepted a position as assistant-teacher at Broussardville.
Just received at the Racket Store a fine line of linen suits. - Boys at $1.50; Infants at $1.00; Men's at $2.50.
Mr. Jos. Ducote has been appointed official court interpeter by Judge Debaillon.
The only shoe in town is the Hannan & Son - a big stock of Lafayette Clothing House.
Don't forget the races to-morrow Sunday at Oak Avenue Park, to begin at 12:30 p. m., sharp.
A good time is in store for the lovers of the Turf as good racers are entered.
Hon. Wm. Campbell and Ozeme Leblanc will act as judges and I. A. Broussard will act as starter. Admission 25 cents, Children 15 cents. Refreshments and other edibles will be sold at low prices.
On last Tuesday at 11 o'clock a. m., Miss Harriet Beer, of Abbeville, La., was buried in the Jewish cemetery here. The body was accompanied by the family and Mr. Soloman Wise, Mr. and Mrs. Eli Wise, Mr. Gus. Godchaux and many others. Our Israelite residents turned out in full force and met the funeral party at the cemetery.
Miss Beer died last Monday in Abbeville, La., and was 40 years old. Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.
From the Lafayette Gazette of March, 25th, 1899:
POLICE JUROR INDICTED.
Grand Jury Makes 2 Charges Against Him.
Last Thursday afternoon the Grand Jury reported two true bills against Jno. E. Primeaux for obtaining money under false pretenses. Primeaux is the member of the Police Jury from the fourth ward. He was elected to that office at the general election in 1896.
One of the indictments charges that Primeaux, by false representations, induced the Police Jury to approve an account in favor of one F. Willis for the sum of $25.50, alleged to be due by the parish for draining and grading on the public roads.
It is also charge that Primeaux collected the amount himself, and did so with the intent to cheat and defraud Police Jury.
The other indictment is of the same nature. It is for having, by false representations and pretenses, obtained $20.00 in the name of J. Menard, to whom the Police Jury was induced to believe the parish was indebted for some work done on the roads.
Sheriff Broussard arrested Primeaux Thursday night. He was released shortly after on a bond of $500 for each offense.
Both offenses of which Primeaux is charged are punishable in the penitentiary in case of conviction. Lafayette Gazette 3/25/1899.
Under the law passed through the efforts of State Senator Robert Martin an Industrial School is to be established in one of the three parishes composing this senatorial district. To secure this school certain conditions must be complied with. A donation of twenty-five acres of land for a site and $5,000 must be made. The rest will be done by the State.
New Iberia, Jeanerette and St. Martinville are exerting themselves toward securing this prize. Their people have organized themselves and are leaving nothing undone to get the Industrial School.
Lafayette is concededly the best site for the school. But what have our people done in this matter? Nothing. Absolutely nothing. It is true the most enterprising have indulged in some cheap talk, but talk is not what I needed. Something more substantial is required. An earnest effort and a willingness to go down into our pockets. Talk won't do. If we talk and refuse to work intelligently in this matter the Industrial School will slip by us just as the Abbeville railroad did.
There is only one way to get the Industrial School. It is a case of put up or shut up. We must raise the money by taxation. Otherwise it will not be raised at all. The town raised over thirty thousand dollars to build a waterworks and electric light plant. Why can't it raise $10,000 to get the school?
If this town wants to go ahead it must learn to help itself. It must practise the doctrine of self-help. Towns like inviduals are the architects of their own fortunes.
Fifteen years ago Shreveport was a small town with one railroad. To-day it is one of the best and most progressive cities in the South. Long ago the citizens recognized that they had to go down into their pockets. It was either that or retrogression. They chose the former.
In 1883 Caddo parish, of which Shreveport is the capital, gave a $100,000 bonus to the Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pacific Railroad. In the same year the City, gave $100,000 to the New Orleans Pacific.
In 1886 the Shreveport and Houston Railroad was completed into Shreveport and for the construction of which the tax-payers of that city gave a bonus of $75,000.
In 1887 the Cotton Belt was built into Shreveport and to this road a bonus of $50,000 was given.
In 1896 the tax-payers of Caddo parish again put their hands into their pockets and gave $325,000 to the builders of the Kansas City Pittsburg and Gulf Railroad.
During the year 1897 Shreveport gave $70,000 to the Red River Valley Railroad which was built to Couschatta.
Here we have it that Shreveport gave bonuses to railroads alone $720,000, more than the assessed value of Lafayette and nearly 45 per cent of the assessed value of Baton Rouge.
Fifteen years ago Shreveport handled 60,000 bales of cotton. To-day it handles 250,000 bales. Fifteen years ago it had one railroad, To-day it has six.
The wonderful strides made by Shreveport is the best evidence that the town that wants to move along must practise what Mr. Hargrove aptly terms the doctrine of self-help.
Let Lafayette heed the lesson of Shreveport. Let its people go down into their jeans and put up the money if they want the Industrial School.
Lafayette Gazette 3/25/1899.
Released on Bond. - Bernard Carp, who was incarcerated in the parish jail on a charge of larceny, has been released on a bond signed by Mr. Wm. Campbell. The court has requested the physician (Dr. A. Gladu) to make a further investigation into Bernard's mental condition. Bernard says all he needs is good treatment and something to eat and he will be all right.
Laf. Gazette 3/25/1899.
Worthless Check. - An affidavit was made before Judge McFaddin this week by Louis Lacoste, charging Willie P. Thomas with obtaining money under false pretenses. It appears that Thomas obtained some money from Mr. Lacoste by giving a worthless check. Laf. Gazette 3/25/1899.
Public Funds. - Sheriff Broussard turned over $6,609.90 to Treasurer J. E. Martin last Wednesday. The sum was divided as follows: Parish taxes, $949.95, poll tax $32.00, parish licenses $2, 120.00, special road tax $3,508.00. Laf. Gazette 3/25/1899.
Paint for Court-House. - L. Lacoste, the hustling merchant, being the lowest bidder, was awarded the contract to furnish the pain to use on the court-house. The committee wanted good paint and the best prices and that's why L. Lacoste got the business.
Laf. Gazette 3/25/1899.
CITY COUNCIL PROCEEDINGS.
Lafayette, La., March 7, 1899:
Moved and seconded that the finance committee be and is instructed to obtain if possible an extension of one year on the bonds which fall due March 6, 1899.
It was moved and seconded that the minutes be suspended in order that a committee of merchants be heard. After presenting their case the following ordinance was adopted:
Section I.--Be it ordained, etc., that each and every agent, drummer, salesman or solicitor selling any article at retail by sample by a house to house canvas shall pay an annual license graded as follows:
First Class.--Where the greatest sales amount to one thousand dollars or more and less than fifteen hundred dollars, $150.
Second Class.--Where the greatest sales amount to five hundred dollars or more, and less than one thousand dollars, $150.
Third Class.--Where the greatest sales amount to less than five hundred dollars, $75, which shall be the smallest amount of license granted under this section.
Be it further ordained that it shall be the duty of all persons desiring to sell as above stated to first obtain a license before engaging in said business. And any persons violating the provisions hereon shall be fined in the sum not less than $25 and not more than $100 and in default of the payment to be imprisoned not exceeding 30 days. That this ordinance take effect immediately the vote stood as follows:
Yeas: Mouton, Dr. Martin, Landry and Hopkins.
And the mayor thereupon declared the same adopted.
Lafayette Gazette 3/25/1899.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of March 25,th 1893:
HUNG BY REGULATORS!
Louis Michel Pays the Penalty for His Diabolical Crime.
The Drop Fell at 12:19 P. M. and Death Occurred in a Few Moments.
A Large Crowd Hung Around the Scene of the Hanging.
But Only a Few Were Permitted to Witness the Execution.
Special Dispatch to the Advertiser.
ST. MARTINSVILLE, March 24.
The hanging of Louis Michel for the murder of two women occurred to-day, the execution being witnessed by a small number of spectators only, much to the disappointment of a large crowd who had gathered from all parts of the parish with the expectation of satisfying their morbid curiosity by witnessing the hanging.
The hanging passed off quietly although fear had been entertained that an attempt would be made by the crowd to force their way into the enclosure where the execution took place, and the sheriff was fully prepared to check any demonstration that might have been made by the disappointed people, but no attempt was made and the execution passed off without any outbreak.
Michel had been supplied with a cake of the finest toilet soap to use in taking a bath. He had asked the sheriff for it, saying that he wished to wash his body as clean as his conscience and soul was, for he was innocent of the diabolical crime of which he had been convicted. He spent most of the forenoon in prayer with the Catholic priest, he being a Catholic.
Just before 12 o'clock he was taken from the cell to the scaffold, and he retained his possession and nerve to the last.
ON THE SCAFFOLD.
Upon the scaffold Louis Michel was very calm and collected. After the reading of the death warrant by the sheriff, he was asked if he desired to make any statement. Michel advanced a step and addressing the CAPTAIN OF THE REGULATORS who was present said: "You remember the night you and your men met and resolved to hang me or drive me from the parish? Well, I was under the house when you held the meeting. When you came to tell me to leave the parish, if you had tried to harm or hang me then, I would certainly have killed three or four of you with my Winchester, as I feared no man being innocent."
Turning to the sheriff he said, after requesting the prayers of the priest, that he was ready, and the drop fell at 12:19 p. m., and his neck was broken, resulting in his death a few minutes later.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1893.
Which Shall it Be?
On many occasions since coming to Lafayette the editor has heard many of our intelligent business men pay glowing tribute to the town of Crowley, and her enterprising citizens, for their energy and perseverance in working for the up-building of their country, and we have no reason to doubt that the praise thus accorded was not deserved ; on the other hand the phenomenal growth and prosperity of that town proves beyond contradiction that her citizens are wide-a-wake, pushing business men, who have the wisdom to see opportunities when they present themselves, and the energy to take advantage of such opportunities and make them subservient in advancing the material interests of their city. We honor and admire them for their public spirit and enterprise, and believe the example set by them could be well followed by other towns. The business men of that place are keen and sharp, and had experience in building up the country, and are well fitted to determine the worth of any move that is suggested, and the simple fact that the citizens of that town adopt or desire to adopt, a proposition or improvement, is good evidence that it is a sound one, and would add much to the growth of the community. Yet with all their experience, wisdom and foresight, they have by their recent actions placed themselves in a position directly the opposite to that occupied by quite a number of our own citizens. While a number of property holders in this parish oppose the voting of a tax to assist in building a railroad from here to Abbeville, the people of Crowley have gone to work with a determination to induce Mr. Leslie, if possible, to change his plans, and build a road from Abbeville to Crowley instead of Lafayette. They have, we understand, made very flattering proposals to Mr. Leslie, offering to give him a free right of way, a tax, and exempt him from paying any bonus to the town and parish, and yet some of our people oppose giving Mr. Leslie the tax alone. If Crowley can afford to give him a tax, a free right of way, exemptions from taxation, and ask nothing in return except that he build the road to that place, do you not think it would pay us to accept Mr. Leslie's proposition, which offers so much for the material advancement of our parish? We have no fear that Mr. Leslie will change his plans at this late day, but if the people should refuse to vote the tax asked, there is no doubt that the offers of Crowley will be accepted and the road built to that place.
In past years Lafayette has allowed many grand opportunities to pass her by without so much as stretching forth her hand to grasp them ; but we believe that she is at last awake to the truth of the statement that the "Lord helps those who help themselves," and has determined to take advantage in the future of each and every good opportunity that presents itself that will advance the interests of our people. If we would advance, we must exert ourselves and be in a position to grasp our opportunities, when they are offered, and make the most of them. Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1893.
Easter Services at St. John's.
The following are the special services to be held in St. John's Church, the coming week:
Holy Thursday.--Solemn High Mass and General Communion with procession to Repository at 9 a. m.
Good Friday.--Adoration of the Cross and sermon in French at 8 a. m. ; Way of the Cross at 4 p. m. ; sermon in English at 8 p. m.
Saturday,--Blessing of Fire and Water at 7:30 a. m.
Easter Sunday.--First Mass at 7:30 a. m. and Solemn High Mass at 9:30 a. m. Collection for Seminary at both Masses. Immediately after High Mass the selling of the pews will take place.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1893.
Selected New Notes (Advertiser) 3/25/1893.
The Black Diamonds (at Falk's) on Wednesday, April 8th. Prepare to laugh.
What do you say about having our streets sprinkled this summer.
It is reported that work on the new depot and waiting rooms will be begun very soon.
There is talk of organizing a literary circle in Lafayette. This should by all means be done.
The pay car of the Southern Pacific railroad distributed its favors among the men on Thursday.
Statistics prove that the health of Lafayette is ahead of most any other town of its size in the Union.
The marriage bells will ring out with a merry jingle as soon as Lent is over and some of our most charming young ladies will write their names Mrs.
With electric lights, a new fence around the court house, a new passenger depot, and other minor improvements, Lafayette will hardly be recognized. Laf. Advertiser 3/25/1893.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of March 25, 1882:
THE DISTRICT COURT.
The Charge to the Grand Jury.
Last year we published a large portion of the Judge's charge to the Grand Jury. Some additions have been made and believing them to be quite a propos, and of interest to the general public we print a part of the charge :
The Court feels it to be an imperative duty to at least call your attention, and through you, to attempt to awaken the public sentiment to a practice sometimes criminal and always dangerous and debasing. An impression, of late years, seems to have grown up, and it is not confined to our immediate vicinity, that an oath or affirmation before a court of justice, or an officer, is a light and trifling matter. The officers and courts have allowed to fall into neglect and disuse those forms of administering oaths which call to mind the solemnity of the act and added weight to its impressiveness.
The parties testifying or making oath frequently do if in a light and flippant manner and sometimes through interest of prejudice endeavor to come as near perjury as they may, without actually committing the crime. It is in this fashion that way to crime of perjury is made easy and its recurrence frequent.
It has been said, and not wholly without foundation, that so lax have we become in this connection, that there is seldom a suit in which there is enlisted much feeling or where the stake is heavy, that the crime of perjury is not committed. In criminal prosecutions it is not rare. In the matter of the assessment and collection of taxes it has occurred in every community. In the matter of the Homestead Entries, - in truth wherever an oath or affirmation is necessary, or required by law, the moral obligation to speak truly is disregarded and the technical violation of the statutes is often complete.
The evils flowing from the practice of willful and corrupt perjury are more serious, more widespread and far reaching in their results than any other crime known to the laws human or divine. While it is an offense against the State and public justice, poisoning at its source a fountain at which all must drink it, it often strikes the private citizen in a manner that admits of no defense.
The tendency of this crime, I am persuaded, does not result from any deep seated wickedness or criminality among our people, but it comes from thoughtfulness and inattention. The quickest and best method of making a healthy public sentiment, I think, and one that will at once render the commission of the offence impossible, is for you to investigate thoroughly such matters as you know of or may be brought to your attention, and if in your judgment a conviction might be had, present the party for public trial and punishment. One public prosecution and conviction would. I am sure, by directing public attention thereto, do more to suppress and prevent this vice than any other means. For this purpose and in this connection I charge you, you may enter and examine the records in any office in this parish, and I call your attention to the assessment roll now, and will refer to it again in another connection. If you will consider but a moment, you will readily perceive that a wholesome fear of condign punishment alone will prevent the wicked and unprincipled from wresting the course of public justice and directing it to their own gains and selfish purposes, - that through you must come protection to the community and that you must interpose the shield that can be raised by no other hand.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
A New Departure.
The action of the jury in the case of State vs. Joseph Padillo, makes a new departure in the administration of criminal law in this parish. Since 1861 there has not been a verdict carrying with it the death penalty. Numbers of cases have been tried where the life of the accused was involved and which there were no mitigating circumstances, but the verdict was invariably "guilty without capital punishment." The recent verdict seems to meet with public approval.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
Undoubtedly no effort to relieve the sufferers from the overflow of the Mississippi and its tributaries was ever so general as the movements that have been made for the relief of those who now huddle together upon some hill or remotely drift upon a raft without food, and see but their house-tops above the waters. Relief comes for them from the federal government, State governments and from individuals. It is worthy of note that in addition to the much needed relief granted by Congress and the States, there are two enterprises of a private character which have, ere this, surely done great good in their errands of mercy. The St. Louis Globe Democrat and the New Orleans Times-Democrat each fitted out a craft adapted for the purpose, loaded with food and medicine and sent them to seek for and relieve those sufferers. It is some consolation to know that the upper waters of the Mississippi are falling ; it is clear that the greatest volume of water has reached the gulf. There is still a great strain upon the levees from Vicksburg down and in many localities breaks are likely to occur before the pressure is removed.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
Report of the Grand Jury.
State of Louisiana.--Parish of Lafayette.
In the name and by the authority of the State of Louisiana, duly impanelled, sworn and charged to inquire within and for the body of the parish aforesaid, beg leave to submit the following report, to-wit :
That we have examined the Parish Jail, and have found the same (unreadable word) to secure prisoners ; that the prisoners are well treated.
That we have also examined the different offices of Clerk and Sheriff of said parish and report the same to have appeared to be well kept in order and with ability, and it is with pleasure that we mention the courtesy and strict attention paid to our body during our long session by all the officers of court.
We also report that the financial condition of the Parish Treasury permits the Treasurer to pay in cash the members of the jury.
The important repairs of our Court House and the working of the public roads in certain portions of our parish, makes it our duty, in the name of the citizens of the parish of Lafayette, to tender our thanks to the Honorable Police Jury of said parish, for the zeal and ability that they have displayed in redeeming the finances of said parish from its former to its present condition.
Foreman Grand Jury special March term 1882. Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
NEW MARKET STORE. - The undersigned has opened a market for the sale of fresh meats of all kinds, fresh sausages, vegetables, fruits &c., on Lafayette street opposite Salles' Hotel. His establishment will be open daily from morning till night.
March 11. E. PERRAUDAT.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
We had the pleasure of a call this week from Mr. A. M. Escudier, editor of the popular journal the Iberia Star.
Mr. Andrew Cayard, of New Orleans, plantation on Bayou Vermilion. The purchase price was $5000 cash.
Mr. C. T. Perkins, owner of the lumber yard above town, would like the public to know that he has recently received a large and varied assortment of cypress lumber. He is prepared to sell this pine lumber for building or fencing at reasonable rates.
As will be seen from his advertisement in another column, Mr. A. J. Sheldon, photographer of New Orleans, is located temporarily here. He especially requests that his specimens be examined. Those wanting good pictures would do well to call without delay.
Mr. Joseph E. Broussard, of this parish, son of the recently deceased Zenon Broussard, died suddenly at Carencro on the 20th inst., aged 33 years ; he leaves a wife and two children.
Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1882.
From the Lafayette Advertiser of March 25th, 1966:
FRANK FOREMAN IS NAMED TO LAFAYETTE HIGH LIONS' STAFF.
Frank Foreman, former Lafayette and Southwestern gridiron star, has been named head track coach at Lafayette High School.
Foreman is currently working with the Lafayette track team under head coach Jack Baker. Foreman will take over as head coach next season when Baker leaves to assume his duties as athletic director at the new Ovey Comeaux High school.
Foreman, 30, has coached at Bunkie High School for three years, working with the backfield. He became head basketball coach for the 1961-62 season and took over head football duties in the fall of '62. He served as head coach in football, basketball and track at Bunkie.
He graduated from Southwestern in 1958 with a degree in physical education. He was a 4-year letterman for Southwestern and in 1955 was named the most valuable back. He also lettered in baseball for one year at Southwestern.
Frank is a former star at Lafayette High. He was a three-year letterman in football and baseball. He was the most valuable player and back in 1952-53 in football and was most valuable in baseball his last two years.
He is married to the former Elain Magee of Lafayette. They have one daughter, Julia Faith, 2 1/2.
Lafayette (Daily) Advertiser 3/25/1966.
From Popular Science Monthly.
Dreams are night thoughts, unchecked by the judgment and uncontrolled by the will. It is not true that we do not reason in dreams, that the exercise of the judgment is wholly suspended, and that the will is entirely powerless or ceases to act. These faculties are not altogether in abeyance, but they doze while the subordinate powers of the mind - those which play the part of the picture carriers and record finders - ransack the treasures of memory, and mingle together in the direct confusion old things and new.
Imagination is not active, but it remains just enough awake to supply the connecting links which give seeming continuity to those parts of the phantasmagoria which we chance to remember on recovering perfect self-consciousness, and which being remembered, we call "dreams." No one remembers more than one dream, unless he is aroused from sleep more than once. This experience has led to the inference that dreams only occur at the moment or in the act of waking. There are dreams which take place in the process of returning to consciousness; for example, those instantaneous scenes and spectacles which are suggested by the sound or feeling that rouses the dreamer ; but in result of a long and close study of the subject with a view to discover the nature of dreams and the laws of dreaming, for medical purposes, in connection with the treatment of sleeplessness. I am persuaded that dreams occur in the course of sleep and are wholly forgotten.
That they do not and can not take place in deep sleep is probable, because deep sleep is general sleep, and when this state prevails.
From Popular Science Monthly and in the Lafayette Advertiser 3/25/1899.